Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014 – WHO – January 2015

Posted on January 20, 2015. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt | Tags: , |

Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014 – WHO – January 2015

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Smart governance for health and well-being: the evidence – WHO – 2014

Posted on October 14, 2014. Filed under: Evidence Based Practice, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Smart governance for health and well-being: the evidence – WHO – 2014

ISBN 978 92 890 5066 1

“Governance for health describes the attempts of governments and other actors to steer communities, whole countries or even groups of countries in the pursuit of health as integral to well-being. This study tracks recent innovations to address the priority determinants of health and categorizes them into five strategic approaches to smart governance for health. It relates the emergence of joint action by the health and non-health sectors, public and private actors and citizens, all of which have increasing roles to play in achieving seminal changes in 21st-century societies.

The chapters presented here were initially commissioned as papers to provide the evidence base for a study to support the new European policy framework for health and well-being, Health 2020. Calling for a health-in-all-policies, whole-of-government and whole-of-society approach, Health 2020 uses governance as a lens through which to view all technical areas of health. This book provides access to background papers for the study on governance for health in the 21st century, published by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in 2012. Prepared by eminent experts, the chapters provide further detail on the issues raised, and culminate in a comprehensive depiction of what constitutes smart governance for health in the 21st century.”

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Patients for Patient Safety (PFPS) – WHO

Posted on July 14, 2014. Filed under: Patient Participation, Patient Safety | Tags: |

Patients for Patient Safety (PFPS) – WHO

“Patients for Patient Safety (PFPS) is a programme that brings together patients, providers, policy-makers and those effected by harm, who are dedicated to improving health-care safety through advocacy, collaboration and partnership. Millions of patients around the world are suffering every year due to preventable harm in health care and PFPS believes that safety will be improved if patients are placed at the centre of care and included as full partners.”

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WHO highlights need for countries to scale up action on noncommunicable diseases – 10 July 2014

Posted on July 11, 2014. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt | Tags: |

WHO highlights need for countries to scale up action on noncommunicable diseases – 10 July 2014

“As world leaders gather at the United Nations General Assembly to assess efforts made since 2011 in controlling noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) like heart disease, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, the new WHO “Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2014″ show progress has been insufficient and uneven.”

 

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Infection Prevention and Control of Epidemic- and Pandemic-Prone Acute Respiratory Infections in Health Care – WHO – 2014

Posted on July 8, 2014. Filed under: Infection Control, Infectious Diseases, Respiratory Medicine | Tags: , |

Infection Prevention and Control of Epidemic- and Pandemic-Prone Acute Respiratory Infections in Health Care – WHO – 2014

“Overview

This publication is an update to the World Health Organization (WHO) interim guidelines Infection prevention and control of epidemic- and pandemic-prone acute respiratory diseases in health care (2007). These updated guidelines incorporate the emergency guidance given in the WHO publication Infection prevention and control during health care for confirmed, probable, or suspected cases of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus infection and influenza-like illness (2009). The revision was informed by both evidence that has emerged since the first edition was published and the practical lessons learnt during the influenza pandemic in 2009.

The WHO guidelines Infection prevention and control of epidemic- and pandemic-prone acute respiratory infections in health care provide recommendations, best practices and principles for non-pharmacological aspects of infection prevention and control (IPC) for acute respiratory infections (ARI) in health care, with special emphasis on ARI that can present as epidemics or pandemics. The guidelines are intended to help policy-makers, administrators and health-care workers to prioritize effective IPC measures.

The document also provides guidance on the application of basic IPC precautions, such as Standard Precautions, and on the importance of maintaining appropriate IPC measures in routine circumstances to strengthen a healthcare facility’s capacity to put them into practice during outbreaks. These measures should therefore be part of the hospital’s permanent IPC strategy.”

 

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Safe management of wastes from health-care activities 2nd ed – WHO – 2014

Posted on June 4, 2014. Filed under: Environmental Health | Tags: , |

Safe management of wastes from health-care activities 2nd ed – WHO – 2014

ISBN 978 92 4 154856 4

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World Health Statistics 2014 – WHO – May 2014

Posted on May 22, 2014. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

World Health Statistics 2014 – WHO – May 2014

ISBN 978 92 4 156471 7
ISBN 978 92 4 069267 1 (PDF)

“The World Health Statistics series is WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets. This year, it also includes highlight summaries on the ongoing commitment to end preventable maternal deaths; on the need to act now to combat rising levels of childhood obesity; on recent trends in both life expectancy and premature deaths; and on the crucial role of civil registration and vital statistics systems in national and global advancement.”

 

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Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage: Final report of the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage – launched 1 May 2014

Posted on May 21, 2014. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage: Final report of the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage – launched 1 May 2014

ISBN 978 92 4 150715 8

Extract from the Executive Summary:

“Universal health coverage (UHC) is defined as all people receiving quality health services that meet their needs without being exposed to financial hardship in paying for the services. Given resource constraints, this does not entail all possible services, but a comprehensive range of key services that is well aligned with other social goals. UHC was firmly endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 2005 and further supported in the World Health Report 2010. Since then, more than seventy countries have requested policy support and technical advice for UHC reform from the World Health Organization (WHO). In response, WHO developed a plan of action that included providing guidance on how countries can manage the central issues of fairness and equity that arise on the path to UHC. The WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage was set up to develop this guidance.

This document is the Consultative Group’s final report. The report addresses the key issues of fairness and equity by clarifying these issues and offering recommendations for how countries can manage them. The report is relevant for a wide range of actors and particularly for governments in charge of overseeing and guiding the progress toward UHC.

To achieve UHC, countries must advance in at least three dimensions. Countries must expand priority services, include more people, and reduce out-of-pocket payments. However, in each of these dimensions, countries are faced with a critical choice: Which services to expand first, whom to include first, and how to shift from out-of-pocket payment toward prepayment? A commitment to fairness—and the overlapping concern for equity—and a commitment to respecting individuals’ rights to health care must guide countries in making these choices. For fair progressive realization of UHC, the three critical choices and the trade-offs between the dimensions must be carefully addressed. ”

 

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Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 – WHO – 2014

Posted on May 13, 2014. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 – WHO – 2014

ISBN 978 92 4 156475 5 (Print)
ISBN 978 92 4 069276 3 (PDF)

Extract from the executive summary:

“This report provides a global overview of alcohol consumption in relation to public health (Chapter 1) as well as information on: the consumption of alcohol in populations (Chapter 2); the health consequences of alcohol consumption (Chapter 3); and policy responses at national level (Chapter 4). The main messages of these chapters can be summarized as follows:”

… continues

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Air quality deteriorating in many of the world’s cities – WHO – 7 May 2014

Posted on May 8, 2014. Filed under: Environmental Health | Tags: , |

Air quality deteriorating in many of the world’s cities – WHO – 7 May 2014

“Air quality in most cities worldwide that monitor outdoor (ambient) air pollution fails to meet WHO guidelines for safe levels, putting people at additional risk of respiratory disease and other health problems.

WHO’s urban air quality database covers 1600 cities across 91 countries – 500 more cities than the previous database (2011), revealing that more cities worldwide are monitoring outdoor air quality, reflecting growing recognition of air pollution’s health risks.

Only 12% of the people living in cities reporting on air quality reside in cities where this complies with WHO air quality guideline levels. About half of the urban population being monitored is exposed to air pollution that is at least 2.5 times higher than the levels WHO recommends – putting those people at additional risk of serious, long-term health problems.

In most cities where there is enough data to compare the situation today with previous years, air pollution is getting worse. Many factors contribute to this increase, including reliance on fossil fuels such as coal fired power plants, dependence on private transport motor vehicles, inefficient use of energy in buildings, and the use of biomass for cooking and heating.

But some cities are making notable improvements – demonstrating that air quality can be improved by implementing policy measures such as banning the use of coal for “space heating” in buildings, using renewable or “clean” fuels for electricity production, and improving efficiency of motor vehicle engines.”

… continues on the site

Ambient (outdoor) air pollution in cities database 2014 – WHO

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Principles and considerations for adding a vaccine to a national immunization programme: From decision to implementation and monitoring – WHO – April 2014

Posted on May 6, 2014. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

Principles and considerations for adding a vaccine to a national immunization programme: From decision to implementation and monitoring – WHO – April 2014

ISBN: 978 92 4 150689 2

“This essential resource document reviews the principles and issues to be considered when making decisions about, planning, and implementing the introduction of a vaccine into a national immunization programme. Importantly, the document highlights ways to use the opportunity provided by the vaccine introduction to strengthen immunization and health systems. The comprehensive guidance also describes the latest references and tools related to vaccine decision-making, economic analyses, cold chain, integrated disease control and health promotion, vaccine safety, communications, monitoring, and more, and provides key URL links to many of these resources.”

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Guidelines for the Identification and Management of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders in Pregnancy – WHO – 2014

Posted on May 5, 2014. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Obstetrics | Tags: |

Guidelines for the Identification and Management of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders in Pregnancy – WHO – 2014

“Overview

These guidelines contain recommendations on the identification and management of substance use and substance use disorders for health care services which assist women who are pregnant, or have recently had a child, and who use alcohol or drugs or who have a substance use disorder. They have been developed in response to requests from organizations, institutions and individuals for technical guidance on the identification and management of alcohol and other substance use and substance use disorders in pregnant women, with the target of healthy outcomes for both pregnant and their fetus or infant.”

ISBN-13: 978-92-4-154873-1

 

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A global brief on vector-borne diseases – WHO – 2014

Posted on May 5, 2014. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: |

A global brief on vector-borne diseases – WHO – 2014

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Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014 – WHO – April 2014

Posted on May 1, 2014. Filed under: Infectious Diseases, Pharmacy | Tags: |

Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014 – WHO – April 2014

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The equity action spectrum: taking a comprehensive approach. Guidance for addressing inequities in health – WHO – 2014

Posted on April 24, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

The equity action spectrum: taking a comprehensive approach. Guidance for addressing inequities in health – WHO – 2014

“While population health indicators have improved across Europe overall, that improvement has not been experienced equally everywhere, or by all.

This is one of a series of policy briefs that describe practical actions to address health inequities, especially in relation to tobacco, alcohol, obesity and injury, the priority public health challenges facing Europe.

It offers policy-makers and public health professionals the tools and guidance to implement the Health 2020 vision – the new health policy framework for Europe developed by WHO/Europe – and the recommendations of the review of social determinants of health and the health divide led by Sir Michael Marmot and his team. This policy brief provides a framework that policy-makers at national, regional and local levels can apply to their own unique context, to help them consider the processes by which inequities occur and suggest policy interventions to address them.”

 

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WHO issues its first hepatitis C treatment guidelines – 9 April 2014

Posted on April 11, 2014. Filed under: Hepatology, Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

WHO issues its first hepatitis C treatment guidelines – 9 April 2014

“WHO has issued its first guidance for the treatment of hepatitis C, a chronic infection that affects an estimated 130 million to 150 million people and results in 350 000 to 500 000 deaths a year.

The publication of the “WHO Guidelines for the screening, care and treatment of persons with hepatitis C infection” coincides with the availability of more effective and safer oral hepatitis medicines, along with the promise of even more new medicines in the next few years.

“The WHO recommendations are based on a thorough review of the best and latest scientific evidence,” says Dr Stefan Wiktor, who leads WHO’s Global Hepatitis Programme. “The new guidance aims to help countries to improve treatment and care for hepatitis and thereby reduce deaths from liver cancer and cirrhosis.”

WHO will be working with countries to introduce the guidelines as part of their national treatment programmes. WHO support will include assistance to make the new treatments available and consideration of all possible avenues to make them affordable for all. WHO will also assess the quality of hepatitis laboratory tests and generic forms of hepatitis medicines.”

… continues on the site

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Burden of disease from Household Air Pollution for 2012 – WHO – 25 March 2014

Posted on March 26, 2014. Filed under: Cardiol / Cardiothor Surg, Oncology, Respiratory Medicine | Tags: , |

Burden of disease from Household Air Pollution for 2012 – WHO – 25 March 2014

“In new estimates released today, WHO reports that in 2012 around 7 million people died – one in eight of total global deaths – as a result of air pollution exposure. This finding more than doubles previous estimates and confirms that air pollution is now the world’s largest single environmental health risk. Reducing air pollution could save millions of lives.”

… continues on the site

Report

 

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Ashgabat Declaration on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Context of Health 2020 – WHO – 4 December 2013

Posted on January 9, 2014. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Ashgabat Declaration on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Context of Health 2020 – WHO – 4 December 2013

 

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MiNDbank – WHO – 10 December 2013

Posted on December 18, 2013. Filed under: Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: |

MiNDbank – WHO – 10 December 2013

“WHO MiNDbank is an online platform bringing together country and international resources, covering mental health, substance abuse, disability, general health, human rights and development. It is part of WHO’s QualityRights campaign to end violations against people with mental disabilities. MiNDbank aims to facilitate dialogue, advocacy and research, to promote reform in these areas in line with international human rights and best practice standards.”

Media release: Mental health information at your fingertips – WHO launches the MiNDbank

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Governance for health equity in the WHO European Region – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

Posted on December 2, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

Governance for health equity in the WHO European Region – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0055 0

“This report analyses why policies and interventions to address the social determinants of health and health inequities succeed or fail. It also discusses important features of governance and systems for service delivery that increase the likelihood of success in reducing inequities. The report presents a systems checklist for governing for health equity as a whole-of-government approach. This is intended for further discussion and as a framework to support countries in strengthening their governance for health equity in practice, through action on the social determinants of health.”

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A Universal Truth: No Health Without a Workforce. Third Global Forum on Human Resources for Health Report – WHO – November 2013

Posted on November 18, 2013. Filed under: Workforce | Tags: |

A Universal Truth: No Health Without a Workforce. Third Global Forum on Human Resources for Health Report – WHO – November 2013

“This report was commissioned by the Global Health Workforce Alliance Secretariat and the World Health Organization to consolidate the latest information available on human resources for health and inform the global community on how to attain, sustain and accelerate progress on universal health coverage. It will be launched at the Third Global Forum on Human Resources for Health.

An updated version of report, incorporating further explanations on methodology and data sources which were suggested at the Third Global Forum on Human Resources for Health in Recife, will be available in the next few days.”

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Transforming and scaling up health professionals’ education and training – WHO Guidelines 2013

Posted on November 18, 2013. Filed under: Educ for Hlth Professions, Workforce | Tags: |

Transforming and scaling up health professionals’ education and training – WHO Guidelines 2013

ISBN 978 92 4 150650 2

Extract from the Executive Summary

“These guidelines set out a vision of such a transformation of education for the health professions, and offer recommendations on how best to achieve the goal of producing graduates responsive to the health needs of the populations they serve. Specifically, the guidelines aim to: provide sound policy and technical guidance in the area of pre-service education, particularly to countries experiencing shortages of doctors, nurses, midwives and other health professionals; and guide countries on how to integrate continuing professional development (CPD) as part of medical, nursing, midwifery and other health professionals’ education scale-up in order to ensure excellence of care, responsive health service delivery and sustainable health systems. Country ownership in determining priorities and setting policy is required in each of the five identified guideline domains:

1) Education and training institutions,
2) Accreditation, regulation,
3) Financing and sustainability,
4) Monitoring and evaluating, and
5) Governance and planning.

The recommendations cover a wide range from development of community-engaged relevant curricula through to equipping health professionals with the skills to be high quality competent clinical teachers and academic faculty, all of which contribute to preparing high quality competent health graduates to practice in areas of need. Hence, a greater alignment between educational institutions and the health care system will be the necessary ingredient to bring about transformative change and leadership in preparing future graduates who have an affinity to work in rural and remote areas where the challenging issues of health equity and equality remain.”

Website for Transforming and scaling up health professionals’ education and training: WHO Education Guidelines 2013

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The Recife Political Declaration on Human Resources for Health: renewed commitments towards universal health coverage – WHO – 13 November 2013

Posted on November 18, 2013. Filed under: Health Policy, Workforce | Tags: , |

The Recife Political Declaration on Human Resources for Health: renewed commitments towards universal health coverage – WHO – 13 November 2013

Full text of the Recife Declaration

“Renewed commitments towards universal health coverage

The largest ever forum focussing on health workers and global health has concluded with a series of renewed commitments that will ensure more countries move with greater speed towards the goal of universal health coverage.

The commitments, both at the global and national level, harness political leadership on human resources for health – an area of public health often left sidelined on international development agendas – to the extent that real and lasting impact will be felt both by those on the frontline of delivering health care, as well as those on the receiving end.”

… continues on the site

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Review of Social Determinants and the Health Divide in the WHO European Region – UCL Institute of Health Equity – 30 October 2013

Posted on October 31, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , , |

 

Review of Social Determinants and the Health Divide in the WHO European Region – UCL Institute of Health Equity – 30 October 2013

 

“The WHO Regional Office for Europe commissioned this review of social determinants of health and the health divide to identify actions needed to address health inequities within and between countries across the 53 Member States of the European Region. The conclusions and recommendations of the review informed the development of Health 2020, the new European policy framework for health and well-being – along with a companion study on governance for health in the 21st century.”

 

… continues on the site

Britain told social inequality has created ‘public health timebomb’ – guardian – 30 October 2013

 

“UK is failing its children, women and young people on a grand scale, says Marmot report on links between inequality and health”

 

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Measurement of and target setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe – Published 18 October 2013

Posted on October 24, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Measurement of and target setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe – Published 18 October 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0291 2

Measurement of and target-setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe. Second meeting of the expert group, Paris, France, 25–26 June 2012

“One of the overarching targets of the European Health 2020 policy is how to set targets for well-being. Building on a first meeting held earlier in 2012, an expert group reviewed previous work on measuring well-being and on its definitions, concepts and domains; advised WHO on the definition and concept of well-being to be used in the context of Health 2020; and determined the next steps required to develop well-being indicators and targets.

As a result of these actions, an operational framework will be proposed to measure and set targets for well-being, including options to support Member States in its implementation.”

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Strengthening people-centred health systems in the WHO European Region: a roadmap – WHO – 22 October 2013

Posted on October 24, 2013. Filed under: Health Systems Improvement | Tags: , |

Strengthening people-centred health systems in the WHO European Region: a roadmap – WHO – 22 October 2013

News release: Framework for Action towards Coordinated/Integrated Health Services Delivery (CIHSD) launched

“WHO/Europe is developing the Framework for the European Region, and launched the work plan for it at the conference “Health systems for health and wealth in the context of Health 2020”, held on the fifth anniversary of the signing of the Tallinn Charter in Estonia.

The Framework’s goal is to support countries with policy options and recommendations that target key areas for strengthening the coordination/integration of health services. These changes are in line with the vision of Health 2020 and the values of universal health coverage, as the delivery of care must be of high quality and people centred to secure improvements in health and equity.

Discussions throughout the conference called attention to the importance of moving health-service delivery towards more people-centred care, with the coordination/integration of delivery being a key approach.

A WHO/Europe roadmap explains the process of developing the Framework for Action towards CIHSD, setting out the phases from now to 2016. It gives particular attention to ensuring the participation of partners, including a network of focal points in Member States, external experts and leading organizations in the field, such as the International Foundation for Integrated Care.”

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Environmental health and economics: use of economic tools and methods in environmental health – WHO – 23 October 2013

Posted on October 24, 2013. Filed under: Environmental Health, Health Economics | Tags: |

Environmental health and economics: use of economic tools and methods in environmental health – WHO – 23 October 2013

Media release: Visualizing the economic and health benefits of environmental measures: a winning combination

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Implementation Research in Health: A Practical Guide – WHO – Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research – 9 October 2013

Posted on October 16, 2013. Filed under: Health Systems Improvement, Research | Tags: , |

Implementation Research in Health: A Practical Guide – WHO – Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research – 9 October 2013

ISBN 978 92 4 150621 2

Extract from the executive summary

“A key challenge faced by the global health community is how to take proven interventions and implement them in the real world. Affordable, life-saving interventions exist to confront many of the health challenges we face, but there is little understanding of how best to deliver those interventions across the full range of existing health systems and in the wide diversity of possible settings. Our failure to effectively implement interventions carries a price.”

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Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region. Final report – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

Posted on October 14, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region. Final report – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0030 7

“The WHO European Region has seen remarkable health gains, though inequities persist both between and within countries. Much more is understood now about the extent and social causes of these inequities, particularly since the 2008 report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health.

This review of inequities in health across the 53 Member States of the Region was commissioned to support the development of the new European policy framework for health and well-being, Health 2020. It builds on the global evidence and recommends policies to reduce health inequities and the health divide across all countries, including those with low incomes.

The report is presented in four parts. Part I provides the context and background to the review, and sets out the key principles underpinning the recommendations and the rationale for grouping them into four broad themes: life-course stages, wider society, the broader macro-level context, and governance, delivery and monitoring systems.

Part II summarizes current evidence on the magnitude of the health divide among European Region countries, describing the inequities in health and their social determinants.

Part III focuses on the four themes, making recommendations with supporting evidence.

Part IV outlines the implementation issues, summarizes the framework for action, discusses reasons for failure, provides guidance on good practice and summarizes the review’s conclusions and recommendations.

The review is a wake-up call to political and professional leaders alike, an opportunity for them to facilitate the work of those dedicated to improving health outcomes and narrow the health gap between and within the countries of the Region.”

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Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies – WHO – 2012

Posted on October 14, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies – WHO – 2012

A foundation document to guide capacity development of health educators

ISBN: 978-92-9021-828-9
ISBN: 978-92-9021-829-6 (online)

 

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Implementing a Health 2020 vision: governance for health in the 21st century. Making it happen – WHO – September 2013

Posted on September 20, 2013. Filed under: Clin Governance / Risk Mgmt / Quality | Tags: |

Implementing a Health 2020 vision: governance for health in the 21st century. Making it happen – WHO – September 2013

“The WHO Regional Office for Europe commissioned this report to support the implementation of the Health 2020 policy framework. It builds on a study on governance for health in the 21st century, conducted for the WHO Regional Office for Europe. This report provides policy-makers with examples from around the world of how whole-of- government and whole-of-society approaches have been implemented, along with a set of tools to manage the complex policy process.

These policy examples were selected with a view to the four policy priority areas of Health 2020 and with the following criteria in mind: they provide useful lessons, often illustrate best practices, cover a wide variety of different contexts and countries and, as far as possible, have been implemented and, ideally, evaluated. The report aims to contribute, in particular, to the Health 2020 strategic policy objective of “improving leadership and participatory governance for health”. It is conceived as a living document that will be continually enriched with new examples and analysis.”

ISBN 978 92 890 0043 7

 

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Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region – 2013

Posted on September 18, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region – 2013

Final Report

Executive Summary

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Health 2020. A European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century – WHO – 2013

Posted on August 30, 2013. Filed under: Health Policy | Tags: |

Health 2020. A European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century – WHO – 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0279 0

“In 2012, the WHO Regional Committee for Europe approved Health 2020 in two forms. This publication gives both. The shorter policy framework provides European politicians and policy-makers with Health 2020’s main values and principles, and key strategic advice to support action for health and well-being. The longer policy framework and strategy give more detail in terms of evidence and practice.

It has two strategic objectives, constructed around equity, gender and human rights and improved governance for health. It is aimed at those committed to improving health, well-being and health equity, in a way that is sensitive to each country’s situation and political and organizational circumstances. It is a “living” guide to policies and strategies.

Addressing these questions is as much a political as a scientific endeavour and Health 2020 puts strong emphasis on political commitment, as well as professional expertise and the engagement of civil society. Focused on “solutions”, it offers practical and achievable, yet flexible, policy options capable politically of being successfully implemented in the individual context of each country.”

 

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The World Health Report 2013: Research for Universal Health Coverage – WHO – 15 August 2013

Posted on August 19, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

The World Health Report 2013: Research for Universal Health Coverage – WHO – 15 August 2013

pdf of the full report

Press release

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Health literacy: the solid facts – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

Posted on August 13, 2013. Filed under: Patient Participation | Tags: , |

Health literacy: the solid facts – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

ISBN: 978 92 890 00154

“ABSTRACT
This publication makes the case for policy action to strengthen health literacy. Evidence, including the results of the European Health Literacy Survey, is presented that supports a wider and relational whole-of-society approach to health literacy that considers both an individual’s level of health literacy and the complexities of the contexts within which people act. The data from the European Health Literacy Survey show that nearly half the Europeans surveyed have inadequate or problematic health literacy. Weak health literacy skills are associated with riskier behaviour, poorer health, less self-management and more hospitalization and costs. Strengthening health literacy has been shown to build individual and community resilience, help address health inequities and improve health and well-being. Practical and effective ways public health and other sectoral authorities and advocates can take action to strengthen health literacy in a variety of settings are identified. Specific evidence is presented for educational settings, workplaces, marketplaces, health systems, new and traditional media and political arenas.”

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Guidelines for the Management of Conditions Specifically Related to Stress – WHO – August 2013

Posted on August 8, 2013. Filed under: Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: , , |

Guidelines for the Management of Conditions Specifically Related to Stress – WHO – August 2013

“These WHO mhGAP guidelines were developed to provide recommended management strategies for conditions specifically related to stress, including symptoms of acute stress, post-traumatic stress disorder and bereavement.

The guidelines were developed by an independent Guidelines Development Group and inform a new mhGAP module on the Assessment and Management of Conditions Specifically Related to Stress

Assessment and Management of Conditions Specifically Related to Stress mhGAP Intervention Guide Module – WHO & UNHCR – August 2013

“This new mhGAP module on Conditions Specifically Related to Stress by WHO and UNHCR contains assessment and management advice related to acute stress, post-traumatic stress and grief in non-specialized health settings.

It is an annex to the mhGAP Intervention Guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialized health settings (WHO, 2010).”

mhGAP Intervention Guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialized health settings – WHO – 2010
http://www.who.int/mental_health/publications/mhGAP_intervention_guide/en/index.html

“The mhGAP Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) for mental, neurological and substance use disorders for non-specialist health settings, is a technical tool developed by WHO to assist in implementation of mhGAP. The Intervention Guide has been developed through a systematic review of evidence followed by an international consultative and participatory process.

The mhGAP-IG presents integrated management of priority conditions using protocols for clinical decision-making. The priority conditions included are: depression, psychosis, bipolar disorders, epilepsy, developmental and behavioural disorders in children and adolescents, dementia, alcohol use disorders, drug use disorders, self-harm/suicide and other significant emotional or medically unexplained complaints.

The mhGAP-IG is a model guide and has been developed for use by health-care providers working in non-specialized health-care settings after adaptation for national and local needs.”

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Health literacy: the solid facts – WHO – 2013

Posted on June 28, 2013. Filed under: Patient Participation | Tags: , |

Health literacy: the solid facts – WHO – 2013

“ABSTRACT

This publication makes the case for policy action to strengthen health literacy. Evidence, including the results of the European Health Literacy Survey, is presented that supports a wider and relational whole-of-society approach to health literacy that considers both an individual’s level of health literacy and the complexities of the contexts within which people act. The data from the European Health Literacy Survey show that nearly half the Europeans surveyed have inadequate or problematic health literacy. Weak health literacy skills are associated with riskier behaviour, poorer health, less self-management and more hospitalization and costs. Strengthening health literacy has been shown to build individual and community resilience, help address health inequities and improve health and well-being. Practical and effective ways public health and other sectoral authorities and advocates can take action to strengthen health literacy in a variety of settings are identified. Specific evidence is presented for educational settings, workplaces, marketplaces, health systems, new and traditional media and political arenas.”

ISBN: 978 92 890 00154

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Marketing of foods high in fat, salt and sugar to children: update 2012–2013 – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 18 June 2013

Posted on June 19, 2013. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Dietetics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Marketing of foods high in fat, salt and sugar to children: update 2012–2013 – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 18 June 2013

Media release: Lax marketing regulations contribute to obesity crisis in children

“WHO calls for tighter controls on the marketing to children of foods high in saturated and trans fats, free sugars and salt, in order to fight childhood obesity. Tightening restrictions on marketing is central to this fight, according to a new report from WHO/Europe: “Marketing of foods high in fat, salt and sugar to children”.”

… continues

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World Health Statistics 2013 – WHO – May 2013

Posted on May 16, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

World Health Statistics 2013 – WHO – May 2013

“World Health Statistics 2013 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.

This year, it also includes highlight summaries on the topics of reducing the gaps between the world’s most-advantaged and least-advantaged countries, and on current trends in official development assistance (ODA) for health.”

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Vaccine safety events: managing the communications response – WHO – April 2013

Posted on April 29, 2013. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , , , , , |

Vaccine safety events: managing the communications response – WHO – April 2013

“Managing a country’s immunization programme requires in-depth knowledge of the technical side of vaccination. Increasingly, however, programme managers are also being asked to respond to communications issues caused by real or perceived vaccine-related events (VRE); issues for which they may not have been trained.

This manual provides practical, informative strategies and tools to help plan and manage a communications response following a VRE in a local community, at a national level, or beyond. By reading this manual, immunization programme managers will learn how to use communications strategies and tools to increase public trust and confidence in vaccines, and to minimize the negative impact of VREs.”

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Guide to tailoring immunization programmes (TIP) launched – WHO – 26 April 2013

Posted on April 29, 2013. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , , , |

Guide to tailoring immunization programmes (TIP) launched – WHO – 26 April 2013

“The “Guide to tailoring immunization programmes (TIP)” aims to provide proven methods and tools to assist national immunization programmes (NIPs) design targeted strategies that increase uptake of infant and childhood vaccinations. The Guide provides tools to identify susceptible populations, determine barriers to vaccination and implement evidence-based interventions.

The strategies outlined in this Guide may be used at any time to maintain high coverage rates, but may be particularly valuable when pockets of low vaccination coverage or increased susceptibility to VPDs are identified. The Guide may be used independently by Member States or implemented in conjunction with technical support from the WHO Regional Office for Europe.”

Media release on TIP

TIP infographic

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The changing national role in health system governance. A case-based study of 11 European countries and Australia – WHO – April 2013

Posted on April 22, 2013. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Policy | Tags: |

The changing national role in health system governance. A case-based study of 11 European countries and Australia – WHO – April 2013

“This study of 12 countries provides an overview of recent changes in national governments’ role in the governance of health systems, focusing on efforts to reconfigure responsibilities for health policy, regulation and management; the resultant policy priorities; and the initial impact. The shift in responsibilities shows little uniform direction: a number of countries have centralized certain areas of decision-making or regulation but decentralized others. The study reviews common trends, based on the country cases, and assesses potential future developments.”

ISBN 978 92 890 0003 1

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Exploring patient participation in reducing health-care-related safety risks – WHO – 2013

Posted on March 20, 2013. Filed under: Patient Participation, Patient Safety | Tags: |

Exploring patient participation in reducing health-care-related safety risks – WHO – 2013

Full text

“Laws and declarations on patients’ rights do not automatically make health care safer, but can help to empower patients. Empowered patients can better manage their own health and health care and participate in efforts to improve safety.

This report presents an overview of the legal influences on patient safety and explores the relationship between patients’ rights, patient participation and patient safety. It provides a synthesis of studies of patient involvement, with detailed examples from Bulgaria, France, the Netherlands, Poland and Portugal. It highlights the need to strengthen a continuum of information between various levels of care, including patient experiences, health literacy and engagement. It offers recommendations on the macro, meso and micro levels of health service delivery. By contributing to the wider process of evidence collation, it will help identify efficient ways to build realistic and informed expectations of health care, while encouraging patients to be vigilant and knowledgeable, thus ensuring maximum safety standards.”

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The European health report 2012: charting the way to well-being – WHO – March 2013

Posted on March 14, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

The European health report 2012: charting the way to well-being – WHO – March 2013

“Like its predecessors, the 2012 European health report describes both the overall improvements in health in the WHO European Region and their uneven distribution within and between countries. It breaks new ground, however, by helping both to define well-being, a goal of Europe’s new health policy, Health 2020, and to map the way towards achieving it.

By describing health in Europe, this report provides policy-makers and public health professionals with the epidemiological evidence base that underpins Health 2020 and its six overarching targets. In addition, it sets out the agreed approach to monitoring progress towards Health 2020, outlines the collaborative agenda to address the challenges ahead and makes the case for measuring well-being as a marker of progress in health.”

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Sustaining the drive to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases – WHO – 16 January 2013

Posted on January 21, 2013. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

Sustaining the drive to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases – WHO – 16 January 2013

“WHO reports unprecedented progress against 17 neglected tropical diseases*, thanks to a new global strategy, a regular supply of quality assured, cost-effective medicines and support from global partners. The report Sustaining the drive to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases reveals new momentum has shifted the world closer to the elimination of many of these conditions that take their greatest toll amongst the poor.

Report charts progress against NTDs and sets new targets”

… continues

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Global Burden of Disease 2010 study – WHO – 13 December 2012

Posted on January 3, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

Global Burden of Disease 2010 study – WHO – 13 December 2012

Report in the Lancet 

Global Burden website 

Media release from IHME: Massive shifts reshape the health landscape worldwide – 13 December 2012 [Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation]

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WHO Member States make progress on noncommunicable diseases – 9 November 2012

Posted on November 13, 2012. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

WHO Member States make progress on noncommunicable diseases – 9 November 2012

“The first-ever global monitoring framework to combat several of the world’s biggest killers has been agreed this week by WHO Member States. The framework comprises nine voluntary global targets and 25 indicators to prevent and control diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, chronic lung disease and other noncommunicable diseases. The draft framework aims to focus efforts to address the impact of noncommunicable diseases and assess:

the progress made in reducing associated illness and death;
the reduction of exposures to the main risk factors for the diseases, including tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity; and
the response of national health systems to noncommunicable diseases”

… continues on the site

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Changing Mindsets – Strategy on Health Policy and Systems Research – WHO – 1 November 2012

Posted on November 13, 2012. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Systems Improvement, Research | Tags: |

Changing Mindsets – Strategy on Health Policy and Systems Research – WHO – 1 November 2012

“The World Health Organization has launched the first global strategy on health policy and systems research (HPSR) at the Second Global Symposium on Health Systems Research. This document represents a unique milestone in the evolution of health policy and systems research and has three broad aims.

First, it seeks to unify the worlds of research and decision-making and connect the various disciplines of research that generate knowledge to inform and strengthen health systems. Second, the strategy contributes to a broader understanding of this field by clarifying the scope and role of HPSR. It provides insight into the dynamic processes through which HPSR evidence is generated and used in decision-making. Finally, it is hoped that this strategy will serve as an agent for change and calls for a more prominent role for HPSR at a time when the health systems mandate is evolving towards broader goals of universal health coverage and equity.

This strategy on health policy and systems research is intended to augment and amplify WHO’s previous affirmations on the importance of health research, by explaining how this evolving field is sensitive and responsive to the needs of those who are responsible for the planning and performance of national health systems – decision-makers, health practitioners, citizens and civil society. By doing so, it does not move away from the field of health research – it aims to move the field ahead.”

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Atlas of health and climate launches new collaboration between public health and meteorological communities – WHO – 29 October 2012

Posted on October 30, 2012. Filed under: Climate Change, Health Status | Tags: |

Atlas of health and climate launches new collaboration between public health and meteorological communities – WHO – 29 October 2012

Atlas provides maps, tables and graphs showing links between health and climate

“As the world’s climate continues to change, hazards to human health are increasing. The Atlas of health and climate, published today jointly by WHO and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), illustrates some of the most pressing current and emerging challenges.

Droughts, floods and cyclones affect the health of millions of people each year. Climate variability and extreme conditions such as floods can also trigger epidemics of diseases such as diarrhoea, malaria, dengue and meningitis, which cause death and suffering for many millions more. The Atlas gives practical examples of how the use of weather and climate information can protect public health.”

… continues on the site

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WHO Global tuberculosis report 2012 – 17 October 2012

Posted on October 23, 2012. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , , |

WHO Global tuberculosis report 2012 – 17 October 2012

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Is social capital good for health? A European perspective – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2012

Posted on October 22, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , , , , |

Is social capital good for health? A European perspective – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2012

ISBN 978-92-890-0273-8
Lorenzo Rocco, University of Padua, Italy
Marc Suhrcke, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom

“Abstract
The aim of the research reported here was to examine the causal impact of social capital on health in 14 European countries. Using data from the European Social Survey for 14 European countries, supplemented by regional-level data, the authors studied whether individual and/or community-level social capital positively affects health. The authors controlled for other relevant factors that are also expected to affect health, and addressed – via an instrumental variable approach – the challenge of assessing causality in the relationship between social capital and health. The large variance of the error term due to measurement errors calls for strong instruments to obtain reliable estimates in a finite  sample. The dataset is rich enough in information to allow the finding of a seemingly strong causal relationship between social capital and individual health. Community social capital (defined at regional level) appears not to affect health once individual-level social capital is controlled for. Taken at face value, the findings suggest that policy interventions should be targeted at improving primarily individual social capital. In doing so they would achieve a double effect: on the one hand they would directly improve individual health; on the other they would contribute to  community social capital, which reinforces the beneficial role of individual social capital.”

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Health 2020: a European policy framework supporting action across government and society for health and well-being – WHO – September 2012

Posted on October 5, 2012. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Health 2020: a European policy framework supporting action across government and society for health and well-being – WHO – September 2012

“The 53 Member States in the WHO European Region have agreed on a new common policy framework – Health 2020. Their shared goals are to “significantly improve the health and wellbeing of populations, reduce health inequalities, strengthen public health and ensure people-centred health systems that are universal, equitable, sustainable and of high quality.” “

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Accelerating work to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases – A roadmap for implementation – WHO – 2012

Posted on September 27, 2012. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

Accelerating work to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases – A roadmap for implementation – WHO – 2012

WHO Director-General addresses health officials in the Western Pacific – Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General of the World Health – 24 September Organization – 2012

Seven neglected tropical diseases set for elimination – WHO – 26 September 2012

“HANOI, 26 September 2012—The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a road map to help countries in the Western Pacific Region banish neglected tropical diseases to the pages of history.”

… continues

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Governance for health in the 21st century – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2012

Posted on September 27, 2012. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning | Tags: |

Governance for health in the 21st century – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2012

isbn 978 92 890 0274 5

Abstract

“A range of collaborative governance mechanisms has developed in many policy arenas in the past decade. The study on governance for health in the 21st century tracks governance innovations that have been introduced to address priority determinants of health and summarizes them as five strategic approaches to smart governance for health. The study relates the emergence of joint action of the health sector and non-health sectors, of public and private actors and of citizens to achieve seminal changes in 21st-century societies. They include a new understanding of health and well-being as key features of what constitutes a successful society and vibrant economy and the higher value placed on equity and participation. The study further describes the type of structures and mechanisms that enable collaboration and outlines the new role that health ministers and ministries and public health agencies need to adopt in such a challenging policy environment.”

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The strategic use of antiretrovirals to help end the HIV epidemic – WHO – 18 July 2012

Posted on July 19, 2012. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

The strategic use of antiretrovirals to help end the HIV epidemic – WHO – 18 July 2012

“Overview

The paper does not in itself constitute a WHO guidance document, even though it summarizes existing WHO guidelines related to antiretroviral (ARV) use, highlights progress in the Treatment 2.0 initiative, and outlines the next steps in WHO’s normative work related to ARV use. The report is organized as follows:

Section 1: Executive summary
Section 2: Big achievements and huge opportunities
Section 3: Using antiretrovirals strategically and effectively: An incremental approach
Section 4: Making the most of the new opportunities
Section 5: Moving forward: WHO’s strategic approaches
Section 6: Conclusions”

Media release: ‘Strategic use’ of HIV medicines could help end transmission of virus

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WHO HIV drug resistance report 2012 – 18 July 2012

Posted on July 19, 2012. Filed under: Infectious Diseases, Pharmacy | Tags: , |

WHO HIV drug resistance report 2012 – 18 July 2012

ISBN: 978 92 4 150393 8

“Overview

This report assesses the general levels of transmitted and acquired drug resistance in select geographical areas of low- and middle-income countries. It is based on two distinct data sources: surveys performed to assess transmitted and acquired drug resistance using standardized WHO methods (WHO surveys) and a broad systematic review of the published literature on transmitted and acquired drug resistance. Findings from the monitoring of early warning indicators of HIV drug resistance are also presented and discussed. This report is organized as follows.”

… continues on the site

Media release: WHO: HIV drug resistance is present but can be managed

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Severe complications of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by EV-71 in Cambodia – conclusion of the joint investigation – WHO – 13 July 2012

Posted on July 17, 2012. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: |

Severe complications of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by EV-71 in Cambodia – conclusion of the joint investigation – WHO – 13 July 2012

“The investigation into the illnesses and deaths in Cambodia, which mainly affected very young children, concluded that a severe form of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) was the cause in the majority of cases reported to the Ministry of Health.

Samples from a total of 31 patients were obtained and tested for a number of pathogens by Institut Pasteur du Cambodge. Most of these samples tested positive for enterovirus 71 (EV-71) which causes HFMD. A small proportion of samples also tested positive for other pathogens including Haemophilus Influenzae type B and Streptococcus suis. It was not possible to test all the patients as some of them died before appropriate samples could be taken.”

… continues

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National eHealth Strategy Toolkit- WHO and the International Telecommunication Union – 2012

Posted on July 17, 2012. Filed under: Health Informatics | Tags: , , |

National eHealth Strategy Toolkit- WHO and the International Telecommunication Union – 2012

ISBN 978 92 4 154846 5 (WHO)
ISBN 978 92 61 14051 9 (ITU)

“Worldwide, the application of information and communication technologies to support national health-care services is rapidly expanding and increasingly important. This is especially so at a time when all health systems face stringent economic challenges and greater demands to provide more and better care, especially to those most in need.

The National eHealth Strategy Toolkit is an expert, practical guide that provides governments, their ministries and stakeholders with a solid foundation and method for the development and implementation of a national eHealth vision, action plan and monitoring framework. All countries, whatever their level of development, can adapt the Toolkit to suit their own circumstances.

Representing one of the most significant collaborations in recent years between the World Health Organization and the International Telecommunication Union, the Toolkit is a landmark in understanding what eHealth is, what it can do, and why and how it should be applied to health care today.”

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Undiagnosed illness in Cambodia – WHO Global Alert and Response – 4 July 2012

Posted on July 5, 2012. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

Undiagnosed illness in Cambodia – WHO Global Alert and Response – 4 July 2012

“The Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Cambodia has notified WHO of an outbreak of an undiagnosed illness which has affected 62 children, of which 61 have died since April 2012.

The majority of cases were from the southern part of the country, and were hospitalised in a children’s hospital in Phnom Penh. The symptoms observed are high fever, followed by respiratory and/or neurologic symptoms with rapid deterioration of respiratory functions.

WHO is working with the Ministry and other partners to investigate the outbreak, to identify the cause and source of the illness. Assistance is being provided in the area of field epidemiology and active case finding.”

More
http://www.geostrategicforecasting.com/proedr-undiagnosed-illness-fatal-child/

http://rendezvous.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/04/whats-killing-cambodias-children/

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20120704.1190037

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People with drug dependence need better access to health care – WHO – 26 June 2012

Posted on June 27, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

People with drug dependence need better access to health care – WHO – 26 June 2012

Resources for the Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders

WHO maps treatment and prevention resources in 147 countries

“26 June 2012 | Geneva – Most people with drug use disorders do not receive effective treatment and care, according to a new WHO information system that, for the first time, provides details on the resources allocated to the prevention and treatment of alcohol and drug-related problems in 147 countries. Until now, drug dependence has not been recognized as a health problem in many countries and stigma and discrimination associated with drug dependence have been major barriers to appropriate treatment.”

… continues

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Measuring Health System Progress in Reducing Mortality from Noncommunicable Diseases – RAND – May 2012

Posted on May 31, 2012. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt | Tags: , , , , |

Measuring Health System Progress in Reducing Mortality from Noncommunicable Diseases – RAND – May 2012

by   Soeren Mattke, Jack C. Chow

“Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) place a heavy burden on developing countries, whose relatively recent adoption of Western-style health behaviors and lifestyle choices has led to increased prevalence of risk factors for NCDs over the past decade. NCDs are compounding the burden of infectious disease on health systems in those countries. In response, the World Health Organization (WHO) has launched several risk reduction initiatives. WHO is drafting a monitoring framework and voluntary targets as the basis for a consultation process with member states. However, the indicators and targets that a global consultation process will produce will inevitably provide high-level, aggregated information, such as progress toward reducing premature NCD mortality. Regional and national decisionmakers and planners, on the other hand, will need more proximal and granular information to track progress toward high-level goals and will be constrained by the resources and demands in their respective jurisdictions. The relative importance of different risk factors and manifest NCDs differs across countries, and so do health systems’ capabilities and resources. Thus, national and regional decisionmakers will need: (1) a comprehensive set of indicators to guide on-the-ground prioritization decisions and track progress toward high-level targets and (2) actionable data to predict the impact of changes in proximal indicators on high-level targets. As a first step, this occasional paper outlines a roadmap toward a comprehensive system for national and regional decisionmakers to (1) track progress toward the key WHO goal of reducing NCD mortality by 25 percent by 2025 and (2) prioritize resources and interventions to achieve that goal.”

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65th World Health Assembly closes with new global health measures – WHO – 26 May 2012

Posted on May 28, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

65th World Health Assembly closes with new global health measures – WHO – 26 May 2012

Extracts [heavily edited] from the News release

“Geneva – The Sixty-fifth World Health Assembly concluded Saturday after adopting 21 resolutions and three decisions on a broad range of health issues. The six days of discussions involved nearly 3000 delegates, including health ministers and senior health officials from amongst the 194 WHO Member States, as well as representatives from civil society and other stakeholders.

The agenda covered some of the biggest challenges and opportunities facing public health today.

The resolutions and decisions adopted by the Member States include:
Early marriages and young pregnancies:  …
Humanitarian emergencies: …
International Health Regulations: …
Mass gatherings:  …
Millennium Development Goals:  …
Noncommunicable diseases: The Health Assembly adopted several resolutions and decisions on noncommunicable diseases (NCDs):   …
Occupied Palestinian territory:   …
Pandemic influenza preparedness:   …
Intensification of the global polio eradication initiative:   …
Research and development:   …
Schistosomiasis:   …
Social determinants of health:  …
Substandard/spurious/falsely-labelled/falsified/counterfeit medical products:   …

Progress reports: The delegates also received progress reports in six areas: strengthening of health systems; disease eradication, prevention and control; reproductive health; food safety initiatives; climate change and health; partnerships and multilingualism.”

… continues on the site

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World Health Statistics 2012 – WHO – May 2012

Posted on May 28, 2012. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

World Health Statistics 2012 – WHO – May 2012

“World Health Statistics 2012 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.

This year, it also includes highlight summaries on the topics of noncommunicable diseases, universal health coverage and civil registration coverage.”

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Embedding of research into decision-making processes – WHO Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research – April 2012

Posted on May 23, 2012. Filed under: Evidence Based Practice, Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Policy, Knowledge Translation, Research | Tags: |

Embedding of research into decision-making processes – WHO Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research – April 2012

Adam D Koon, Devaki Nambiar, Krishna D Rao

Background paper commissioned by the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research to develop the WHO Health Systems  Research Strategy

“Objectives
This study is concerned with the uptake of research evidence in policy decisions for health and the factors which are conducive for this. Specifically, this study seeks to:

(a) Present a conceptual understanding of institutional embeddedness and apply it to the context of research in policy making in health. Further, through a review of the literature, document the institutional arrangements that facilitate the embedding of research use in the policy-making domain.

(b) Present country case studies to illustrate the embeddedness of research use in policy-making and the contextual and institutional factors that create enabling conditions for it.

We examine these questions from the perspective of the six WHO building blocks – service delivery, health workforce, information, medical products, financing and governance. Information is sourced from the existing literature and from country case studies.

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World health statistics 2012 report – WHO – 16 May 2012

Posted on May 17, 2012. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Status | Tags: , |

World health statistics 2012 report – WHO – 16 May 2012

“The World health statistics 2012 report, released today, puts the spotlight on the growing problem of the noncommunicable diseases burden.

One in three adults worldwide, according to the report, has raised blood pressure – a condition that causes around half of all deaths from stroke and heart disease. One in 10 adults has diabetes.

“This report is further evidence of the dramatic increase in the conditions that trigger heart disease and other chronic illnesses, particularly in low- and middle-income countries,” says Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General of WHO. “In some African countries, as much as half the adult population has high blood pressure.”

For the first time, the World Health Organization’s annual statistics report includes information from 194 countries on the percentage of men and women with raised blood pressure and blood glucose levels.”

… continues

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Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey – WHO/Europe – 2 May 2012

Posted on May 4, 2012. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status | Tags: , , |

Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey – WHO/Europe – 2 May 2012

“Through this international report on the results of its most recent survey, the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study supplies the up-to-date information needed by policy-makers at various levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, and professionals in sectors such as health, education, social services, justice and recreation.

The latest addition to a series of HBSC reports on young people’s health, this report presents findings from the 2009/2010 survey on the demographic and social influences on the health of young people (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) in 43 countries and regions in the WHO European Region and North America. Responding to the survey, the young people described their social context (relations with family, peers and school), physical health and satisfaction with life, health behaviours (patterns of eating, tooth brushing and physical activity) and risk behaviours (use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, sexual behaviour, fighting and bullying). Statistical analyses were carried out to identify meaningful differences in the prevalence of health and social indicators by gender, age group and levels of family affluence.

The aim was to provide a rigorous, systematic statistical base for describing cross-national patterns, in terms of the magnitude and direction of differences between subgroups, thus contributing to a better understanding of the social determinants of health and well-being among young people, and providing the means to help protect and promote their health.”

Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6
ISBN 978 92 890 1423 6

Key findings and five fact sheets

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC)

Media release:      What we publish – WHO report reveals teenagers do not get a fair deal on health

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Health system performance comparison: an agenda for policy, information and research – WHO on behalf of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies – 2012

Posted on May 3, 2012. Filed under: Health Policy | Tags: , , , |

Health system performance comparison: an agenda for policy, information and research – WHO on behalf of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies – 2012

by Peter C. Smith, Irene Papanicolas

“Policy issue
• International health system performance comparisons have the potential to provide a rich source of evidence as well as policy influence.
• Country comparisons that are not conducted with properly validated measures and unbiased policy interpretations may prompt adverse policy impacts and so caution is required in the selection of indicators, the methodologies used, and the interpretations made.”

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization Special Theme: e-health – May 2012

Posted on May 2, 2012. Filed under: Health Informatics | Tags: , |

Bulletin of the World Health Organization Special Theme: e-health – May 2012

“This theme issue has three main objectives, as explained in a call for papers published in June 2011:
• to provide an authoritative, critical and independent overview of current knowledge about appropriate, trans-disciplinary methods and applications in e-health;
• to include contributors from developing countries, who seldom have the opportunity to publish in international journals;
• to strengthen the commitment of high-level decision-makers to address e-health interoperability issues and seek to widened the application of e-health.”

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Improving Equity in Health by Addressing Social Determinants – WHO – 2011

Posted on April 27, 2012. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Improving Equity in Health by Addressing Social Determinants – WHO – 2011

Edited by: The Commission on Social Determinants of Health Knowledge Networks, Jennifer H. Lee and Ritu Sadana
ISBN 978 92 4 150303 7

Extracts from the Preface

“During its tenure, the Commission on Social Determinants of Health focused on nine broad areas that contain within them major determinants of health. To support this work, theWorld Health Organization (WHO) invited leading academics, practitioners and advocates from a variety of disciplines and sectors to participate in Knowledge Networks (KN): early child development, employment conditions, globalization, women and gender equity, urban settings, priority public health conditions, measurement and evidence, social exclusion, and health systems. More than 350 individuals from around the world contributed to a tremendous body of literature for the
Commission.”

“In September 2011, WHO organized theWorld Conference on Social Determinants of Health, hosted by the Government of Brazil. Participating Member States adopted the Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health pledging to work towards reducing health inequities by taking action on five core areas:
adopt better governance for health and development
promote participation in policy-making and implementation
reorient the health sector towards reducing health inequities
strengthen global governance and collaboration
monitor progress and increase accountability.

Actions to reduce health inequities using methods consistent with these principles are synthesized across this book. There is a renewed commitment to achieve health equity and now is the opportunity to act.”

Chapters

1. Strengthening efforts to improve health equity
2. Globalization: the global marketplace and social determinants of health
3. Gender inequity in health
4. Social exclusion and health inequalities: definitions, policies and actions
5. Early child development: a powerful equilizer
6. Urban settings: our cities, our health, our future
7. Employment and working conditions as health determinants
8. Challenging inequity through health systems
9. Reducing health inequities through public health programmes
10. Measuring the social determinants of health: theoretical and empirical challenges
11. The way forward: acting on the evidence and filling knowledge gaps”

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Dementia: A Public Health Priority – WHO and Alzheimer’s Disease International – 11 April 2012

Posted on April 11, 2012. Filed under: Aged Care / Geriatrics, Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: , |

Dementia: A Public Health Priority – WHO and Alzheimer’s Disease International – 11 April 2012

Full text of the report    ISBN 978 92 4 156445 8

“New Report Calls on Nations to Recognise Dementia as a Public Health Crisis

A report released today by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) issues a strong call for action to governments, policymakers and other stakeholders to make dementia a global public health priority.

This new report provides the most authoritative overview of the impact of dementia worldwide. In addition to valuable best practices and practical case studies from around the world, it contains the most comprehensive collection of data, including hard-to-get statistics from low- and middle-income countries, thereby dramatically underscoring that this is truly a global problem and not just a “disease of the industrial world.”

The incidence of dementia is exploding in line with the rapid growth in ageing populations worldwide, the most profound socio-economic phenomenon of this century. The number of people living with dementia worldwide, estimated at 35.6 million in 2010, is set to nearly double every 20 years, reaching 65.7 million in 2030 and 115.4 million in 2050.”

… continues on the site

Other links

WHO Media Centre – Dementia Fact Sheet No 362 April 2012

WHO – 10 facts on dementia – April 2012

SeniorAU.com.au media release – 10 April 2012

Alzheimer Europe

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​Compendium of new and emerging health technologies – WHO – 2011

Posted on March 21, 2012. Filed under: Health Technology Assessment | Tags: |

Compendium of new and emerging health technologies – WHO – 2011

“The compendium of new and emerging technologies that address global health concerns has been created as a neutral platform for technologies which are likely to be suitable for use in low-resource settings. It is released to encourage the dialogue between ministries of health, procurement offi cers, donors, technology developers, manufacturers, clinicians, academics and the general public. In doing so, WHO aims at raising awareness of the pressing need for appropriate design solutions, and for further development and technology dissemination.

The compendium 2011 is a first snapshot of several health technologies which might have the potential to improve health
outcomes or to offer a solution to an unmet medical need in low-resource settings. The compendium specifi cally focuses on
innovative technologies that are not yet widely available in developing countries, and product concepts under way.

Technologies in the compendium are presented in one page summarizing the health problem addressed, the proposed solution and product specifi cations, based on data and information provided by the developers of the technologies concerned.”

… continues

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Background Paper on Conceptual Issues Related to Health Systems Research to Inform a WHO Global Strategy on Health Systems Research – 29 February 2012

Posted on March 20, 2012. Filed under: Evidence Based Practice, Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Systems Improvement, Research | Tags: , |

Background Paper on Conceptual Issues Related to Health Systems Research to Inform a WHO Global Strategy on Health Systems Research – 29 February 2012

Steven J. Hoffman et al

“This paper was commissioned to provide a conceptual underpinning for the WHO Global Strategy on Health Systems Research that is currently under development. It reviews existing definitions, terms, conceptual models, taxonomies, standards, methods and research designs which describe the scope of health systems research as well as the barriers and opportunities that flow from them. It addresses each of the five main goals of the WHO Strategy on Research for Health, including organization, priorities, capacity, standards and translation.1 Any feedback would be greatly appreciated and can be sent by email to Steven Hoffman (hoffmans@mcmaster.ca).”

“Abstract
Health systems research is widely recognized as essential for strengthening health systems, getting cost-effective treatments to those who need them, and achieving better health status around the world. However, there is significant ambiguity and confusion in this field’s characteristics, boundaries, definition and methods. Adding to this ambiguity are major conceptual barriers to the production, reproduction, translation and implementation of health systems research relating to both the complexity of health systems and research involving them. These include challenges with generalizability, comparativity, applicability, transferability, standards, priority-setting and community diversity. Three promising opportunities exist to mitigate these barriers and strengthen the important contributions of health systems research. First, health systems research can be supported as a field of scientific endeavour, with a shared language, rigorous interdisciplinary approaches, cross-jurisdictional learning and an international society. Second, national capacity for health systems research can be strengthened at the individual, organizational and system levels. Third, health systems research can be embedded as a core function of every health system. Addressing these conceptual barriers and supporting the field of health systems research promises to both strengthen health systems around the world and improve global health outcomes.”

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The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance – options for action – World Health Organization – 8 March 2012

Posted on March 9, 2012. Filed under: Infectious Diseases, Pharmacy | Tags: , |

The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance – options for action – World Health Organization – 8 March 2012

ISBN 978 92 4 150318 1

“This publication has been produced by the WHO Patient Safety Programme as part of its solid commitment to promoting safer care worldwide. It is the result of an international consultation process started in 2008, which gathered input from over 50 international experts in the field of antimicrobial resistance.”

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Health policy and systems research: a methodology reader – WHO – 2012

Posted on February 27, 2012. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Policy | Tags: |

Health policy and systems research: a methodology reader – WHO – 2012

edited by Lucy Gibson   ISBN 978 92 4 150313 6

“What does this Reader offer?

Health Policy and Systems Research (HPSR) is often criticized for lacking rigour, providing a weak basis for generalization of its findings and, therefore, offering limited value for policy-makers. This Reader aims to address these concerns through supporting action to strengthen the quality of HPSR.

The Reader is primarily for researchers and research users, teachers and students, particularly those working in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It provides guidance on the defining features of HPSR and the critical steps in conducting research in this field. It showcases the diverse range of research strategies and methods encompassed by HPSR, and it provides examples of good quality and innovative HPSR papers.

The production of the Reader was commissioned by the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (the Alliance) and it will complement its other investments in methodology development and postgraduate training.”

… continues

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Environmental health inequalities in Europe. Assessment report – WHO – 2012

Posted on February 17, 2012. Filed under: Environmental Health, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Environmental health inequalities in Europe. Assessment report – WHO – 2012

xiv + 192 pages   ISBN 978 92 890 0260 8

“The unequal distribution of people’s exposure to – and potentially of disease resulting from – environmental conditions is strongly related to a range of sociodemographic determinants. Interventions to tackle such environmental health inequalities need to be based on an assessment of their magnitude and on the identification of population groups that are most exposed or most vulnerable to environmental risks. But data are scarce.

To address this gap, and follow up on the commitments made at the Fifth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in Parma, Italy in 2010, the WHO Regional Office for Europe has carried out a baseline assessment of the magnitude of environmental health inequality in the European Region based on a core set of 14 inequality indicators.

The main findings indicate that socioeconomic and demographic inequalities in risk exposure are present in all countries, though they vary from country to country. The report reviews inequalities related to housing, injuries, and the environment, identifies gaps in evidence that still need to be filled, and suggests priority action to be taken at both the subregional and the national level, bearing in mind those national variations.”

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Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health – WHO – 21 October 2011

Posted on October 24, 2011. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health – WHO – 21 October 2011

“The Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health expresses global political commitment for the implementation of a social determinants of health approach to reduce health inequities and to achieve other global priorities. It will help to build momentum within WHO Member States for the development of dedicated national action plans and strategies.

Download the Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health – 21 October 2011   pdf, 636kb

Process of development

On 15 August 2011, the text was circulated to Geneva-based Permanent Missions of Member States. The first meeting of Member States, convened by the Government of Brazil, was held at WHO headquarters on 7 September, 2011. This was followed by a series of informal consultations attended by representatives of Permanent Missions. The text of the declaration was finalized during the conference in Rio de Janeiro on 19-21 October, 2011.”

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Implementation research for the control of infectious diseases of poverty – WHO – 17 October 2011

Posted on October 20, 2011. Filed under: Infectious Diseases, Knowledge Translation | Tags: |

Implementation research for the control of infectious diseases of poverty – WHO – 17 October 2011

“Strengthening the evidence base for the access and delivery of new and improved tools, strategies and interventions

ISBN:  978 92 4 150262 7
 
Summary

This report shows how implementation research can increase access to health interventions in low and middle income countries. It explains how it can be used to strengthen health systems, improve patient safety, expand community-based interventions and local implementation capacity, and improve the outcomes of public-private partnerships and global health initiatives. The report provides numerous case studies and a “roadmap for action” on how to better use this research field. More than 120 people from across the globe came together for this project, with the goal of defining the value of implementation research and highlighting the gaps in this area. Researchers, implementers, scientists and representatives from product development partnerships (PDPs) attended an initial meeting organized in conjunction with the Ministry of Health of Uganda in Kampala, 28-30 June 2010. They provided critical input and analysis into a draft outline of the issues, which was then further developed by a team of authors from low, middle and high income countries, who provide a rich variety of perspectives and experiences.”

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Mental Health Atlas 2011 – WHO – October 2011

Posted on October 17, 2011. Filed under: Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: |

Mental Health Atlas 2011 – WHO – October 2011

“Overview

The WHO Mental Health Atlas 2011 represents the latest estimate of global mental health resources available to prevent and treat mental disorders and help protect the human rights of people living with these conditions.

It presents data from 184 WHO Member States, covering 98% of the world’s population. Facts and figures presented in Atlas indicate that resources for mental health remain inadequate.

The distribution of resources across regions and income groups is substantially uneven and in many countries resources are extremely scarce. Results from Atlas reinforce the urgent need to scale up resources and care for mental health within countries.”

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Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, WHO – PMNCH 2011 Report – 20 September 2011

Posted on September 28, 2011. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics | Tags: |

Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, WHO  – PMNCH 2011 Report – 20 September 2011

“Foreword

On behalf of the board and secretariat of The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH), we are pleased to introduce this 2011 report, Analysing Commitments to Advance the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health.

This report seeks to further our collective understanding of the current Global Strategy commitments, facilitating more effective advocacy to advance the Every Woman, Every Child effort, as well as greater accountability in line with the recommendations of the Commission on Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health.

This 2011 report is based on structured interviews with those who made commitments, supplemented by reviews of related documentation. This report analyses the specific nature of each commitment recorded through May 2011 to produce a preliminary picture of the achievements of the Global Strategy commitments to date, as well as to identify opportunities and challenges for advancement.

It has been only a year since the Global Strategy was launched and the first commitments were made. This report does not attempt to present a comprehensive picture of progress, nor is it mandated to do so. Rather, our goal is to spark discussion to inform future reporting and analysis, taking the view that accountability cannot start too early.”

… continues on the site

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Scaling up action against noncommunicable diseases: How much will it cost? WHO report 2011 – released September 2011

Posted on September 21, 2011. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Scaling up action against noncommunicable diseases: How much will it cost? WHO report 2011 – released September 2011
“Overview
The report describes a financial planning tool for scaling up delivery of a set of cost-effective population-based and individual-level health care interventions in low- and middle-income countries. This tool can be used to forecast financial resource needs at national or sub-national level and also to generate a price tag at global level. It will enhance traditional budgeting mechanisms in countries and provide information to development agencies and international institutions on the resources needed to address the growing burden of NCDs.”

Media report – UN General Assembly announces historic commitment to fight noncommunicable diseases 

Media report – New WHO study details low-cost solutions to help curb the tide on noncommunicable diseases
Strategies to prevent and treat cancer, heart disease, diabetes and lung disease for just US$ 1.20 per person per year

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Governance for health in the 21st century: a study conducted for the WHO Regional Office for Europe – 18 August 2011

Posted on September 20, 2011. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning | Tags: , |

Governance for health in the 21st century: a study conducted for the WHO Regional Office for Europe – 18 August 2011

Extract from the executive summary:

“In this study, ‘governance for health’ is defined as the attempts of governments or other actors to steer communities, countries or groups of countries in the pursuit of health as integral to wellbeing through both a ‘whole-of-government’ and a ‘whole-of-society’ approach. It positions health and well-being as key features of what constitutes a successful society and a vibrant economy in the 21st century and grounds policies and approaches in values such as human rights and equity. Governance for health promotes joint action of health and non-health sectors, of public and private actors and of citizens for a common interest. It requires a synergistic set of policies, many of which reside in sectors other than health as well as sectors outside of government, which must be supported by structures and mechanisms that enable collaboration. It gives strong legitimacy to health ministers and ministries and to public health agencies, to help them reach out and perform new roles in shaping policies to promote health and wellbeing.”

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Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2011. WHO global report – September 2011

Posted on September 16, 2011. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Status | Tags: |

Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2011. WHO global report – September 2011

Media release 

ISBN: 9789241502283

“Overview

The report features information about the noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) situation in 193 countries. This includes details of what proportion of each country’s deaths are due to diseases such as cancer, heart and lung diseases, and diabetes.

Using graphs, on a page-per country presentation format, the report provides information on prevalence, trends in metabolic risk factors (cholesterol, blood pressure, body mass index and blood sugar) alongside data on the country’s capacity to address the challenges posed by NCDs. Countries will be able to benchmark progress to date and determine where more efforts are needed.”

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Hospital emergency response checklist. An all-hazards tool for hospital administrators and emergency managers – WHO – 2011

Posted on August 23, 2011. Filed under: Disaster Management | Tags: |

Hospital emergency response checklist. An all-hazards tool for hospital administrators and emergency managers – WHO –  2011
“Hospitals play a critical role in providing communities with essential medical care during all types of disaster. Depending on their scope and nature, disasters can lead to a rapidly increasing service demand that can overwhelm the functional capacity and safety of hospitals and the health-care system at large. The World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe has developed the Hospital emergency response checklist to assist hospital administrators and emergency managers in responding effectively to the most likely disaster scenarios. This tool comprises current hospital-based emergency management principles and best practices and integrates priority action required for rapid, effective response to a critical event based on an all-hazards approach. The tool is structured according to nine key components, each with a list of  priority action to support hospital managers and emergency planners in achieving: (1) continuity of essential services; (2) well-coordinated implementation of hospital operations at every level; (3) clear and accurate internal and external communication; (4) swift adaptation to increased demands; (5) the effective use of scarce resources; and (6) a safe environment for health-care workers. References to selected supplemental tools, guidelines and other applicable resources are provided. The principles and recommendations included in this tool may be used by hospitals at any level of emergency preparedness. The checklist is intended to complement existing multisectoral hospital emergency management plans and, when possible, augment standard operating procedures during non-crisis situations.”

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Palliative care for older people: better practices – WHO – 2011

Posted on August 4, 2011. Filed under: Palliative Care | Tags: |

Palliative care for older people: better practices – WHO – 2011

Edited by Sue Hall, Hristina Petkova, Agis D. Tsouros, Massimo Costantini and Irene J. Higginson
2011, viii + 59 pages
ISBN 978 92 890 0224 0

“Populations around the world are ageing and more people are living with the effects of serious chronic illness towards the end of life. This publication provides examples of better palliative care practices, from or relevant to the WHO European Region, that range from a whole health system perspective down to individual examples of better education or support in the community and elsewhere. While some examples remain to be fully evaluated, they will nevertheless help policy-makers, decision-makers, planners and multidisciplinary professionals to plan and support the most appropriate and effective services for the care and quality of life of older people.”

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Report on the Burden of Endemic Health Care-Associated Infection Worldwide: Clean Care is Safer Care. A systematic review of the literature – WHO – 2011

Posted on August 1, 2011. Filed under: Infectious Diseases, Patient Safety | Tags: |

Report on the Burden of Endemic Health Care-Associated Infection Worldwide: Clean Care is Safer Care.  A systematic review of the literature – WHO – 2011

ISBN 978 92 4 150150 7
Developed by the Clean Care is Safer Care Team (Patient Safety Programme – Innovation,  Information, Evidence and Research Cluster).

Extract from the summary:

“Health care-associated infection (HCAI) is acquired by patients while receiving care and represents the most frequent adverse event. However, the global burden remains unknown because of the difficulty to gather reliable data. In many settings, from hospitals to ambulatory and long-term care, HCAI appears to be a hidden, cross-cutting problem that no institution or country can claim to have solved yet. HCAI surveillance is complex and requires the use of standardized criteria, availability of diagnostic facilities and expertise to conduct it and interpret the results. Surveillance systems for HCAI exist in several high-income countries but are virtually nonexistent in most low- and middle-income countries.

Data included in this report are the results of systematic reviews of the literature on endemic HCAI from 1995 to 2010 in high- and low/ middle-income countries. According to published national or multicentre studies, pooled HCAI prevalence in mixed patient populations was 7.6% in high-income countries. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) estimated that 4 131 000 patients are affected by approximately 4 544 100 episodes of HCAI every year in Europe. The estimated HCAI incidence rate in the USA was 4.5% in 2002, corresponding to 9.3 infections per 1000 patient-days and 1.7 million affected patients.”  … continues

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International travel and health – WHO – 2011 Edition

Posted on May 18, 2011. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

International travel and health – WHO – 2011 Edition

This report provides information on health risks for travellers.

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World Health Statistics 2011 – WHO

Posted on May 18, 2011. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

World Health Statistics 2011 – WHO

“World Health Statistics 2011 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 193 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.”

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World unites to halt death and injury on roads – WHO – 6 May 2011

Posted on May 9, 2011. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

World unites to halt death and injury on roads – WHO

Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 set to save millions of lives

News release 6 May 2011 | Geneva – “On 11 May, dozens of countries around the world kick off the first global Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020. From New Zealand to Mexico and the Russian Federation to South Africa, governments are committing to take new steps to save lives on their roads. The Decade seeks to prevent road traffic deaths and injuries which experts project will take the lives of 1.9 million people annually by 2020.”
…continues on the site

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Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010 – WHO – April 2011

Posted on April 29, 2011. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010 – WHO – April 2011

Description of the global burden of NCDs, their risk factors and determinants

Editors: World Health Organization
Number of pages: 176
Publication date: April 2011
ISBN: 978 92 4 156422 9

“Overview of the Global status report on NCDs

This report sets out the statistics, evidence and experiences needed to launch a more forceful response to the growing threat posed by noncommunicable diseases. While advice and recommendations are universally relevant, the report gives particular attention to conditions in low- and middle-income countries, which now bear nearly 80% of the burden from diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. The health consequences of the worldwide epidemic of obesity are also addressed.

The report takes an analytical approach, using global, regional and country-specific data to document the magnitude of the problem, project future trends, and assess the factors contributing to these trends. As noted, the epidemic of these diseases is being driven by powerful forces now touching every region of the world: demographic ageing, rapid unplanned urbanization, and the globalization of unhealthy lifestyles. While many chronic conditions develop slowly, changes in lifestyles and behaviours are occurring with a stunning speed and sweep.”

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Landmark agreement improves global preparedness for influenza pandemics – WHO – 17 April 2011

Posted on April 21, 2011. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

Landmark agreement improves global preparedness for influenza pandemics – WHO – 17 April 2011

17 April 2011 | Geneva – “After a week of negotiations continued through Friday night and into Saturday morning, an open-ended working-group meeting of Member States successfully agreed upon a framework to ensure that in a pandemic, influenza virus samples will be shared with partners who need the information to take steps to protect public health.

The working-group meeting was convened under the authority of the World Health Assembly and coordinated by WHO.”

…continues on the site

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Assessing System Performance for Health Governance – WHO – 28 February 2011

Posted on March 29, 2011. Filed under: Clin Governance / Risk Mgmt / Quality, Health Policy | Tags: , , |

Assessing System Performance for Health Governance – WHO – 28 February 2011

“The Tallinn Charter (2008) stresses the importance of fostering transparency and accountability on the basis of progress against measurable results. It commits each Member State to strive to enhance the performance of its health system to achieve the goal of improved health on an equitable basis. The analysis of performance for informed decision-making on policy is a central theme of the Charter, linked closely to the message of moving “from values to action”. Countries honouring this commitment will have acted to measure, analyse and publicly report on the performance of their health systems and/or the effects of specific reform measures (Interim report on implementation of the Tallinn Charter, WHO 2011).”

One of the working papers from the first meeting of the European Health Policy Forum

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Tallinn Charter: Health Systems for Health and Wealth. Interim report on implementation of the Tallinn Charter – WHO – 1 March 2011

Posted on March 29, 2011. Filed under: Health Policy | Tags: , , |

Tallinn Charter: Health Systems for Health and Wealth.  Interim report on implementation of the Tallinn Charter – WHO – 1 March 2011
WHO European Ministerial Conference on Health Systems, held in Tallinn from 25 to 27 June 2008.

“5. The report has six chapters including this introduction.  …
6. Following Chapter II, the rest of the report will focus in greater depth on three key dimensions on the Charter:
 assessing health system performance as a way of improving governance and accountability (Chapter III);
 ensuring solidarity and health gain in times of financial crisis (Chapter IV);
 strengthening health systems impact through leadership of intersectoral action to improve health (Chapter V).
7. Although health system performance is the focus of Chapter III in particular, it is worth emphasizing that the fundamental pillar of the Tallinn Charter is the emphasis on accountability for performance. This theme accordingly runs through the whole report.”

“This draft interim report on implementation of the Tallinn Charter is submitted to the European Health Policy Forum for High-Level Government Officials for comments and suggestions. This paper and the comments received during the European Health  Policy Forum meeting will then be submitted to the Eighteenth Standing Committee of the Regional Committee (SCRC) at its third session (Copenhagen, 30–31 March 2011). The final interim report will then be submitted to the WHO Regional Committee for Europe at its sixty-first session (Baku, Azerbaijan, 12–15 September 2011).”

One of the working papers from the first meeting of the European Health Policy Forum

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Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services in Europe: A Framework for Action – WHO – 25 February 2011

Posted on March 29, 2011. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services in Europe: A Framework for Action – WHO – 25 February 2011

Working paper from the first meeting of the European Health Policy Forum

“The document outlines some of the major challenges to health policies and systems in the WHO European Region, including consideration of public health services and infrastructures. In view of the differences in the way European health systems and public health services are organized, operated and governed, the paper makes a clear statement on public health and health systems, including definitions, boundaries and concepts.

The paper proposes a set of ten horizontal essential public health operations (EPHOs), and sets out the core public health services within each of them. These will become the unifying and guiding principles for any European health authorities monitoring, evaluating or setting policies, strategies and actions for reforms and improvement in public health. The paper highlights the major avenues that the WHO Regional Office for Europe intends to take in order to tackle public health and health system challenges. It concludes by proposing specific actions and measures to move towards the attainment of the objectives set.”

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Global status report on alcohol and health – WHO – 11 February 2011

Posted on February 14, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Global status report on alcohol and health – WHO – 11 February 2011

“The newly published Global status report on alcohol and health analyses available evidence on alcohol consumption and provides data in over 100 individual country profiles.

Wider implementation of policies is needed to save lives and reduce the health impact of harmful alcohol drinking, says a new report launched today by WHO. Harmful use of alcohol results in the death of 2.5 million people annually, causes illness and injury to many more, and increasingly affects younger generations and drinkers in developing countries.

Harmful use of alcohol is defined as excessive use to the point that it causes damage to health and often includes adverse social consequences.”

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Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health – WHO – 4 February 2011

Posted on February 7, 2011. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health – WHO – 4 February 2011

Media release

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Global report on antimalarial efficacy and drug resistance: 2000-2010 – WHO – 2010

Posted on January 21, 2011. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

Global report on antimalarial efficacy and drug resistance: 2000-2010 – WHO – 2010

ISBN 978 92 4 150047 0

“This report provides a comprehensive, global overview of antimalarial drug efficacy and the resistance of malaria parasites to the antimalarial medicines used between 2000 and June 2010. Policy-makers in national ministries of health will benefit from this document, as it provides both a global and a regional picture of the efficacy of the antimalarial medicines currently used in national treatment programmes. In addition, the report will be a reference for scientists, enhancing their understanding of the complexity of antimalarial drug resistance.”

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Telemedicine – Opportunities and developments in Member States – WHO Global Observatory for eHealth – 13 January 2011

Posted on January 18, 2011. Filed under: Telehealth | Tags: |

Telemedicine – Opportunities and developments in Member States – WHO – 13 January 2011

“Telemedicine can bring the eyes of a specialist to examine a critically ill patient from halfway around the globe. It bridges the distance between people and the best health care available and can be applied to a vast range of situations – from home care to specialized clinical settings. This second volume of the Global Observatory for eHealth series examines trends in the uptake of telemedicine, from the well established to newly emerging telemedicine applications. With an emphasis on the needs of developing countries, it looks to the future with an analysis of the strategic actions required to support and strengthen telemedicine in countries. The publication is targeted at telemedicine practitioners and policymakers in health and information technology, as well as health care practitioners interested in adopting telemedicine services.”

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Working to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases. First WHO Report on Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2010

Posted on January 18, 2011. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , |

Working to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases.  First WHO Report on Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2010

“Neglected tropical diseases blight the lives of a billion people worldwide and threaten the health of millions more. These close companions of poverty weaken impoverished populations, frustrate the achievement of health in the Millennium Development Goals and impede global public health outcomes.

Wider recognition of the public health significance of neglected tropical diseases and better knowledge of their epidemiology have stimulated necessary changes in public health thinking to approach and achieve control.

This report presents evidence to demonstrate that activities undertaken to prevent and control neglected tropical diseases are producing results – and that achievements are being recognized.By 2008, preventive chemotherapy had reached more than 670 million people in 75 countries.”ISBN 978 92 4 1564090

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Options for Large-scale Spread of Simple, High-impact Interventions – September 2010

Posted on September 28, 2010. Filed under: Health Systems Improvement, Knowledge Translation, Patient Safety | Tags: , |

Options for Large-scale Spread of Simple, High-impact Interventions – September 2010

This report was prepared by the USAID Health Care Improvement Project (HCI), implemented by University Research Co., LLC (URC), for review by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and by request of the World Health Organization (WHO) Patient Safety Programme and the Harvard School of Public Health. It was authored by M. Rashad Massoud (URC), Katlyn L. Donohue (URC), and C. Joseph McCannon (Institute for Healthcare Improvement).

“This paper outlines what we know to be effective in the adoption and spread of high-impact interventions.”

Recommended citation: Massoud MR, Donohue KL, and McCannon CJ. 2010. Options for Large-scale Spread of Simple, high-impact Interventions. Technical Report. Published by the USAID Health Care Improvement Project. Bethesda, MD: University Research Co. LLC (URC).

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How to boost the rural/remote health workforce? It’s not all about the dollars – Croakey – 10 September 2010

Posted on September 10, 2010. Filed under: Rural Remote Health, Workforce | Tags: , |

How to boost the rural/remote health workforce? It’s not all about the dollars – Croakey – 10 September 2010

“The World Health Organization has released the first global recommendations for improving the retention of health workers in remote and rural areas.

You might think from the way that we often discuss this issue that it is a peculiarly Australian problem, and one that simply requires us to pay rural doctors more. Wrong on both counts.”

…continues on the Croakey site

Increasing access to health workers in remote and rural areas through improved retention: global policy recommendations – WHO 
Number of pages: 79
Publication date: July 2010
ISBN: 9789241564014

“Globally, approximately one half of the population lives in rural areas, but less than 38% of the nurses and less than 25% of the physicians work there. While getting and keeping health workers in rural and remote areas is a challenge for all countries, the situation is worse in the 57 countries that have an absolute shortage of health workers.

After a year-long consultative effort, this document proposes sixteen evidence-based recommendations on how to improve the recruitment and retention of health workers in underserved areas. It also offers a guide for policy makers to choose the most appropriate interventions, and to implement, monitor and evaluate their impact over time.”

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