Mind, Society, and Behavior – World Bank Report – 2 December 2014

Posted on December 8, 2014. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

Mind, Society, and Behavior – World Bank Report – 2 December 2014

News release – World Development Report 2015 explores “Mind, Society, and Behavior” – 2 December 2014

“Story highlights

The WDR 2015 holds new insights on how people make decisions; it provides a framework to help development practitioners and governments apply these insights to development policy.

Research in the WDR suggests that poverty constitutes a cognitive tax that makes it hard for poor people to think deliberatively, especially in times of hardship or stress.

When used with existing policy approaches, new tools ranging from simple, low-cost changes such as better framing of messages and changing the timing of aid, can significantly improve outcomes.”

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Evidence gap maps – a tool for promoting evidence-informed policy and prioritizing future research – The World Bank – 1 December 2013

Posted on January 14, 2014. Filed under: Evidence Based Practice, Research | Tags: |

Evidence gap maps – a tool for promoting evidence-informed policy and prioritizing future research – The World Bank – 1 December 2013

Snilstveit, Birte; Vojtkova, Martina; Bhavsar, Ami; Gaarder, Marie. 2013. Evidence gap maps – a tool for promoting evidence-informed policy and prioritizing future research. Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6725. Washington DC ; World Bank Group.

“Evidence-gap maps present a new addition to the tools available to support evidence-informed policy making. Evidence-gap maps are thematic evidence collections covering a range of issues such as maternal health, HIV/AIDS, and agriculture. They present a visual overview of existing systematic reviews or impact evaluations in a sector or subsector, schematically representing the types of interventions evaluated and outcomes reported. Gap maps enable policy makers and practitioners to explore the findings and quality of the existing evidence and facilitate informed judgment and evidence-based decision making in international development policy and practice. The gap map also identifies key “gaps” where little or no evidence from impact evaluations and systematic reviews is available and where future research should be focused. Thus, gap maps can be a useful tool for developing a strategic approach to building the evidence base in a particular sector. This paper provides an introduction to evidence-gap maps, outlines the gap-map methodology, and presents some examples.”

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The Growing Danger of Non-Communicable Diseases: Acting Now to Reverse Course – World Bank – 15 September 2011

Posted on September 16, 2011. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt | Tags: |

The Growing Danger of Non-Communicable Diseases: Acting Now to Reverse Course – World Bank – 15 September 2011
http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:23001154~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html

” The World Bank warned today that heart disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory conditions, and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) increasingly threaten the health and economic security of many lower- and middle-income countries, and that most countries lack the money and health services to be able to ‘treat their way out’ of the NCD crisis. On the eve of a special United Nations summit on NCDs in New York, the Bank said the rise of chronic diseases, especially among young working adults in these countries, was a danger that warranted immediate global attention. ”

… continues

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World Bank eAtlas of Global Development

Posted on April 5, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

World Bank eAtlas of Global Development maps and graphs more than 175 thematically organized indicators for over 200 countries, letting you visualize and compare progress on the most important development challenges facing our world. Most indicators cover several decades, so you can see, for example, how “life expectancy at birth” has improved from 1960 up through the latest year.”

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Developing Strategies for Improving Health Care Delivery: Guide to Concepts, Determinants, Measurement, and Intervention Design – World Bank – 2010

Posted on March 31, 2011. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Policy, Health Systems Improvement, National Health Strategies | Tags: |

Bradley, E.H., Pallas, S., Bashyal,C., Curry, L., & Berman, P. (June 2010). Developing Strategies for Improving Health Care Delivery: Guide to Concepts, Determinants, Measurement, and Intervention Design. The World Bank: Health Nutrition and Population

“Abstract: This report is a user‟s guide for defining, measuring, and improving the performance of health service delivery organizations. We define six core performance domains: quality, efficiency, utilization, access, learning, and sustainability and provide a compendium of metrics that have been used to measure organizational performance in each of these six domains. The compendium, which includes 116 distinct categories of metrics, is based on a detailed literature review of peer-reviewed empirical studies of health care organizational performance in World Bank client countries. We include a bibliography of studies that have used these measures.

Based on our reading of the literature, we define seven major strategy areas potentially useful for improving performance among health care organizations: 1) standards and guidelines, 2) organizational design, 3) education and training, 4) process improvement and technology and tool development, 5) incentives, 6) organizational culture, and 7) leadership and management. We provide illustrations of facility-level interventions within each of the strategy areas and highlight the conditions under which certain strategies may be more effective than others. We propose that the choice of strategy targeted at organizational level to improve performance should be informed by the identified root causes of the problem, the implementation capabilities of the organization, and the environmental conditions faced by the organization.”   …continues on the site

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Some Economic Consequences of Global Aging – A Discussion Note for the World Bank – November 2010

Posted on January 28, 2011. Filed under: Aged Care / Geriatrics, Health Economics | Tags: |

Some Economic Consequences of Global Aging – A Discussion Note for the World Bank – November 2010

“Abstract: The note describes the importance of population aging world-wide, clarifying its prevalence among middle- and  low-income countries, which suggests that many developing countries are getting old before they are growing rich. The note then asks in what way population aging is an economic problem and what are the specific challenges facing developing countries in this process. The note argues against the common ―timebomb perception, and clarifies how a simplistic extrapolation from the impact of aging on single programs such as public pensions gives a misleading impression about the more general macroeconomic consequences of population aging, where numerous elements contribute to a more nuanced result. The note briefly discusses various topics of importance in the population aging debate, including: intergenerational flows, social contracts, the risk management element of old-age policies, and the impact of aging on health care costs. The note seeks to share a number of counterintuitive or simply nonintuitive facts, including: (i) the large impact of declines in fertility on population aging (often more important than increases in longevity); (ii) the impact of increased life expectancy on working age populations (often larger than among old age populations); (iii) the positive impact of aging on capital intensity; (iv) the need to include education in assessments of intergenerational equity (these often simply look at who pays for old-age pensions and health services); (v) the role of long-term care programs as insurance for risks faced by young adults.”

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Governance in Health Care Delivery – Raising Performance – World Bank – October 2009

Posted on November 3, 2009. Filed under: Clin Governance / Risk Mgmt / Quality, Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Systems Improvement | Tags: |

Governance in Health Care Delivery – Raising Performance.  Maureen Lewis, Gunilla Pettersson  The World Bank Development Economics Department & Human Development Department  October 2009  Policy Research Working Paper WPS5074
[Discusses this in the context of developing countries but still has many principles that apply in all environments.]
 
Tinyurl
 Abstract
 
“The impacts of health care investments in developing and transition countries are typically measured by inputs and general health outcomes. Missing from the health agenda are measures of performance that reflect whether health systems are meeting their objectives; public resources are being used appropriately; and the priorities of governments are being implemented. This paper suggests that good governance is central to raising performance in health care delivery. Crucial to high performance are standards, information, incentives and accountability. This paper provides a definition of good governance in health and a framework for thinking about governance issues as a way of improving performance in the health sector. Performance indicators that offer the potential for tracking relative health performance are proposed, and provide the context for the discussion of good governance in health service delivery in the areas of budget and resource management, individual provider performance, health facility performance, informal payments, and corruption perceptions. What we do and do not know about effective solutions to advance good governance and performance in health is presented for each area, drawing on existing research and documented experiences.”

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