Air quality deteriorating in many of the world’s cities – WHO – 7 May 2014

Posted on May 8, 2014. Filed under: Environmental Health | Tags: , |

Air quality deteriorating in many of the world’s cities – WHO – 7 May 2014

“Air quality in most cities worldwide that monitor outdoor (ambient) air pollution fails to meet WHO guidelines for safe levels, putting people at additional risk of respiratory disease and other health problems.

WHO’s urban air quality database covers 1600 cities across 91 countries – 500 more cities than the previous database (2011), revealing that more cities worldwide are monitoring outdoor air quality, reflecting growing recognition of air pollution’s health risks.

Only 12% of the people living in cities reporting on air quality reside in cities where this complies with WHO air quality guideline levels. About half of the urban population being monitored is exposed to air pollution that is at least 2.5 times higher than the levels WHO recommends – putting those people at additional risk of serious, long-term health problems.

In most cities where there is enough data to compare the situation today with previous years, air pollution is getting worse. Many factors contribute to this increase, including reliance on fossil fuels such as coal fired power plants, dependence on private transport motor vehicles, inefficient use of energy in buildings, and the use of biomass for cooking and heating.

But some cities are making notable improvements – demonstrating that air quality can be improved by implementing policy measures such as banning the use of coal for “space heating” in buildings, using renewable or “clean” fuels for electricity production, and improving efficiency of motor vehicle engines.”

… continues on the site

Ambient (outdoor) air pollution in cities database 2014 – WHO

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Burden of disease from Household Air Pollution for 2012 – WHO – 25 March 2014

Posted on March 26, 2014. Filed under: Cardiol / Cardiothor Surg, Oncology, Respiratory Medicine | Tags: , |

Burden of disease from Household Air Pollution for 2012 – WHO – 25 March 2014

“In new estimates released today, WHO reports that in 2012 around 7 million people died – one in eight of total global deaths – as a result of air pollution exposure. This finding more than doubles previous estimates and confirms that air pollution is now the world’s largest single environmental health risk. Reducing air pollution could save millions of lives.”

… continues on the site

Report

 

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Multi-City Mortality & Morbidity Study – Environmental Protection and Heritage Council – reports dated 9 September 2010

Posted on September 14, 2010. Filed under: Cardiol / Cardiothor Surg, Environmental Health, Respiratory Medicine | Tags: , , |

Multi-City Mortality & Morbidity Study – Environmental Protection and Heritage Council – reports dated 9 September 2010

“In May 2003, the Environment Protection and Heritage Council approved a research study which examined the effects of air pollution of human health in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Canberra in Australia, and from Auckland and Christchurch in New Zealand.

The study included an analysis of data from these cities on mortality and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular disease using a standardised statistical approach consistent with large multi-city studies in the USA and Europe. The study also included an analysis of the health effects attributed to PM2.5 and PM10. The principal investigators were the University of the Sunshine Coast in association with the School of Population Health, University of Queensland, and associate investigators include New South Wales Health, Queensland Health, Environment Protection Victoria, West Australian Department of Environment Protection, Environment ACT, and the New Zealand Ministry for the Environment.

A final report of the study was presented by the investigators in 2006. A peer review of the study was initiated in 2007, focusing on the study design, the soundness and reliability of the statistical methods used and whether the methods employed had been applied appropriately.

The peer review was conducted by international experts (Prof Ross Anderson and Dr Richard Atkinson, St Georges Hospital, London; Dr Lucas Neas, US EPA; and, Dr Annette Peters, GSF Germany). All reviewers provided positive responses to the report and did not identify any issues with the method used in the analysis. Most comments focused on interpretation and presentation of the results. These issues were relayed to the researchers and were addressed in the finalisation of the report for the EPHC in July 2010.

The study will provide useful information for the review of the Ambient Air Quality NEPM.”

Expansion of the Multi-City Mortality and Morbidity Study – Executive Summary & Summary Report – Sept 2010 222KB

Multi-city – Volume 1 – Expansion of the Multi-City Mortality and Morbidity Study – Sept 2010 183KB

Multi-city – Volume 2 – Expansion of the Multi-City Mortality and Morbidity Study – Sept 2010 1.69MB

Multi-city – Volume 3 – Expansion of the Multi-City Mortality and Morbidity Study – Sept 2010 1.81MB

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