Social Determinants of Mental Health – UCL Institute of Health Equity and published by the World Health Organization and the Gulbenkian Foundation – June 2014

Posted on June 17, 2014. Filed under: Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: , |

Social Determinants of Mental Health – UCL Institute of Health Equity and published by the World Health Organization and the Gulbenkian Foundation – June 2014

“This report was written by the UCL Institute of Health Equity and published by the World Health Organization and the Gulbenkian Foundation.

Its key messages are as follows:

– Mental health and many common mental disorders are shaped to a great extent by the social, economic, and physical environments in which people live.

– Social inequalities are associated with increased risk of many common mental disorders.

– Taking action to improve the conditions of daily life from before birth, during early childhood, at school age, during family building and working ages, and at older ages provides opportunities both to improve population mental health and to reduce the risk of those mental disorders that are associated with social inequalities.

– While comprehensive action across the life course is needed, scientific consensus is considerable that giving every child the best possible start will generate the greatest societal and mental health benefits.

– Action needs to be universal: across the whole of society, and proportionate to need in order to level the social gradient in health outcomes.

– This paper highlights effective actions to reduce risk of mental disorders throughout the life course, at the community level and at the country level. It includes environmental, structural, and local interventions. Such actions to prevent mental disorders are likely to promote mental health in the population.”

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Income and Children’s Outcomes in Canada – Canadian Research Data Centre Network – April 2014

Posted on April 29, 2014. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics | Tags: , , |

Income and Children’s Outcomes in Canada – Canadian Research Data Centre Network – April 2014

“What can we really expect from government transfers, such as child benefits, that increase household income? Do they really improve children’s outcomes? Annie McEwen et Jennifer Stewart review the evidence in the most recent CRDCN synthesis”

 

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Review of Social Determinants and the Health Divide in the WHO European Region – UCL Institute of Health Equity – 30 October 2013

Posted on October 31, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , , |

 

Review of Social Determinants and the Health Divide in the WHO European Region – UCL Institute of Health Equity – 30 October 2013

 

“The WHO Regional Office for Europe commissioned this review of social determinants of health and the health divide to identify actions needed to address health inequities within and between countries across the 53 Member States of the European Region. The conclusions and recommendations of the review informed the development of Health 2020, the new European policy framework for health and well-being – along with a companion study on governance for health in the 21st century.”

 

… continues on the site

Britain told social inequality has created ‘public health timebomb’ – guardian – 30 October 2013

 

“UK is failing its children, women and young people on a grand scale, says Marmot report on links between inequality and health”

 

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Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region. Final report – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

Posted on October 14, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region. Final report – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0030 7

“The WHO European Region has seen remarkable health gains, though inequities persist both between and within countries. Much more is understood now about the extent and social causes of these inequities, particularly since the 2008 report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health.

This review of inequities in health across the 53 Member States of the Region was commissioned to support the development of the new European policy framework for health and well-being, Health 2020. It builds on the global evidence and recommends policies to reduce health inequities and the health divide across all countries, including those with low incomes.

The report is presented in four parts. Part I provides the context and background to the review, and sets out the key principles underpinning the recommendations and the rationale for grouping them into four broad themes: life-course stages, wider society, the broader macro-level context, and governance, delivery and monitoring systems.

Part II summarizes current evidence on the magnitude of the health divide among European Region countries, describing the inequities in health and their social determinants.

Part III focuses on the four themes, making recommendations with supporting evidence.

Part IV outlines the implementation issues, summarizes the framework for action, discusses reasons for failure, provides guidance on good practice and summarizes the review’s conclusions and recommendations.

The review is a wake-up call to political and professional leaders alike, an opportunity for them to facilitate the work of those dedicated to improving health outcomes and narrow the health gap between and within the countries of the Region.”

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Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region – 2013

Posted on September 18, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region – 2013

Final Report

Executive Summary

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Deep and Persistent Disadvantage in Australia – Productivity Commission – July 2013

Posted on July 24, 2013. Filed under: Research | Tags: , , , |

Deep and Persistent Disadvantage in Australia – Productivity Commission – July 2013

ISBN 978-1-74037-445-3
McLachlan, R., Gilfillan, G. and Gordon, J. 2013, Deep and Persistent Disadvantage in Australia, rev., Productivity Commission Staff Working Paper, Canberra.

“…this research paper has sought to find answers to a number of questions, including:
• what does it mean to be disadvantaged?
• how many Australians are disadvantaged and who are they?
• what is the depth and persistence of disadvantage in Australia?
• where do Australians experiencing disadvantage live?
• what factors influence a person’s risk of experiencing disadvantage?
• what are the costs of disadvantage and who bears them?”

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Working for Health Equity: The Role of Health Professionals – UCL Institute of Health Equity – March 2013

Posted on March 19, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Working for Health Equity: The Role of Health Professionals – UCL Institute of Health Equity – March 2013

“This report demonstrates that the healthcare system and those working within it have an important and often under-utilised role in reducing health inequalities through action on the social determinants of health. The health workforce are, after all, well placed to initiate and develop services that take into account and attempt to improve the wider social context for patients and staff.

The report discusses the best ways to reduce inequities through workforce education and training, practical actions to be taken during interactions with patients, ways of working in partnership, and the role of advocacy. It also includes a section on the health system, which analyses which mechanisms and structures are supportive of actions to reduce health inequality, and where further development might be needed.”

… continues on the site

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Why inequality matters – My Fair London in association with the Equality Trust – September 2012

Posted on October 5, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Why inequality matters – My Fair London in association with the Equality Trust – September 2012

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Tackling health inequalities in Sweden: An overview – Swedish National Institute of Public Health – 2012

Posted on October 4, 2012. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Tackling health inequalities in Sweden: An overview – Swedish National Institute of Public Health – 2012

“The Swedish government continues to embark on a number of measures and interventions to enhance the health of the population by strengthening the public health work at various levels. The Swedish National Institute of Public Health (SNIPH) has compiled a number of important on going public health events, activities and initiatives which have an impact on the government work of tackling health inequalities and social determinants of health in Sweden. The list is not exhaustive but captures significant efforts made at national, regional and local levels. Our compilation includes:”

… continues on the site

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Social distribution of health risks and health outcomes: preliminary analysis of the National Health Survey 2007-08 – AIHW – 28 August 2012

Posted on September 12, 2012. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

Social distribution of health risks and health outcomes: preliminary analysis of the National Health Survey 2007-08 – AIHW – 28 August 2012

“Where people are born, grow, live, work and age affects their health status. This paper explores the association between selected social and health risk factors on Australians’ health. It shows that people with higher household incomes and higher education qualifications are more likely to report better health and less likely to report smoking, and people living outside major cities are more likely to report being an unhealthy weight.”

ISBN 978-1-74249-333-6; Cat. no. PHE 165; 33pp

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Better Health: An analysis of public policy and programming focusing on the determinants of health and health outcomes that are effective in achieving the healthiest populations – Canadian Health Services Research Foundation – 18 June 2012

Posted on June 27, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

Better Health: An analysis of public policy and programming focusing on the determinants of health and health outcomes that are effective in achieving the healthiest populations – Canadian Health Services Research Foundation – 18 June 2012

Carles Muntaner, et al.

“Key Messages

Although major health inequalities exist in Canada, minimal action has been taken by municipal, provincial/territorial and federal levels of governments to narrow health inequalities through the social determinants of health (SDOH) and public policy.

Income, housing, food insecurity and social exclusion are four major social determinants in generating and reproducing health inequalities over the life course (childhood, adulthood and the elderly stage).

Low-income individuals and families have significantly higher rates of mortality, morbidity and healthcare use as compared with middle- and high-income groups. Health inequalities between the richest 20% and the poorest 20% have decreased from 1971 to 1996 in Canada; however, continued monitoring is needed given that income inequality has increased over the past decade.

Food insecurity and unstable housing are associated with poor health and, in turn, mediate the link between income and health (hunger and unstable housing affect health and result from low income). Mortality rates among homeless and marginally housed individuals were much higher than expected on the basis of low income alone.

Social exclusion is a powerful determinant of health inequalities; however, its effects are dependent upon which groups are compared. The health consequences of social exclusion are most unequal between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal groups. Immigrant health favours recent arrivals over long-term residents. Compared with non-minority ethnic groups, minority racial/ethnic groups are more likely to experience social and health disadvantages. However, no clear association exists for health inequalities between minority racial/ethnic groups.

Taking action on SDOH to narrow health inequalities offers new opportunities for the nursing profession to expand its role to include:

… continues on the site

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Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey – WHO/Europe – 2 May 2012

Posted on May 4, 2012. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status | Tags: , , |

Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey – WHO/Europe – 2 May 2012

“Through this international report on the results of its most recent survey, the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study supplies the up-to-date information needed by policy-makers at various levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, and professionals in sectors such as health, education, social services, justice and recreation.

The latest addition to a series of HBSC reports on young people’s health, this report presents findings from the 2009/2010 survey on the demographic and social influences on the health of young people (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) in 43 countries and regions in the WHO European Region and North America. Responding to the survey, the young people described their social context (relations with family, peers and school), physical health and satisfaction with life, health behaviours (patterns of eating, tooth brushing and physical activity) and risk behaviours (use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, sexual behaviour, fighting and bullying). Statistical analyses were carried out to identify meaningful differences in the prevalence of health and social indicators by gender, age group and levels of family affluence.

The aim was to provide a rigorous, systematic statistical base for describing cross-national patterns, in terms of the magnitude and direction of differences between subgroups, thus contributing to a better understanding of the social determinants of health and well-being among young people, and providing the means to help protect and promote their health.”

Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6
ISBN 978 92 890 1423 6

Key findings and five fact sheets

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC)

Media release:      What we publish – WHO report reveals teenagers do not get a fair deal on health

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Modelling Potential Impact of Improved Survival of Indigenous Australians on Work-Life Labour Income Gap Between Indigenous and Average Australians – NATSEM, University of Canberra – September 2011

Posted on October 17, 2011. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health | Tags: |

Modelling Potential Impact of Improved Survival of Indigenous Australians on Work-Life Labour Income Gap Between Indigenous and Average Australians – NATSEM, University of Canberra – September 2011

“Abstract
This study compares work-life labour income of Indigenous and average Australians and assesses potential impact of bridging mortality gaps on their work-life earning gaps using a life-table model which took account of the survival, employment and income trajectories from 25 to 64 years. Age-specific employment and average annual income data were derived from the 2006 Census for three educational groups: certificate or higher levels of education, Year 12, and less than Year 12 education. Results show that depending on educational qualifications, work-life labour income of Indigenous people is likely to be just over two-fifths to about two-thirds of work-life labour income of average Australians. If Indigenous Australians were to have the same level of survival as to average Australians, the work-life labour income gap would narrow by about four to seven percentage points. Bridging the adult mortality gap alone has only a small impact on bridging economic gaps persisting between Indigenous and other Australians.”

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