NIH creates Office of Emergency Care Research – 31 July 2012

Posted on August 2, 2012. Filed under: Emergency Medicine, Knowledge Translation, Research | Tags: , |

NIH creates Office of Emergency Care Research – 31 July 2012

“Will coordinate and foster research and training in the emergency setting

To help improve health outcomes of patients who require emergency care, the National Institutes of Health has created a new Office of Emergency Care Research (OECR). The office is a focal point for basic, clinical and translational emergency care research and training across NIH.

“NIH has supported research to advance emergency care for years; however, now we have a single office to coordinate and foster our activities in this arena,” said NIH Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D. “The NIH Office of Emergency Care Research will focus on speeding diagnosis and improving care for the full spectrum of conditions that require emergency treatment.”

Although OECR will not fund grants, it will foster innovation and improvement in emergency care and in the training of future researchers in this field by:”

… continues on the site

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Estimating the NIH Efficient Frontier – PLoS ONE 7(5): e34569 – 2 May 2012

Posted on May 15, 2012. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion, Research | Tags: , |

Estimating the NIH Efficient Frontier – PLoS ONE 7(5): e34569 – 2 May 2012

Bisias D, Lo AW, Watkins JF (2012) Estimating the NIH Efficient Frontier. PLoS ONE 7(5): e34569. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034569

“Abstract

Background
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is among the world’s largest investors in biomedical research, with a mandate to: “…lengthen life, and reduce the burdens of illness and disability.” Its funding decisions have been criticized as insufficiently focused on disease burden. We hypothesize that modern portfolio theory can create a closer link between basic research and outcome, and offer insight into basic-science related improvements in public health. We propose portfolio theory as a systematic framework for making biomedical funding allocation decisions–one that is directly tied to the risk/reward trade-off of burden-of-disease outcomes.

Methods and Findings
Using data from 1965 to 2007, we provide estimates of the NIH “efficient frontier”, the set of funding allocations across 7 groups of disease-oriented NIH institutes that yield the greatest expected return on investment for a given level of risk, where return on investment is measured by subsequent impact on U.S. years of life lost (YLL). The results suggest that NIH may be actively managing its research risk, given that the volatility of its current allocation is 17% less than that of an equal-allocation portfolio with similar expected returns. The estimated efficient frontier suggests that further improvements in expected return (89% to 119% vs. current) or reduction in risk (22% to 35% vs. current) are available holding risk or expected return, respectively, constant, and that 28% to 89% greater decrease in average years-of-life-lost per unit risk may be achievable. However, these results also reflect the imprecision of YLL as a measure of disease burden, the noisy statistical link between basic research and YLL, and other known limitations of portfolio theory itself.

Conclusions
Our analysis is intended to serve as a proof-of-concept and starting point for applying quantitative methods to allocating biomedical research funding that are objective, systematic, transparent, repeatable, and expressly designed to reduce the burden of disease. By approaching funding decisions in a more analytical fashion, it may be possible to improve their ultimate outcomes while reducing unintended consequences.”

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New website: NIH Clinical Research Trials and You – 6 February 2012

Posted on February 8, 2012. Filed under: Research | Tags: , |

New website: NIH Clinical Research Trials and You – 6 February 2012

“Agency-wide resource provides important information for the public and health care providers

The National Institutes of Health has created a new website, NIH Clinical Research Trials and You to help people learn more about clinical trials, why they matter, and how to participate. From the first cure of a solid tumor with chemotherapy to the use of nitroglycerin in response to heart attacks, clinical research trials — or research studies involving people — have played a vital role in improving health and quality of life for people around the globe.”

… continues on the site

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NIH launches Web resource on complementary and alternative medicine – 26 April 2011

Posted on April 29, 2011. Filed under: Complementary & Altern Care, Evidence Based Practice | Tags: |

NIH launches Web resource on complementary and alternative medicine – 26 April 2011

“Evidence-based information for health care providers

A new online resource, designed to give health care providers easy access to evidence-based information on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), was unveiled today by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) of the National Institutes of Health.

With this new resource, providers will have the tools necessary to learn about the various CAM practices and products and be better able to discuss the safety and effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicine with their patients.” 

… continues on the site

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