The Benefits and Harms of Breast Cancer Screening: An Independent Review – The Independent UK Panel on Breast Cancer Screening – October 2012

Posted on November 2, 2012. Filed under: Oncology | Tags: |

The Benefits and Harms of Breast Cancer Screening: An Independent Review – The Independent UK Panel on Breast Cancer Screening – October 2012  The Panel was chaired by Sir Michael Marmot.

Executive summary

Media release

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[US] Taskforce recommends against PSA test – ABC – 22 May 2012

Posted on May 22, 2012. Filed under: Oncology, Preventive Healthcare | Tags: , |

[US] Taskforce recommends against PSA test – ABC – 22 May 2012

“A high level US expert taskforce has caused a stir by recommending against the use of the PSA test to screen for prostate cancer in men, regardless of their age.

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) findings are published today in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

“The USPSTF concludes that there is moderate certainty that the benefits of PSA-based screening for prostate cancer do not outweigh the harms,” says the Task Force report. “The USPSTF now recommends against PSA-based screening for prostate cancer in all age groups.”

The PSA test is used to pick up cancers before symptoms occur, but many of these cancers are slow growing and would not become a problem in a man’s lifetime.”

… continues on the site

Annals of Internal Medicine links:

In the Balance: What the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Missed in Its Prostate Cancer Screening Recommendation
William J. Catalona et al
Annals of Internal Medicine 21 May 2012

In the Balance: Prostate Cancer Screening: What We Know, Don’t Know, and Believe
Otis W. Brawley
Annals of Internal Medicine 21 May 2012

Clinical Guidelines: Screening for Prostate Cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
Virginia A. Moyer et al
Annals of Internal Medicine 21 May 2012

Summaries for Patients: Screening for Prostate Cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
Annals of Internal Medicine 21 May 2012

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Simple Screening. A research report into the long term attitudes of UK young adults towards Chlamydia screening communications methods and locations. A report by MindMetre – March 2012

Posted on March 22, 2012. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , , |

Simple Screening. A research report into the long term attitudes of UK young adults towards Chlamydia screening communications methods and locations. A report by MindMetre – March 2012

“Executive summary
Chlamydia, also known as the ‘silent’ disease due to the lack of symptoms in over 50% of men and 70% of women1, has become the most commonly diagnosed STI in the UK2. Young people under 25 are the most likely to get infected, with 65% of all new Chlamydia diagnoses in 2008 made to people between 16 and 24 years old3. The National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP), now in its ninth year, has driven an almost 100% increase in testing levels for 15-24 year olds in England, which grew from 18,000 in 2003/04 to just under 1.8 million in 2010/11. However, in spite of these massive efforts, in 2010/11 the programme still fell ten per cent short of its target of screening 35% of 15 to 24 year olds4.

In order to adequately measure the prevalence of Chlamydia in the population and increase the programme’s efficiency, the number of tests carried out needs to grow. This report highlights that in order to achieve proposed testing levels, awareness needs to be raised among the target age group through channels that they are truly receptive to. At present, despite the success of the NCSP, screening rates among 15 to 24 year olds remains too low. One obstacle may be the unwillingness of some young people to visit sexual health clinics because of embarrassment, or perceived stigma. This study investigates the attitudes of young people to Chlamydia testing, and reveals new insights into the channels most likely to encourage higher testing levels.”

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National Bowel Cancer Screening Program monitoring report: phase 2, July 2008- June 2011 – AIHW – 2 March 2012

Posted on March 2, 2012. Filed under: Gastroenterology, Oncology, Preventive Healthcare | Tags: , |

National Bowel Cancer Screening Program monitoring report: phase 2, July 2008- June 2011 – AIHW – 2 March 2012

“This report presents statistics on the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program for Australians invited to take part between July 2008 and June 2011. Just over 800,000 people were screened in that time, with about 60,000 found to require further assessment. One out of every 11 colonoscopies performed for further assessment detected and removed an advanced adenoma (pre-cancerous lesion), and a cancer was detected in 1 out of every 33 colonoscopies. However, this represents only a partial picture of outcomes due to incomplete reporting.”

ISBN 978-1-74249-280-3; Cat. no. CAN 61; 120pp

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BreastScreen Australia monitoring report 2008-2009 – AIHW – 6 December 2011

Posted on December 6, 2011. Filed under: Oncology, Preventive Healthcare | Tags: , |

BreastScreen Australia monitoring report 2008-2009 – AIHW – 6 December 2011

“BreastScreen Australia aims to reduce morbidity and mortality from breast cancer through organised breast cancer screening. This report presents national statistics for the program. More than 1.3 million women aged 50-69 participated in BreastScreen Australia in 2008-2009, equivalent to around 55% of the target age group. Deaths from breast cancer are at an historic low at 47 deaths per 100,000 women aged 50-69 in 2007.”

ISSN 1039-3307; ISBN 978-1-74249-261-2; Cat. no. CAN 60; 98pp

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UK Screening Portal of the UK National Screening Committee

Posted on August 11, 2011. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

UK Screening Portal of the UK National Screening Committee

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Challenges and Opportunities in Using Residual Newborn Screening Samples for Translational Research – IOM – released 8 September 2010

Posted on September 9, 2010. Filed under: Obstetrics, Research | Tags: , , |

Challenges and Opportunities in Using Residual Newborn Screening Samples for Translational Research – IOM – released 8 September 2010

Full text online

Type: Workshop Summary
 
Note: Workshop Summaries contain the opinion of the presenters, but do NOT reflect the conclusions of the IOM. Learn more about the differences between Workshop Summaries and Consensus Reports.

“Newborn screening programs test blood samples from more than 4 million infants each year for life-threatening disorders, such as phenylketonuria and sickle-cell disease, that are treatable if identified at birth. The blood that remains after screening can be an invaluable resource for public health and biomedical research and has been used previously to study childhood leukemia, the prevalence of HIV infection, and exposure to environmental toxins. However, recent legal challenges have brought to light that most parents are unaware that samples can be stored for years afterward and that they can be used for purposes other than screening.

On May 24, 2010, the IOM held a workshop to examine the issues surrounding the use of newborn screening samples for translational research, including autonomy, confidentiality, privacy, informed consent, and consent to future use of samples originally taken for a different purpose. Participants discussed the benefits of making samples available for research; ways to ensure the privacy of individuals while allowing scientists to make use of samples; and strategies for making samples available for additional uses without compromising the main function of the newborn screening program. This document summarizes the workshop.”

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Managing serious incidents in National Screening Programmes – UK – June 2010

Posted on August 28, 2010. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare | Tags: , |

Managing serious incidents in National Screening Programmes – UK – June 2010

This guidance is endorsed by the National Patient Safety Agency and its purpose is to make explicit the requirements for national screening programme related serious incidents and to provide clarity and understanding for all staff providing NHS funded care.

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CDC Vital Signs – launched July 2010

Posted on July 8, 2010. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

CDC Vital Signs

“CDC Vital Signs is a new series of MMWR reports that will announce the latest results for key public health indicators.

Most adults are getting recommended breast and colorectal cancer screenings. Yet a new CDC report says more than 22 million adults have not had screening tests for colorectal cancer, and more than 7 million women have not had a recent mammogram to screen for breast cancer as recommended. This CDC report also points out why more people need to get tested for colorectal and breast cancer and what can be done to increase screening.”

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Screening for the early detection of acoustic neuroma in patients with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss – 26 March 2009 – Health Services Assessment Collaboration (HSAC), NZ

Posted on April 9, 2009. Filed under: Otorhinolaryngology, Radiology | Tags: |

Paech, D, and Weston, A. Screening for the early detection of acoustic neuroma in patients with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss: a rapid literature scan of MRI and other surveillance methods HSAC Report 2009; 2(1). 2009 Health Services Assessment Collaboration (HSAC), University of Canterbury ISBN 978-0-9582973-5-6 (online) ISBN 978-0-9582973-6-3 (print) ISSN 1178-5748 (online)
ISSN 1178-573X (print)

This report provides a brief scan of the literature available on the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and comparative surveillance techniques in screening for the early detection of acoustic neuroma (AN) in patients with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (ASNHL). It was commissioned by the New Zealand Ministry of Health

Health Services Assessment Collaboration (HSAC), NZ

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