Building the evidence base in pre-hospital urgent and emergency care: a review of research evidence and priorities for future research – 6 July 2010

Posted on July 8, 2010. Filed under: Emergency Medicine | Tags: |

Building the evidence base in pre-hospital urgent and emergency care: a review of research evidence and priorities for future research – 6 July 2010

Author: University of Sheffield Medical Care Research Unit, commissioned and funded by the Department of Health

“This document reviews the existing research and evidence in the field of prehospital urgent and emergency care, and identifies gaps where future research would be valuable.

It is a resource for organisations and individuals looking for existing evidence to inform policy and practice, and for those planning and funding future research.

It was researched and written by the University of Sheffield Medical Care Research Unit, and was commissioned and funded by DH.”

Download Building the evidence base in pre-hospital urgent and emergency care (PDF, 1799K)

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Pandemic influenza: summary infection control guidance for ambulance services during an influenza pandemic – UK – 8 January 2010

Posted on January 12, 2010. Filed under: Infection Control, Infectious Diseases, Influenza A(H1N1) / Swine Flu | Tags: , |

Pandemic influenza: summary infection control guidance for ambulance services during an influenza pandemic – UK – 8 January 2010

Document type: Guidance
Author: Department of Health
Published date: 8 January 2010
Pages: 25

“The purpose of this document is to set out concise summary guidance for infection control for the ambulance services and it is intended for use during the pandemic. The guidance in this document is equally applicable to lay responders, who should adopt the same infection control and hygiene measures.

This guidance document includes sections on patient management, infection control precautions, use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and environmental infection control, as well as occupational health.”

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Emergency Vehicle Visibility and Conspicuity Study – U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) – August 2009

Posted on August 24, 2009. Filed under: Disaster Management, Emergency Medicine | Tags: , , |

Emergency Vehicle Visibility and Conspicuity Study – U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) – August 2009

From the Executive Summary

“Over the past decade, numerous law enforcement officers, firefighters, and emergency medical services (EMS) workers were injured or killed along roadways throughout the United States. In 2008, as with the prior 10 years, more law enforcement officers died in traffic-related incidents than from any other cause; National Law¬† Enforcement Officers Memorial (NLEOM, 2008) over the past 12 years, an average of one officer per month was struck and killed by a vehicle in the United States. (FBI, 2007) Preliminary firefighter fatality statistics for 2008 reflect 29 of 114 firefighters killed on duty perished in motor vehicle crashes, (USFA, 2009a) similar to figures posted in previous years. According to a 2002 study (Maguire, et al.) that aggregated data from several independent sources, at least 67 EMS providers were killed in ground transportation-related events over the 6 years from 1992 to 1997.

These sobering facts clearly demonstrate the importance of addressing vehicle characteristics and human factors for reducing the morbidity and mortality of public safety personnel operating along the Nation’s highways and byways. Studies conducted in the United States and elsewhere suggest that increasing emergency vehicle visibility and conspicuity holds promise for enhancing first responders’ safety when exposed to traffic both inside and outside their response vehicles (e.g., patrol cars, motorcycles, fire apparatus, and ambulances).

This report, produced in partnership between the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) and the International Fire Service Training Association (IFSTA), with support from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), analyzes emergency vehicle visibility and conspicuity with an eye toward expanding efforts in these areas to improve vehicle and roadway operations safety for all emergency responders. Emphasis in this report is placed on passive visibility/conspicuity treatments; additional studies are underway on active technologies such as emergency vehicle warning lighting systems. (USFA, 2009b).”

…continues on the website

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