An Introduction to the Ethical Implications of Economic Evaluations for Healthy Public Policy – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – October 2013

Posted on October 24, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

An Introduction to the Ethical Implications of Economic Evaluations for Healthy Public Policy – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – October 2013

“This briefing note is the first in a series that introduces a critical analysis of the ethical implications of economic evaluations, especially as they arise in the context of healthy public policy. It begins by introducing the main types of economic evaluation (cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility), their general strengths and weaknesses, and what they aim to measure through different means: efficiency…..

It moves on to examine the ethical implications of the ethical (utilitarianism) and methodological (individualism) assumptions shared by the main types of economic evaluations. It concludes by exploring the ways in which economic evaluations can be read and interpreted so that values relevant for public health, which can conflict with those implicitly put forward by economic evaluations, do not fall out of the view of policy makers.”

Advertisements
Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on An Introduction to the Ethical Implications of Economic Evaluations for Healthy Public Policy – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – October 2013 )

Road Diets: Fitter, Healthier Public Ways – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2013

Posted on September 12, 2013. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Road Diets: Fitter, Healthier Public Ways – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2013

“This briefing note discusses the road diet, an intervention that can mitigate the health impacts of motorized traffic on public roadways that carry through traffic. These roads are often quite dangerous and uncomfortable for the various users. The road diet consists of a reallocation of the space on these public roadways to accommodate uses other than motorized traffic.

The effectiveness of this intervention is considered “proven” by the Federal Highway Administration. It’s also an intervention that is more and more commonly used, whether in urban, suburban or rural settings. In addition, its potential is very important because it may be relevant to all public roadways that are not used to full capacity – which is very common in North America.

In this text, the author defines road diets, shares some study results, and outlines some practical considerations for how to implement them.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on Road Diets: Fitter, Healthier Public Ways – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2013 )

Population and Public Health Ethics: Cases from research, policy, and practice – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – March 2013

Posted on April 11, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Population and Public Health Ethics: Cases from research, policy, and practice – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – March 2013

“This Casebook features 16 cases on population and public health ethics that are accompanied by an invited case discussion.”

 

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on Population and Public Health Ethics: Cases from research, policy, and practice – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – March 2013 )

Health Authorities and the Built Environment: Actions to Influence Public Policies – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – November 2012

Posted on November 21, 2012. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Health Authorities and the Built Environment: Actions to Influence Public Policies – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – November 2012

“This document, structured around interviews, presents the experiences of six Canadian health authorities (Vancouver Coastal Health, Vancouver Island Health, Fraser Health, Peel Public Health, Toronto Public Health, and Direction de santé publique de Montréal), regarding political actions to foster healthy built environments.

Actions undertaken by the health authorities include:

•Active involvement in developing Official Community Plans;
•Inclusion of healthy built environment principles in the planning and construction of a new health facility;
•Inclusion and integration of a health perspective into a regional growth strategy, a regional sustainable development plan and a long-term regional transportation plan;
•Development of tools to foster the integration of a health perspective in planning and engineering processes;
•Establishment of partnerships with the municipal sector;
•Assessment of community action programs to influence the built environment.

These interviews were conducted as part of a project by the Healthy Canada by Design Coalition. This coalition is financed by the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer through the Coalitions Linking Action and Science for Prevention (CLASP) program. The efforts of the Healthy Canada by Design coalition are focused on promoting certain public policies that can lead to the creation of healthier built environments – such as transportation and urban planning policies.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on Health Authorities and the Built Environment: Actions to Influence Public Policies – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – November 2012 )

Tools and Approaches for Assessing and Supporting Public Health Action on the Social Determinants of Health and Health Equity – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – November 2012

Posted on November 21, 2012. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

Tools and Approaches for Assessing and Supporting Public Health Action on the Social Determinants of Health and Health Equity – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – November 2012

“This guide, co-produced by NCCDH and NCCHPP, presents tools and approaches used specifically to reduce (or at least to not increase) health inequalities.

A collaborative project between the National Collaborating Centres for Determinants of Health (NCCDH) and for Healthy Public Policy (NCCHPP), this document provides examples of the tools and approaches to health equity that have been adopted or applied by the public health sector.

All of the identified resources are summarized using a quick reference table format to help facilitate comparison and have been grouped into three broad areas: checklists and lenses, processes and support structures.

This document is intended for those working in the public health sector who are considering how to strengthen their approaches to addressing social determinants of health and advancing health equity.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on Tools and Approaches for Assessing and Supporting Public Health Action on the Social Determinants of Health and Health Equity – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – November 2012 )

A Framework for Analyzing Public Policies Practical Guide – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2012

Posted on October 5, 2012. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

A Framework for Analyzing Public Policies Practical Guide – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2012

“Public health actors in public, community and academic networks may be called upon to work on public policies and, within the context of this work, to interact with policy makers at different levels (municipal, provincial, etc.). However, they often find that the content of their discourse does not meet all the information needs of these decision makers.

This document presents a structured process based on an analytical framework that reflects a public health perspective, while at the same time integrating other concerns of policy makers. The document addresses four questions:

• What public policies does this analytical framework apply to?
• In what types of situations is it useful?
• Which policy facets does it focus on?
• How is the analysis carried out?”

… continues on the site

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on A Framework for Analyzing Public Policies Practical Guide – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2012 )

Citizen Participation in Health Impact Assessment: Overview of Issues – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – May 2012

Posted on May 8, 2012. Filed under: Patient Participation, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Citizen Participation in Health Impact Assessment: Overview of Issues – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – May 2012

“This document examines the main arguments in favour of citizen participation as well as some of the obstacles and risks associated with citizen participation in HIA.

Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a practice that aims to evaluate the potential impacts of a policy, program or project on population health so as to minimize the negative and maximize the positive effects.

The founding documents of HIA identify citizen participation as one of the cornerstones of HIA. In fact, some maintain that an HIA remains incomplete without the effective and concrete participation of the community (Dannenberg, Bhatia et al., 2006, p.266).

The aim of this report is to introduce public health actors to the issues surrounding citizen participation in HIA. We will first examine the principal arguments in favour of citizen participation. We will then put these arguments into perspective, by also addressing some of the obstacles and risks associated with citizen participation in HIA.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on Citizen Participation in Health Impact Assessment: Overview of Issues – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – May 2012 )

Health Impact Assessment: Inventory of Resources – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – February 2012

Posted on February 29, 2012. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Health Impact Assessment: Inventory of Resources – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – February 2012

“Health impact assessment (HIA) is a process that makes it possible to shed light on decision-making related to proposed policies, programs or projects, and on their potential effects on the health of a population. There are many approaches to the practice of HIA, the oldest having been developed within the field of environmental health in relation to the environmental impact assessment of development projects. The main focus of this inventory is the practice of HIA as related to the development of healthy public policy. This is an evolving field of practice in which more and more public health actors are becoming interested and with which they wish to become familiar.

This inventory is intended as an introduction to the field of HIA practice as applied to policy development. It is based on a review of the literature on this subject carried out by the National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy (NCCHPP) between March and July of 2008. It does not claim to be completely exhaustive, but it reflects the information available at the time the review was carried out.

Those interested in HIA will find in this inventory a body of information aimed at:

facilitating access to existing resources
providing information about the most effective techniques for researching HIA
sharing knowledge about the main ideas that characterize this field.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on Health Impact Assessment: Inventory of Resources – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – February 2012 )

The Use of Health Knowledge by Not-for-profit Organizations: Taking a Look at Their Policy-influencing Practices – [Canadian] National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – January 2012

Posted on February 14, 2012. Filed under: Knowledge Translation, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

The Use of Health Knowledge by Not-for-profit Organizations: Taking a Look at Their Policy-influencing Practices – [Canadian] National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – January 2012

“This document examines the way in which five not-for-profit (NFP) organizations use health knowledge in their efforts to influence public policy related to population health.

This document is part of a project exploring issues surrounding relationships between not-for-profit organizations (NFPs) and the public health sector. More specifically, it deals with the way in which NFPs use health knowledge in their practices and the issues that this raises for public health professionals conducting or planning to engage in knowledge exchange processes with these stakeholders..

The purpose of the analysis proposed here is to facilitate reflection by public health professionals on certain issues affecting current or future knowledge exchange activities with NFPs.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on The Use of Health Knowledge by Not-for-profit Organizations: Taking a Look at Their Policy-influencing Practices – [Canadian] National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – January 2012 )

Structural Profile of Public Health in Canada: Methodology and Data Collection – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – November 2011

Posted on November 14, 2011. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Structural Profile of Public Health in Canada: Methodology and Data Collection – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – November 2011

“This short document introduces the methodology underlying the Structural Profile and outlines the five essential public health functions around which it is organized.

The Structural Profile of Public Health in Canada is an extensive online table showing how different jurisdictions in Canada are organized to address the essential public health functions. The Structural Profile has been online since 2008, and given the frequent changes to structures and organizations since then, it has seen some updates.”

… continues

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on Structural Profile of Public Health in Canada: Methodology and Data Collection – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – November 2011 )

HIA Implementation in Canada: HIA Pilot Project in Montérégie, Québec – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – October 2011

Posted on November 3, 2011. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

HIA Implementation in Canada: HIA Pilot Project in Montérégie, Québec – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – October 2011

“This document provides a brief account of an HIA pilot project undertaken at the municipal level, in Québec’s Montérégie region, and reports on the key findings that emerged from the process.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( Comments Off on HIA Implementation in Canada: HIA Pilot Project in Montérégie, Québec – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – October 2011 )

A Workshop on Inequalities Using the Escalators Metaphor – Presentation Kit – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2011

Posted on September 30, 2011. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

A Workshop on Inequalities Using the Escalators Metaphor – Presentation Kit – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2011

“The resources in this Presentation Kit, created by Vivian Labrie, are based on a metaphor of up and down escalators. When used to animate a workshop, they provide an opportunity for different actors to share their thoughts about structural and social determinants of inequalities. The kit includes: a facilitator’s guide, a poster template and an introductory PowerPoint.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

A Survey of Ethical Principles and Guidance Within Selected Pandemic Plans – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – June 2011

Posted on June 29, 2011. Filed under: Infectious Diseases | Tags: , , |

A Survey of Ethical Principles and Guidance Within Selected Pandemic Plans – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – June 2011

“This document provides a survey of the explicit goals, ethical principles, and ethics-related recommendations put forward by a selection of national, sub-national and international pandemic preparedness plans and policies.

Moral theories and concepts draw attention to and encourage debate on the variety of ends, goals, and means that can be adopted in preparing for and responding to public health emergencies.

This survey provides a concise comparison of several ethical frameworks in order to help us to think about how we might deliberate to justify difficult decisions in the context of an actual public health emergency.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Public Health Ethics. Selected Resources: Ethics in a Pandemic – National [Canadian] Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – May 2011

Posted on May 31, 2011. Filed under: Infectious Diseases, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Public Health Ethics. Selected Resources: Ethics in a Pandemic – National [Canadian] Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – May 2011

“This document is based on a review of the literature on this subject carried out by the NCCHPP between May and August of 2009.

It contains a selection of relevant, representative, and accessible works that together provide a foundation for exploring the ethical implications of infectious disease control and pandemic response. In it, you will find:

• Short summaries of a selection of seminal papers, frameworks and guidelines;
• Links to additional resources on ethics and pandemics, including articles, presentations, case studies and other learning tools, and pertinent websites, blogs, and news sources.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Intersectoral Governance for Health in All Policies: An Integrated Framework – National [Canadian] Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – April 2011

Posted on May 31, 2011. Filed under: Clin Governance / Risk Mgmt / Quality, Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Policy | Tags: |

Intersectoral Governance for Health in All Policies: An Integrated Framework – National [Canadian] Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – April 2011

“The article proposes an analytical framework for a whole of government approach for public health problems calling for multisectoral participation. It was written as part of an international series of reflections on “Health in all policies” (HiAP) strategies.

The authors, the Centre’s Louise St-Pierre and François-Pierre Gauvin, examine the principal conditions for assuring intersectoral governance for health. These include, notably, questions of leadership, coordination and collaboration, accountability, and cultural elements such as capacity building, value adjustment, and collective learning.

This article may be of interest to anyone studying whole-of-government approaches to health.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Transportation Policies and Health Inequalities – National [Canadian] Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – May 2011

Posted on May 31, 2011. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Transportation Policies and Health Inequalities – National [Canadian] Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – May 2011

“In May 2009, a workshop on health inequalities associated with transportation policies was jointly organized by the Population Health team of Edmonton’s regional health authority (formerly Capital Health), and François Gagnon from the NCCHPP.

The workshop brought together practitioners from the Edmonton region with interests in the areas of transportation, health, and health inequalities to learn about transportation as a determinant of population health as well as to consider effective policy responses.

The workshop was organized around two objectives with two corresponding series of activities:

1) Develop a collective understanding of health inequalities produced by transportation policies.
2) Collectively develop pathways to solutions aimed at mitigating or reducing the unequal effects of the policies in question.

This document presents a summary of the discussions that took place during this meeting and is not intended as a formal report or proceedings from the workshop. The analytical grids that were used for the small group discussions can be found as appendices in the document.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Method for Synthesizing Knowledge About Public Policies – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – September 2010

Posted on May 31, 2011. Filed under: Clin Governance / Risk Mgmt / Quality, Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Policy, Knowledge Translation, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Method for Synthesizing Knowledge About Public Policies – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy – September 2010

“The Centre proposes this method as a way to overcome the difficulties underlying the study of public policies.

Public policy can act as a lever for action that affects population health. Therefore, public health actors are called upon to produce knowledge syntheses in order to inform decision makers during the promotion, adoption and implementation of public policies. But studying these policies raises specific challenges.

Drawing inspiration from political science, literature on evidence-informed decision making in public health, literature on evaluation and on deliberative processes, the NCCHPP has developed a knowledge synthesis method that is applicable to public policies.

Using this method, one can document the effects and equity of the policies under study, as well as implementation issues of concern to decision makers (costs, feasibility, acceptability), based on the construction of logic models, on the scientific and grey literatures, and on deliberative processes organized to gather contextual information.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Deliberative Processes: Inventory of Resources – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy (Canada) – October 2009

Posted on October 27, 2009. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Deliberative Processes: Inventory of Resources – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy (Canada) – October 2009

“This inventory of resources was developed in response to interest in deliberative processes expressed by public health actors, many of whom are interested in the role deliberative processes can play in support of efforts to promote healthy public policy.
This inventory is intended to launch inquiry into the subject of deliberative processes as applied to public policy and thus does not claim to be exhaustive. The inventory will be updated periodically to reflect developments in this field.”

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Liked it here?
Why not try sites on the blogroll...