Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion

Population health systems: Going beyond integrated care – King’s Fund – 23 February 2015

Posted on February 25, 2015. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Population health systems: Going beyond integrated care – King’s Fund – 23 February 2015

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Comparative efficiency of health systems, corrected for selected lifestyle factors: Final report – European Union – 11 February 2015

Posted on February 13, 2015. Filed under: Health Systems Improvement, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Comparative efficiency of health systems, corrected for selected lifestyle factors: Final report – European Union – 11 February 2015

Media release: Study looks at the impact of lifestyle habits on the efficiency of Europe’s health systems

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Overcoming obesity: An initial economic analysis – McKinsey & Company – November 2014

Posted on November 24, 2014. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Overcoming obesity: An initial economic analysis – McKinsey & Company – November 2014

“A new McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) discussion paper, Overcoming obesity: An initial economic analysis, seeks to overcome these hurdles by offering an independent view on the components of a potential strategy. MGI has studied 74 interventions (in 18 areas) that are being discussed or piloted somewhere around the world to address obesity, including subsidized school meals for all, calorie and nutrition labeling, restrictions on advertising high-calorie food and drinks, and public-health campaigns. We found sufficient data on 44 of these interventions, in 16 areas.”

… continues

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Mapping the core public health workforce – Centre for Workforce Intelligence (CFWI) [UK] – October 2014

Posted on November 13, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion, Workforce | Tags: , |

Mapping the core public health workforce – Centre for Workforce Intelligence (CFWI) [UK] – October 2014

“The Mapping the core public health workforce report was commissioned by Public Health England (PHE), Health Education England (HEE) and the Department of Health (DH) to provide analysis and intelligence of which staff roles make up the core public health workforce in England.

During the course of this project, the CfWI has defined and provided numbers for 11 staff groups. These are based on staff who typically work between levels 5 and 9 on the Public Health Skills and Knowledge Framework (PHSKF).

Our research has concluded that the number of core public health workers in England is likely to range from around 36,000 to 41,000 people. The size of the range should be viewed as an indicator of the lack of reliable workforce data for several professions or staffing groups outlined in the report.”

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Everybody active, every day: an evidence-based approach to physical activity – Public Health England – 23 October 2014

Posted on October 24, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Everybody active, every day: an evidence-based approach to physical activity – Public Health England – 23 October 2014

Everybody active, every day: What works – the evidence

Everybody active, every day: The case for taking action now – a resource for MPs

Get everybody active every day – press release

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Impacts of climate change on public health in Australia: Recommendations for new policies and practices for adaptation within the public health sector – Deeble institute – 14 October 2014

Posted on October 21, 2014. Filed under: Climate Change, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Impacts of climate change on public health in Australia: Recommendations for new policies and practices for adaptation within the public health sector – Deeble institute – 14 October 2014

“This Issues Brief provides information, opinions and recommendations relevant to assessing the potential impacts of climate change on public health in Australia, as well as guidelines for decision-making in responding to these impacts.”

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Smart governance for health and well-being: the evidence – WHO – 2014

Posted on October 14, 2014. Filed under: Evidence Based Practice, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Smart governance for health and well-being: the evidence – WHO – 2014

ISBN 978 92 890 5066 1

“Governance for health describes the attempts of governments and other actors to steer communities, whole countries or even groups of countries in the pursuit of health as integral to well-being. This study tracks recent innovations to address the priority determinants of health and categorizes them into five strategic approaches to smart governance for health. It relates the emergence of joint action by the health and non-health sectors, public and private actors and citizens, all of which have increasing roles to play in achieving seminal changes in 21st-century societies.

The chapters presented here were initially commissioned as papers to provide the evidence base for a study to support the new European policy framework for health and well-being, Health 2020. Calling for a health-in-all-policies, whole-of-government and whole-of-society approach, Health 2020 uses governance as a lens through which to view all technical areas of health. This book provides access to background papers for the study on governance for health in the 21st century, published by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in 2012. Prepared by eminent experts, the chapters provide further detail on the issues raised, and culminate in a comprehensive depiction of what constitutes smart governance for health in the 21st century.”

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Standardised packaging can save lives and boost local economies – Public Health England – 6 August 2014

Posted on August 8, 2014. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Standardised packaging can save lives and boost local economies – Public Health England – 6 August 2014

“New Public Health England (PHE) figures reveal the potential benefits that standardised packaging of tobacco products could bring, not only for health, but in savings of around £500 million – providing a real economic boost to the most deprived communities.

The new figures come following recent official data from Australia, where standardised packaging was introduced in December 2012. Data from the Australian Treasury shows a 3.4% fall in tobacco sales by volume in the first year following the introduction of standardised packs. If that was mirrored here, PHE predicts that total savings across England would be around £500 million.

With tobacco a major cause of health inequalities – the greatest harm being suffered by the most disadvantaged – the benefits would be most felt in areas of greater social deprivation; not only reducing the devastating harm caused by smoking and boosting health improvement, but also increasing families’ disposable income – money that could be spent on other things providing a real boost to local economies.

Retailers earn relatively little profit from tobacco sales. On average, only 7 to 9% of the cost of tobacco is retained by the retailer, compared to 20 to 30% for food and drink products. Money saved by customers from reduced spending on tobacco is likely to be spent elsewhere locally and benefit local businesses more.”

… continues on the site

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Framework for personalised care and population health – Dept of Health [England] – 4 July 2014

Posted on July 8, 2014. Filed under: Patient Participation, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Framework for personalised care and population health – Dept of Health [England] – 4 July 2014

“Resource to support nurses, midwives, health visitors and AHPs to access best evidence for practice and deliver their public health role.”

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Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records – Institute of Medicine – 2014

Posted on June 25, 2014. Filed under: Health Informatics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records – Institute of Medicine – 2014

Institute of Medicine. Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records: Phase 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2014.

“Description

Substantial empirical evidence of the contribution of social and behavioral factors to functional status and the onset and progression of disease has accumulated over the past few decades. Electronic health records (EHRs) provide crucial information to providers treating individual patients, to health systems, including public health officials, about the health of populations, and to researchers about the determinants of health and the effectiveness of treatment. Inclusion of social and behavioral health domains in EHRs is vital to all three uses. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act place new importance on the widespread adoption and meaningful use of EHRs. “Meaningful use” in a health information technology context refers to the use of EHRs and related technology within a health care organization to achieve specified objectives. Achieving meaningful use also helps determine whether an organization can receive payments from the Medicare EHR Incentive Program or the Medicaid EHR Incentive Program.

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records is the first phase of a two-phase study to identify domains and measures that capture the social determinants of health to inform the development of recommendations for meaningful use of EHRs. This report identifies specific domains to be considered by the Office of the National Coordinator, specifies criteria that should be used in deciding which domains should be included, identifies core social and behavioral domains to be included in all EHRs, and identifies any domains that should be included for specific populations or settings defined by age, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, disease, or other characteristics.”

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Tackling health inequalities – the case for investment in the wider public health workforce – Royal Society for Public Health – June 2014

Posted on June 25, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion, Workforce |

Tackling health inequalities – the case for investment in the wider public health workforce – Royal Society for Public Health – June 2014

“A new report (Tackling health inequalities: the case for investment in the wider public health workforce) published today by RSPH is calling for greater investment and better understanding of the impact of the “wider public health workforce” – people who are not professionally qualified public health practitioners, but have the ability or opportunity to positively impact public health in their community.

The report argues that this “wider workforce” could be instrumental in reducing the burden of health inequalities – the financial cost of which was last estimated at close to £60bn.

Examining five key aspects of the wider public health workforce, including: health trainers, health champions, “Making Every Contact Count”, non-health professionals and healthy settings, the report has found significant evidence that this workforce is having an impact, although further research and increased investment is required. ”

… continues on the site

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How do we know if a program made a difference? A guide to statistical methods for program impact evaluation – 2014

Posted on June 24, 2014. Filed under: Evidence Based Practice, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

How do we know if a program made a difference? A guide to statistical methods for program impact evaluation – 2014

Lance, P., D. Guilkey, A. Hattori and G. Angeles. (2014). How do we know if a program made a difference? A guide to statistical methods for program impact evaluation. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: MEASURE Evaluation.
MEASURE Evaluation is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

“Abstract:
This manual provides an overview of core statistical and econometric methods for program impact evaluation (and, more generally, causal modelling). More detailed and advanced than typical brief reviews of the subject, it also strives to be more approachable to a wider range of readers than the advanced theoretical literature on program impact evaluation estimators. It thus forms a bridge between more basic treatments of the essentials of impact evaluation methods and the more advanced discussions. It seeks to discuss impact evaluation estimators in a thorough manner that does justice to their complexity, but in a fashion that is approachable.

The manual is targeted to: public health professionals at programs, government agencies, and NGOs who are the consumers of the information generated by program impact evaluations; professionals serving the aforementioned role in any area of programming that influences human welfare; graduate students in public health, public policy and the social sciences; technical staff at evaluation projects; journalists looking for a more nuanced understanding of the steady stream of impact (and, more broadly, causal) studies on which they are asked to report; analysts at health analytics organizations; and so on.”

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Obesity: perception and policy – multi-country review and survey of policymakers – C3 Collaborating for Health – launched 29 May 2014

Posted on June 24, 2014. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Obesity: perception and policy – multi-country review and survey of policymakers – C3 Collaborating for Health – launched 29 May 2014

“Over the last few decades, rates of obesity have been rapidly rising, first across the developed world and, more recently, in developing countries. The health impacts can be myriad and serious, and the implications for individuals and for governments – including increasing health-care costs and falling economic output – are clear. Policymakers will be faced with the financial consequences of obesity – and they are well placed to take action to control the epidemic and its health repercussions. However, are their perceptions of obesity and obesity policy accurate? Do they appreciate the extent of the epidemic, the drivers of obesity, and the tools and actions that need to be taken to make a difference?

To address these questions, the European Association for the Study of Obesity, with C3 Collaborating for Health, commissioned a survey of policymakers’ attitudes towards and knowledge of obesity issues. It built on a successful survey of policymakers carried out in three countries in 2013 (England, Spain and the United States), extending it to a further eight (Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy and Mexico). The survey found that policymakers would benefit from greater awareness of the extent of obesity and overweight (and particularly the latter) in their countries, with a better appreciation of ‘what works’ and the impact of obesity-prevention and -management programmes. If policymakers have solid knowledge of the extent of the problem and the existing evidence on successful interventions, national policies are more likely to be put in place that adequately address the reality of tackling obesity in the population.”

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Public Health 2030: A Scenario Exploration – Institute for Alternative Futures – 2014

Posted on June 23, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Public Health 2030: A Scenario Exploration – Institute for Alternative Futures – 2014

Full text of the report

“What will be the greatest accomplishments for public health in the next two decades? What obstacles may prove insurmountable? What will public health look like in the U.S. in the year 2030? What should public health leaders be doing today? What do we want public health to be in the U.S. in 2030 that can inform today’s agenda?

Public health leaders have an opportunity to influence which future unfolds and how. IAF has developed alternative public health scenarios to invite readers to recognize that the future is uncertain, but can be bounded using the knowledge we have today. IAF’s Public Health 2030 project and report equips leaders with a broader awareness of the relevant trends and forces so that they can more adroitly shape the future of public health. The national report also offers “robust” strategies that were developed by leaders and experts from across the U.S. at a national workshop, and will be effective and advance the field no matter what the future holds.

On this webpage you can find:

:: National Public Health 2030 Scenario Report

:: National Public Health 2030 Workshop Toolkit

:: Local and State Public Health 2030 Scenarios

:: Local and State Public Health Workshop Toolkit

:: Public Health 2030 Driver Forecasts

Organizations and communities can use the scenarios as a living tool for strategy formulation by using them to: (1) Test whether current strategies will be effective in the different scenarios. (2) Formulate strategies to more effectively adapt to the changing environment. (3) Assure that strategic plans address the larger picture and longer-term futures for the public health community.

Click on the links above or scroll down this page to view the materials. The Public Health 2030 project was supported by funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Kresge Foundation.”

… continues on the site

 

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Supporting a Movement for Health and Health Equity: Workshop Summary – Institute of Medicine – 2014

Posted on June 19, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Supporting a Movement for Health and Health Equity: Workshop Summary – Institute of Medicine – 2014

Institute of Medicine. Supporting a Movement for Health and Health Equity: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2014

“Description

Supporting a Movement for Health and Health Equity is the summary of a workshop convened in December 2013 by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity and the Elimination of Health Disparities and the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement to explore the lessons that may be gleaned from social movements, both those that are health-related and those that are not primarily focused on health. Participants and presenters focused on elements identified from the history and sociology of social change movements and how such elements can be applied to present-day efforts nationally and across communities to improve the chances for long, healthy lives for all.

The idea of movements and movement building is inextricably linked with the history of public health. Historically, most movements – including, for example, those for safer working conditions, for clean water, and for safe food – have emerged from the sustained efforts of many different groups of individuals, which were often organized in order to protest and advocate for changes in the name of such values as fairness and human rights. The purpose of the workshop was to have a conversation about how to support the fragments of health movements that roundtable members believed they could see occurring in society and in the health field. Recent reports from the National Academies have highlighted evidence that the United States gets poor value on its extraordinary investments in health – in particular, on its investments in health care – as American life expectancy lags behind that of other wealthy nations. As a result, many individuals and organizations, including the Healthy People 2020 initiative, have called for better health and longer lives.”

 

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Health behaviours and incentives – European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies – Eurohealth v.20 (2) 2014

Posted on June 19, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Health behaviours and incentives – European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies – Eurohealth v.20 (2) 2014

Eurohealth Observer [contents]
To nudge, or not to nudge,
Inequalities and health behaviours,
Effectiveness and ethics of health incentives,
Nudging and solidarity,
Nudging debate in the Netherlands;

Eurohealth International –
Political strategies in public health;

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Knowledge strategy: Harnessing the power of information to improve the public’s health – Public Health England – 17 June 2014

Posted on June 18, 2014. Filed under: Knowledge Translation, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Knowledge strategy: Harnessing the power of information to improve the public’s health – Public Health England – 17 June 2014

“This document describes the strategic approach to information and knowledge that the public health system needs to take in order to improve and protect public health and reduce inequalities. The knowledge strategy was developed following an extended and open consultation process and incorporates responses from local government, national organisations and key partners.”

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Institute of Medicine. The Current State of Obesity Solutions in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2014

Posted on June 16, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Institute of Medicine. The Current State of Obesity Solutions in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2014

“Description

For the first time in decades, promising news has emerged regarding efforts to curb the obesity crisis in the United States. Obesity rates have fallen among low-income children in 18 states, the prevalence of obesity has plateaued among girls, regardless of ethnicity, and targeted efforts in states such as Massachusetts have demonstrably reduced the prevalence of obesity among children. Although the reasons for this turnaround are as complex and multifaceted as the reasons for the dramatic rise in obesity rates in recent decades, interventions to improve nutrition and increase physical activity are almost certainly major contributors. Yet major problems remain. Diseases associated with obesity continue to incur substantial costs and cause widespread human suffering. Moreover, substantial disparities in obesity rates exist among population groups, and in some cases these disparities are widening. Some groups and regions are continuing to experience increases in obesity rates, and the prevalence of severe obesity is continuing to rise.

The Current State of Obesity Solutions in the United States is the summary of a workshop convened in January 2014 by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Obesity Solutions to foster an ongoing dialogue on critical and emerging implementation, policy, and research issues to accelerate progress in obesity prevention and care. Representatives of public health, health care, government, the food industry, education, philanthropy, the nonprofit sector, and academia met to discuss interventions designed to prevent and treat obesity. The workshop focused on early care and education, schools, worksites, health care institutions, communities and states, the federal government, and business and industry. For each of these groups, this report provides an overview of current efforts to improve nutrition, increase physical activity, and reduce disparities among populations.”

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Functions of the local public health system – Faculty of Public Health of the Royal Colleges of Physicians of the UK – 9 June 2014

Posted on June 11, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Functions of the local public health system – Faculty of Public Health of the Royal Colleges of Physicians of the UK – 9 June 2014

“FPH has developed a document setting out the local public health function in England. It was originally drafted by a working group led by Maggie Rae, FPH Local Board Member and Corporate Director of Public Health and Public Protection for Wiltshire Council, with help from Ruth Woolley, Frances Chinemana and many other FPH Fellows. It has subsequently been reviewed by a working group comprising representatives from the different domains of public health practice and from Public Health England.

These functions are written with the public health system in England in mind. However, we believe they are relevant to public health practice in other jurisdictions, and we recognise further development will be required to ensure local compatibility in this regard.

Public health requires effective action by many different organisations and players. The balance of responsibility will vary from place to place, but the essential functions which must be assured in every locality remain constant. It is these functions which we have set out in this document.

This document replaces the draft minimum standards for PH teams published by FPH in November 2013.”

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Health risks of e-cigarettes emerge – ScienceNews – 3 June 2014

Posted on June 9, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Health risks of e-cigarettes emerge – ScienceNews – 3 June 2014

E-Cigarettes: A Scientific Review – Circulation – 2014; 129: 1972-1986

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The New Zealand Guidelines for Helping People to Stop Smoking – Ministry of Health – 6 June 2014

Posted on June 6, 2014. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

The New Zealand Guidelines for Helping People to Stop Smoking – Ministry of Health – 6 June 2014

“The New Zealand Guidelines for Helping People to Stop Smoking (the Guidelines) provide health care workers with advice they can use when dealing with people who smoke. These Guidelines replace the 2007 New Zealand Smoking Cessation Guidelines and are based on a recent review of the effectiveness and affordability of stop-smoking interventions.

These Guidelines remain structured around the ABC pathway, which was introduced in the 2007 Guidelines. However, the definitions of A, B and C (see below) have been improved to emphasise the importance of making an offer of cessation support and referring people who smoke to a stop-smoking service.”

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Actions to Encourage Healthy Weight and Healthy Lifestyles – NZ Ministry of Health – 27 May 2014

Posted on May 28, 2014. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Actions to Encourage Healthy Weight and Healthy Lifestyles – NZ Ministry of Health – 27 May 2014

“Encouraging families to live healthy lives – by making good food choices, being physically active, sustaining a healthy weight, not smoking and drinking alcohol only in moderation – is part of the Government’s approach to promoting good health.

As in many countries around the world, obesity and its associated health problems are increasing in New Zealand. A high body mass index is now one of the top three risk factors contributing to ill health and disability, and reduced life expectancy. The costs of the consequences of obesity are shouldered not only by individuals and families, but also by our communities, our health services and the whole of society.

A number of steps are being taken to help New Zealanders improve their nutrition, increase their physical activity and to achieve and maintain a healthy weight. Drivers of obesity are complex and are shaped by biological, environmental, and social influences. International evidence on what is effective in reducing obesity is still evolving; there is agreement that multiple actions across a range of sectors and settings are required to cover both prevention and treatment.

The purpose of this publication is to outline for the public, in a single place, the many and varied actions being taken to help New Zealanders improve their nutrition, increase their physical activity and to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.”

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Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage: Final report of the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage – launched 1 May 2014

Posted on May 21, 2014. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage: Final report of the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage – launched 1 May 2014

ISBN 978 92 4 150715 8

Extract from the Executive Summary:

“Universal health coverage (UHC) is defined as all people receiving quality health services that meet their needs without being exposed to financial hardship in paying for the services. Given resource constraints, this does not entail all possible services, but a comprehensive range of key services that is well aligned with other social goals. UHC was firmly endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 2005 and further supported in the World Health Report 2010. Since then, more than seventy countries have requested policy support and technical advice for UHC reform from the World Health Organization (WHO). In response, WHO developed a plan of action that included providing guidance on how countries can manage the central issues of fairness and equity that arise on the path to UHC. The WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage was set up to develop this guidance.

This document is the Consultative Group’s final report. The report addresses the key issues of fairness and equity by clarifying these issues and offering recommendations for how countries can manage them. The report is relevant for a wide range of actors and particularly for governments in charge of overseeing and guiding the progress toward UHC.

To achieve UHC, countries must advance in at least three dimensions. Countries must expand priority services, include more people, and reduce out-of-pocket payments. However, in each of these dimensions, countries are faced with a critical choice: Which services to expand first, whom to include first, and how to shift from out-of-pocket payment toward prepayment? A commitment to fairness—and the overlapping concern for equity—and a commitment to respecting individuals’ rights to health care must guide countries in making these choices. For fair progressive realization of UHC, the three critical choices and the trade-offs between the dimensions must be carefully addressed. ”

 

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Public Health England publishes independent evidence papers on e-cigarettes – 15 May 2014

Posted on May 16, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Public Health England publishes independent evidence papers on e-cigarettes – 15 May 2014

Electronic Cigarettes: a report commissioned by Public Health England by Professor John Britton and Dr Ilze Bogdanovica (University of Nottingham) takes a broad look at the issues relating to e-cigarettes including their role in tobacco harm reduction, potential hazards, potential benefits and regulation.

E-cigarette uptake and marketing: a report commissioned by Public Health England by Professor Linda Bauld, Kathryn Angus and Dr Marisa de Andrade (University of Stirling) examines use of e-cigarettes by children and young people, the scale and nature of current marketing and its implications, in particular in relation to its potential appeal to young people.

Publication of the evidence papers coincides with a national symposium, ‘Electronic cigarettes and tobacco harm reduction’, being held by PHE in London today. The symposium brings together senior public health leaders to discuss the opportunities and risks presented by the rise of e-cigarettes, and to identify areas of consensus to inform future action.”

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Strategic Plan of the Fogarty International Center at NIH – 29 April 2014

Posted on May 6, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Strategic Plan of the Fogarty International Center at NIH – 29 April 2014

“Fogarty’s updated Strategic Plan will advance the global health research agenda by building on past and current Fogarty investments and successes in a way that responds to the changed landscape in global health. Fogarty investments will continue to advance the goals and sustain the leadership of the NIH and the U.S. government in biomedical research, while improving the health of Americans and populations across the globe.”

… continues on the site

News release: NIH center sets new goals for global health research and training

“Global health research and training efforts should focus on combatting the growing epidemic of noncommunicable diseases, better incorporating information technology into research and training, and more effectively converting scientific discoveries into practice in low-resource settings, according to the Fogarty International Center’s new strategic plan, released today. Fogarty is the component of the National Institutes of Health solely focused on supporting global health research and training, and coordinating international research partnerships across the agency.”

… continues on the site

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Public health consultant and specialist staff survey 2013 – Centre for Workforce Intelligence [UK] – 2 May 2014

Posted on May 5, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion, Workforce |

Public health consultant and specialist staff survey 2013 – Centre for Workforce Intelligence [UK] – 2 May 2014

“This survey provides a snapshot of current career intentions and issues affecting recruitment and retention within the public health specialist workforce since the changes to the public health system introduced on 1 April 2013 which resulted in responsibility for public health transferring from the NHS to local authorities.

The survey was conducted online in November and December 2013 with just over half of the target population participating.It revealed the following key findings:

Job satisfaction – public health consultants and specialists rated their job satisfaction as 6 out of 10 on average. Many appreciated the variety of their work and the potential to make an impact, with 52 per cent giving a job satisfaction rating of 7 out of 10 or higher.

Career intentions – just over half of respondents expected to remain in their current post for the next one to two years, and just over 20 per cent over the next three to five years.

Changing roles and responsibilities – over 70 per cent of respondents anticipated changes to their roles and responsibilities over the next one to two years, with changes to organisational boundaries, policy and procedures most commonly cited as expected changes.

Career support – over half of respondents rated the support provided by their employer as 6 out of 10 or higher, suggesting that overall career support was moderately good while a sizeable minority rated the level of support from their employer as 3 out of 10 or lower.

Education and training – the most popular suggestions to encourage new applicants to the profession were clearly defined career pathways, a clear vision for public health, and favourable terms and conditions.

Career recommendation – encouragingly, 48 per cent said they would recommend a career in public health, compared to only 22 per cent of respondents who would not.”

Media release

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Weight Management Economic Assessment Tool [for public health professionals] – Public Health England – 28 April 2014

Posted on May 1, 2014. Filed under: Health Economics, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Weight Management Economic Assessment Tool [for public health professionals] – Public Health England – 28 April 2014

“The newly developed tool will help local authorities (LAs) to assess the financial benefit of adult weight management programmes to prevent and reduce obesity. LAs will now be able to compare the cost of a programme with potential future healthcare savings that may result. This will help them in their ongoing efforts to achieve a decline in obesity rates by 2020.

The tool estimates the health impact of weight loss in any group of adults who have participated in a programme. The tool is accessible, easy to use and allows users to enter their own local data which will produce forecasts for up to 25 years.”

… continues on the site

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Ageing alone: loneliness and the oldest old – CentreForum – April 2014

Posted on May 1, 2014. Filed under: Aged Care / Geriatrics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Ageing alone: loneliness and the oldest old – CentreForum – April 2014

“Loneliness causes misery and poor quality of life for too many people, but it is the oldest old – the over 85s – who are most badly affected. Nearly half of this age group experience loneliness some or most of the time. Understanding loneliness in this age group is becoming increasingly important as what was once a small group of exceptional individuals rapidly grows into a whole new generation.

This new CentreForum report by James Kempton and Sam Tomlin argues that loneliness should be a public health priority and explores practical steps that can be taken to reduce levels of loneliness among the oldest old.

Addressed to politicians and policy makers in both central and local government, leaders and innovators in the voluntary and community sector, and wider society as a whole, the report urges them to give more priority to the services and support that we know can help older people avoid ageing in loneliness and isolation.”

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The Second Curve of Population Health – American Hospital Association, Health Research & Educational Trust – March 2014

Posted on April 30, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

The Second Curve of Population Health – American Hospital Association, Health Research & Educational Trust – March 2014

extract from the executive summary:

“As hospitals and care systems transform, they are increasingly prioritizing population health as a platform to improve the health of patients and communities. Myriad forces are driving these health care organizations to actively address a broad array of socioeconomic and environmental factors and provide preventive care, particularly for populations who lack access to care or engage the system at the wrong place and time. Building on health care futurist Ian Morrison’s idea of health care transformation as a shift from a fee-for-service first curve to a value-based second curve, the second curve of population health depicts an integrated approach to improving patient and community health. For many hospitals, thriving in the second-curve environment will necessitate making challenging organizational and cultural changes to support new goals and initiatives.

This guide builds upon prior American Hospital Association reports that outline a road map for hospitals and care systems to use as they transition to the second curve of population health. Though the rate and extent to which hospitals and care systems engage in population health initiatives may vary, a significant shift toward population health is anticipated in the next three to five years. The tactics described in this guide provide a framework for initiatives that hospitals and care systems could pursue to develop an institutional infrastructure that supports population health. These tactics are:”

… continues on the site

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Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records Phase 1 – Committee on the Recommended Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures for Electronic Health Records; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Institute of Medicine (US) – 2014

Posted on April 28, 2014. Filed under: Health Informatics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records Phase 1 – Committee on the Recommended Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures for Electronic Health Records; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Institute of Medicine (US) – 2014

“Description

Substantial empirical evidence of the contribution of social and behavioral factors to functional status and the onset and progression of disease has accumulated over the past few decades. Electronic health records (EHRs) provide crucial information to providers treating individual patients, to health systems, including public health officials, about the health of populations, and to researchers about the determinants of health and the effectiveness of treatment. Inclusion of social and behavioral health domains in EHRs is vital to all three uses. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act place new importance on the widespread adoption and meaningful use of EHRs. “Meaningful use” in a health information technology context refers to the use of EHRs and related technology within a health care organization to achieve specified objectives. Achieving meaningful use also helps determine whether an organization can receive payments from the Medicare EHR Incentive Program or the Medicaid EHR Incentive Program.

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records is the first phase of a two-phase study to identify domains and measures that capture the social determinants of health to inform the development of recommendations for meaningful use of EHRs. This report identifies specific domains to be considered by the Office of the National Coordinator, specifies criteria that should be used in deciding which domains should be included, identifies core social and behavioral domains to be included in all EHRs, and identifies any domains that should be included for specific populations or settings defined by age, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, disease, or other characteristics.”

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Including Health in Global Frameworks for Development, Wealth, and Climate Change: Workshop Summary – Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2014

Posted on April 24, 2014. Filed under: Climate Change, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

Including Health in Global Frameworks for Development, Wealth, and Climate Change: Workshop Summary – Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2014

“Description

Including Health in Global Frameworks for Development, Wealth, and Climate Change is the summary of a three-part public webinar convened by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine and its collaborative on Global Environmental Health and Sustainable Development. Presenters and participants discussed the role of health in measuring a country’s wealth (going beyond gross domestic product), health scenario communication, and international health goals and indicators. The workshop focused on fostering discussion across academic, government, business, and civil society sectors to make use of existing data and information that can be adapted to track progress of global sustainable development and human health. This report examines frameworks for global development goals and connections to health indicators, the role for health in the context of novel sustainable economic frameworks that go beyond gross domestic product, and scenarios to project climate change impacts.”

 

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The equity action spectrum: taking a comprehensive approach. Guidance for addressing inequities in health – WHO – 2014

Posted on April 24, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

The equity action spectrum: taking a comprehensive approach. Guidance for addressing inequities in health – WHO – 2014

“While population health indicators have improved across Europe overall, that improvement has not been experienced equally everywhere, or by all.

This is one of a series of policy briefs that describe practical actions to address health inequities, especially in relation to tobacco, alcohol, obesity and injury, the priority public health challenges facing Europe.

It offers policy-makers and public health professionals the tools and guidance to implement the Health 2020 vision – the new health policy framework for Europe developed by WHO/Europe – and the recommendations of the review of social determinants of health and the health divide led by Sir Michael Marmot and his team. This policy brief provides a framework that policy-makers at national, regional and local levels can apply to their own unique context, to help them consider the processes by which inequities occur and suggest policy interventions to address them.”

 

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Are Electronic Cigarettes a Public Good or Health Hazard? – Harvard Business School – 23 April 2014

Posted on April 24, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Are Electronic Cigarettes a Public Good or Health Hazard? – Harvard Business School – 23 April 2014

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Why Income Gaps Matter – Policy Quarterly – February 2014

Posted on April 16, 2014. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Why Income Gaps Matter – Policy Quarterly – February 2014

“The income gap between rich and poor, which is now much larger in most developed countries than it was 30 years ago, has become one of the more pressing problems facing both the public and policy makers. One approach to this problem of (in)equality is to argue that the income gaps themselves are concerning, and should be narrowed. If we think of the income distribution as a ladder, this is the equivalent of saying that the rungs on the ladder are too far apart. A second approach, however, is to say that income gaps per se are not of concern; what matters is whether people can move freely between those different incomes – whether they can jump, as it were, from one rung to another. There are still other approaches, of course, but the contrast between these two is very revealing and merits closer scrutiny.”

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Standardised packaging of tobacco: Report of the independent review undertaken by Sir Cyril Chantler – 3 April 2014

Posted on April 8, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Standardised packaging of tobacco: Report of the independent review undertaken by Sir Cyril Chantler – 3 April 2014

Plain Packaging Review: Independent Review into standardised packaging of tobacco [UK] – 3 April 2014

The report of the independent review into standardised packaging of tobacco, undertaken by Sir Cyril Chantler, was published on Thursday 3 April 2014

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Checking the nations health – The value of council scrutiny – Centre for Public Scrutiny – CfPS [UK] – March 2014

Posted on March 31, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Checking the nations health – The value of council scrutiny – Centre for Public Scrutiny – CfPS [UK] – March 2014

This publication showcases the learning from CfPS’ recent NHS Health Check Programme

NHS Health Check is a priority for Government with CfPS cited as a key partner within the ten-point action plan. CfPS worked with five areas to highlight the value council scrutiny can bring to NHS Health Check, by using our return on investment approach to running a scrutiny review.

Further information on the programme can be found on our NHS Health Check Page. CfPS is grateful to the councillors, officers and Expert Advisers that took part in this programme for their hard work and commitment.”

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Applying a Health Lens to Decision Making in Non-Health Sectors: Workshop Summary – National Research Council – 2014

Posted on March 28, 2014. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Applying a Health Lens to Decision Making in Non-Health Sectors: Workshop Summary – National Research Council – 2014

National Research Council. Applying a Health Lens to Decision Making in Non-Health Sectors: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2014.

“Description

Health is influenced by a wide range of factors, many of which fall outside of the health care delivery sector. These determinants of health include, for example, the characteristics of how people live, work, learn, and play. Decision and policy making in areas such as transportation, housing, and education at different levels of government, and in the private sector, can have far-reaching impacts on health. Throughout the United States there has been increasing dialogue on incorporating a health perspective into policies, programs, and projects outside the health field.

Applying a Health Lens to Decision Making in Non-Health Sectors is the summary of a workshop convened in September 2013 by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Population Health Improvement to foster cross-sectoral dialogue and consider the opportunities for and barriers to improving the conditions for health in the course of achieving other societal objectives (e.g., economic development, efficient public transit). The roundtable engaged members, outside experts, and stakeholders on three core issues: supporting fruitful interaction between primary care and public health; strengthening governmental public health; and exploring community action in transforming the conditions that influence the public’s health. This report is a discussion of health in all policies approaches to promote consideration for potential health effects in policy making in many relevant domains, such as education, transportation, and housing.”

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Smoking Cessation Interventions in Pregnancy and Postpartum Care – Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US) – February 2014

Posted on March 26, 2014. Filed under: Obstetrics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Smoking Cessation Interventions in Pregnancy and Postpartum Care – Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US) – February 2014

“Structured Abstract

Objective:
The Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center systematically reviewed evidence about smoking cessation interventions in pregnant and postpartum women.

Data sources:
We searched MEDLINE®, CINAHL®, and PsycINFO® for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on interventions and prospective studies on patient characteristics published in English.

Review methods:
We dually reviewed abstracts and full texts. Studies were excluded if they did not address a Key Question, were not an eligible study design, or did not report biochemically validated smoking cessation outcomes. Data were extracted into evidence tables and summarized qualitatively. A meta-analysis of effectiveness data assessed relative impact of components in smoking cessation interventions.

Results:
We included 59 unique studies reported in 72 publications. Of the 56 RCTs, 13 were good, 15 fair, and 28 poor quality. Studies evaluated counseling-based interventions, educational materials, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), peer support, multicomponent interventions, and other unique interventions. Multicomponent approaches were most likely to be effective, but results were inconsistent. In the meta-analysis, incentives demonstrated the strongest effect; other components with a greater than 80-percent likelihood of success were feedback about biologic measures, information, personal followup, NRT, and quit guides. Findings regarding infant outcomes were inconsistent or did not reach statistical significance. No serious harms were identified in four studies that reported adverse events.

Conclusions:
Across interventions, data are sparse to evaluate sustained cessation among pregnant and postpartum women. This review suggests that approaches that combine multiple components will have the best likelihood of success. Selecting which components to include is more complex and should be based on the particular considerations of the clinical setting, including patient characteristics and resource allocation, but incentives demonstrated the greatest effect among components studied. Infant outcomes are limited to data collected at time of birth; no studies assessed longer term or child outcomes. Harms data were rarely reported.”

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Validation of a deprivation index for public health: a complex exercise illustrated by the Quebec index – Public Health Agency of Canada – February 2014

Posted on March 25, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Validation of a deprivation index for public health: a complex exercise illustrated by the Quebec index – Public Health Agency of Canada – February 2014

“Abstract

Introduction: Despite the widespread use of deprivation indices in public health, they are rarely explicitly or extensively validated, owing to the complex nature of the exercise.

Methods: Based on the proposals of British researchers, we sought to validate Quebec’s material and social deprivation index using criteria of validity (content, criterion and construct validity), reliability and responsiveness, as well as other properties relevant to public health (comprehensibility, objectivity and practicality).

Results: We reviewed the international literature on deprivation indices, as well as publications and uses of the Quebec index, to which we added factual data.

Conclusion: Based on the review, it appears that the Quebec index responds favourably to the proposed validation criteria and properties. However, additional validations are required to better identify the contextual factors associated with the index.”

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How does money influence health? – Joseph Rowntree Foundation – March 2014

Posted on March 25, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

How does money influence health? – Joseph Rowntree Foundation – March 2014

“This report explores the association between income and health throughout the life course and within families.

Improving the income of the poorest members of society is often proposed as a way of improving their health, and hence reducing health inequalities. However, for this policy to be effective, it is important to understand how money influences health. Effective policy responses must take all the factors that link income and health into account.”

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The future of public health: A horizon scan – RAND – 18 March 2014

Posted on March 25, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

The future of public health: A horizon scan – RAND – 18 March 2014

“Public Health England (PHE) commissioned RAND Europe to undertake a horizon scanning study exploring the future of public health and related scientific services. This work was intended to help inform thinking at the strategic level within PHE, firstly in relation to the wider vision of the Agency (which was only established in April 2013) and, secondly, in relation to the proposals for the creation of an integrated public health science hub.

The report is based on a literature review, a brief Delphi exercise using the ExpertLens platform and key informant interviews with a range of PHE staff and external experts. It focuses on the different future public health science needs and the extent to which an integrated science hub could serve PHE as it evolves over the next twenty years. Thus, the report considers PHE’s future remit and objectives in order that decisions about an integrated and co-located science hub be made in context and with reference to expert perceptions about the future.”

 

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Society at a glance 2014: OECD social indicators – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development – 18 March 2014

Posted on March 19, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Society at a glance 2014: OECD social indicators – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development – 18 March 2014

DOI: 10.1787/soc_glance-2014-en

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How does money influence health? – Joseph Rowntree Foundation JRF – 10 March 2014

Posted on March 13, 2014. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

How does money influence health? – Joseph Rowntree Foundation – 10 March 2014

“This study looks at hundreds of theories to consider how income influences health. There is a graded association between money and health – increased income equates to better health. But the reasons are debated.

Researchers have reviewed theories from 272 wide-ranging papers, most of which examined the complex interactions between people’s income and their health throughout their lives.

Key points

This research identifies four main ways money affects people’s wellbeing:”

… continues on the site

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Practical Playbook – Public Health . Primary Care. Together. – CDC – Duke University School of Medicine , de Beaumont Foundation

Posted on March 10, 2014. Filed under: General Practice, Primary Hlth Care, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Practical Playbook – Public Health . Primary Care. Together. – CDC – Duke University School of Medicine , de Beaumont Foundation

“What is the Practical Playbook?

The Practical Playbook is a stepping stone in the next transformation of health, in which primary care and public health groups collaborate to achieve population health improvement and reduced health care costs. It supports increased collaborations between primary care and public health groups by guiding users through the stages of integrated population health improvement. Throughout each stage, the Practical Playbook provides helpful resources such as success stories from across the country, lessons-learned from existing partnerships, and further guidance from industry experts.

We use the playbook metaphor because improving collaboration between public health and primary care takes a thoughtful game plan. Like a sports playbook, the Practical Playbook defines the role of each team member as well as actions for different situations. As a playbook, it’s neither a rulebook nor a set of peer-reviewed guidelines. It’s something more practical – because we need real-life, flexible guidance to help us apply the theoretical principles of integration to our work.”

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The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement negotiations and the health of Australians: A policy brief – UNSW – February 2014

Posted on February 19, 2014. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Hirono, K., Gleeson, D., Haigh, F., Harris, P. (2014). The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement negotiations and the health of Australians: A policy brief. Centre for Health Equity Training, Research and Evaluation, Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, UNSW Australia.

Extract from the executive summary

“This policy brief examines the potential impact of provisions proposed for the TPPA on the health of Australians, focusing on two specific issues: the cost of medicines, and the ability of government to take major steps to improve the health of Australians by regulating the areas of tobacco and alcohol policy. In each of these areas we trace some of the pathways through which provisions that have been proposed for the TPPA may impact on the health of the Australian population, and the health of specific groups within the population. We highlight the ways in which some of the expected economic gains from the TPPA may be undermined by health and economic costs.”

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Response to Major Fires: Guideline for Public Health Units – Revised edition 2014 – NZ Ministry of Health – 28 January 2014

Posted on February 18, 2014. Filed under: Environmental Health, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Response to Major Fires: Guideline for Public Health Units – Revised edition 2014 – NZ Ministry of Health – 28 January 2014

“Summary

When major fires occur, public health units are involved if the public health may be put at risk.

The purpose of these guidelines is to assist the public health response to major fires. The focus is on industrial fires, but some of the content is also relevant to large scrub or forest fires, such as the 2010 Mt Allan forest fire in Dunedin.

These guidelines:

provide an overview of the types of contaminant that can be released during fires and the information that needs to be collected to inform decisions on sampling and analysis
include advice on evacuation versus sheltering in relation to fire incidents, health monitoring and communication.

They do not replace hazardous substance incident protocols that have been developed by a public health unit for use in its own region.”

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Healthier and more sustainable catering: a toolkit for serving food to adults – NHS England – 12 February 2014

Posted on February 18, 2014. Filed under: Dietetics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Healthier and more sustainable catering: a toolkit for serving food to adults – NHS England – 12 February 2014

This guidance highlights the principles that have been used in generating the advice and a toolkit to achieve a healthier and more sustainable catering service. The guidance, together with the tools, will help those who need to, or have chosen to, meet government buying standards for food and catering services.

The Nutrition Checker Tool will allow you to check your food purchases and service against the nutrition criteria in the Government Buying Standards for Food and Catering Services (GBSF).

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Commuting and Personal Well-being, 2014 – Office for National Statistics [UK] – 12 February 2014

Posted on February 17, 2014. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Commuting and Personal Well-being, 2014 – Office for National Statistics [UK] – 12 February 2014

Full text of the paper

“Abstract

This article examines the relationship between commuting to work and personal well-being using regression analysis. It identifies how time spent commuting and method of travel affect life satisfaction, a sense that our daily activities are worthwhile, and levels of happiness and anxiety.”

 

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Unfair economic arrangements make us sick: How should Australia respond to the expanding financial inequities among its citizens? – Australia 21 – 2014

Posted on February 17, 2014. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Unfair economic arrangements make us sick: How should Australia respond to the expanding financial inequities among its citizens? – Australia 21 – 2014

Prepared by Sharon Friel, Professor of Health, Equity, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University and Richard Denniss, Executive Director, The Australia Institute

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Public health transformation nine months on – bedding in and reaching out – Local Government Association – 4 February 2014

Posted on February 5, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Public health transformation nine months on – bedding in and reaching out – Local Government Association – 4 February 2014

“Public health made the formal transfer to local government in April 2013, and in the subsequent months great strides have been made to tackle the wider social and economic determinants of poor health.

This resource commissioned by the LGA and PHE describes how public health in a number of councils has started to use the opportunities of a local government setting to improve health and wellbeing.”

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City Health Check: How Design Can Save Lives and Money – Royal Institute of British Architects – 30 January 2014

Posted on January 31, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

City Health Check: How Design Can Save Lives and Money – Royal Institute of British Architects – 30 January 2014

“Do our cities support healthy, active choices on a daily basis? Does the architecture and urban design of our cities impact on public health? In this health check we compare serious health problems in nine of the most populated cities in England and how these problems relate to our urban environment and levels of exercise.”

Media release: England losing almost £1bn a year due to poorly designed public space

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Guide to monitoring and evaluating knowledge managment in global health programs – Center for Communication Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health – 2013

Posted on January 30, 2014. Filed under: Knowledge Translation, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Guide to monitoring and evaluating knowledge managment in global health programs – Center for Communication Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health – 2013

ISBN 978-0-9894734-9-1

This newly-updated Guide offers comprehensive guidance including a unique logic model and 42 common indicators to measure the process, reach, usefulness, and learning/action outcomes of knowledge management (KM) activities in the context of global health and development programs. It is the successor to the 2007 Guide to Monitoring Health Information Products and Services.”

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The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress – CDC – January 2014

Posted on January 23, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014.

 

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Multi-disciplinary teams in public health – UK’s Faculty of Public Health – 13 January 2014

Posted on January 16, 2014. Filed under: Multidisciplinary Care, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Multi-disciplinary teams in public health – UK’s Faculty of Public Health – 13 January 2014

“Public Health England, the Faculty of Public Health (FPH), the Association of Directors of Public Health and the Local Government Association will work together to develop good practice guidance on the skill mix which councils may want to consider in a local public health team.”

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Do Workplace Wellness Programs Save Employers Money? – RAND – January 2014

Posted on January 13, 2014. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion, Workforce | Tags: |

Do Workplace Wellness Programs Save Employers Money? – RAND – January 2014

“Examines the return on investment (ROI) that companies realize from workplace wellness programs, focusing on the ROI provided by disease management programs versus lifestyle management programs.”

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Ashgabat Declaration on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Context of Health 2020 – WHO – 4 December 2013

Posted on January 9, 2014. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Ashgabat Declaration on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Context of Health 2020 – WHO – 4 December 2013

 

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Health and care integration: making the case from a public health perspective – Public Health England – 19 December 2013

Posted on December 24, 2013. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Health and care integration: making the case from a public health perspective – Public Health England – 19 December 2013

“The aim of this document is to help local areas, in particular health and wellbeing boards, make the case for integration focused on individuals’ health and wellbeing as well as their quality of life if they become sick.”

 

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Community engagement to reduce inequalities in health: a systematic review, meta-analysis and economic analysis – NHS Institute for Health Research – November 2013

Posted on December 17, 2013. Filed under: Patient Participation, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Community engagement to reduce inequalities in health: a systematic review, meta-analysis and economic analysis – NHS Institute for Health Research – November 2013

O’Mara-Eves A, Brunton G, McDaid D, Oliver S, Kavanagh J, Jamal F, et al. Community engagement to reduce inequalities in health: a systematic review, meta-analysis and economic analysis. Public Health Res 2013;1(4).

 

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Improving the public’s health: A resource for local authorities – King’s Fund – 12 December 2013

Posted on December 13, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Improving the public’s health: A resource for local authorities – King’s Fund – 12 December 2013

“This resource pulls together evidence from successful interventions across key local authority functions about ‘what works’ for improving health and reducing health inequalities. You can also see our related infographics

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Promoting health, preventing disease: is there an economic case? – European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies – 2013

Posted on December 4, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Promoting health, preventing disease: is there an economic case? – European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies – 2013

“Executive summary

A core question for policy-makers will be the extent to which investments in preventive actions that address some of the social determinants of health represent an effi cient option to help promote and protect population health. Can they reduce the level of ill health in the population? How strong is the evidence base on their effectiveness and, from an economic perspective, how do they stack up against investment in the treatment of health problems? Are there potential gains to be made by reducing or delaying the need for the consumption of future health care resources? Will they limit some of the wider costs of poor health to society, such as absenteeism from work, poorer levels of educational attainment, higher rates of violence and crime and early retirement from the labour force due to sickness and disability?

This policy summary provides an overview of what is known about the economic case for investing in a number of different areas of health promotion and non-communicable disease prevention. It focuses predominantly on addressing some of the risk factors for health: tobacco and alcohol consumption, impacts of dietary behaviour and patterns of physical activity, exposure to environmental harm, risks to mental health and well-being, as well as risks of injury on our roads.

It highlights that there is an evidence base from controlled trials and welldesigned observational studies on the effectiveness of a wide range of health promotion and disease prevention interventions that address risk factors to health. Moreover, the cost–effectiveness of a number of health promotion and disease prevention interventions has been shown in multiple studies. Some of these interventions will be cost-saving, but most will generate additional health (and other) benefits for additional costs. ”

… continues

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Governance for health equity in the WHO European Region – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

Posted on December 2, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

Governance for health equity in the WHO European Region – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0055 0

“This report analyses why policies and interventions to address the social determinants of health and health inequities succeed or fail. It also discusses important features of governance and systems for service delivery that increase the likelihood of success in reducing inequities. The report presents a systems checklist for governing for health equity as a whole-of-government approach. This is intended for further discussion and as a framework to support countries in strengthening their governance for health equity in practice, through action on the social determinants of health.”

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Money well spent? Assessing the cost effectiveness and return on investment of public health interventions – Local Government Association [UK] – November 2013

Posted on November 19, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Money well spent? Assessing the cost effectiveness and return on investment of public health interventions – Local Government Association [UK] – November 2013

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An Introduction to the Ethical Implications of Economic Evaluations for Healthy Public Policy – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – October 2013

Posted on October 24, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

An Introduction to the Ethical Implications of Economic Evaluations for Healthy Public Policy – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – October 2013

“This briefing note is the first in a series that introduces a critical analysis of the ethical implications of economic evaluations, especially as they arise in the context of healthy public policy. It begins by introducing the main types of economic evaluation (cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility), their general strengths and weaknesses, and what they aim to measure through different means: efficiency…..

It moves on to examine the ethical implications of the ethical (utilitarianism) and methodological (individualism) assumptions shared by the main types of economic evaluations. It concludes by exploring the ways in which economic evaluations can be read and interpreted so that values relevant for public health, which can conflict with those implicitly put forward by economic evaluations, do not fall out of the view of policy makers.”

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Measurement of and target setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe – Published 18 October 2013

Posted on October 24, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Measurement of and target setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe – Published 18 October 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0291 2

Measurement of and target-setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe. Second meeting of the expert group, Paris, France, 25–26 June 2012

“One of the overarching targets of the European Health 2020 policy is how to set targets for well-being. Building on a first meeting held earlier in 2012, an expert group reviewed previous work on measuring well-being and on its definitions, concepts and domains; advised WHO on the definition and concept of well-being to be used in the context of Health 2020; and determined the next steps required to develop well-being indicators and targets.

As a result of these actions, an operational framework will be proposed to measure and set targets for well-being, including options to support Member States in its implementation.”

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Public Health Practice: Evaluating the Impact of Quality Improvement: Adopting QI methods to improve the delivery of services – Robert Wood Johnson Foundation – 30 September 2013

Posted on October 22, 2013. Filed under: Clin Governance / Risk Mgmt / Quality, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Public Health Practice: Evaluating the Impact of Quality Improvement: Adopting QI methods to improve the delivery of services – Robert Wood Johnson Foundation – 30 September 2013

“Thirteen health departments implemented 32 quality improvement (QI) projects and worked with evaluators to assess the results, gather lessons, and build evidence on the use of QI in public health and as a tool to prepare for accreditation.”

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Knowledge strategy: Harnessing the power of information to improve the public’s health – Public Health England – October 2013

Posted on October 22, 2013. Filed under: Health Libnship, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion, Research | Tags: |

Knowledge strategy: Harnessing the power of information to improve the public’s health – Public Health England – October 2013

Extract from the Executive Summary

“This document describes the strategic approach that the public health system will take around information and knowledge in order to improve and protect public health and reduce inequalities. It is a response from the whole public health system, under the leadership of PHE, to the Department of Health information strategy, The Power of Information: Putting all of us in control of the health and care information we need.

This strategy describes how PHE will meet the knowledge and information requirements of public health practitioners across the public health system. For this
reason, the primary audience for the strategy is knowledge and intelligence professionals across all directorates of PHE. This strategy exists because of a desire to improve the quality of knowledge in the whole public health system. Therefore the other key recipients of this document are the public health practitioners in local authorities who use public health knowledge on a day-to-day basis. These users, as well as all other stakeholders, are welcomed to shape the implementation of this strategy.

Taking the lead from The Power of Information, this strategy does not propose specific system implementations or set down detailed mechanisms for delivery. It provides a framework to support changes across the public health system, putting the user of knowledge at the centre and promoting flexibility and innovation within an environment that promotes efficiency.

The strategy is focused around the eight priorities for public health knowledge identified by PHE. It addresses the entire information lifecycle from understanding the requirements of those who are using public health knowledge through to what technologies PHE will use to disseminate knowledge.”

… continues on the site

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Public Health Surveillance: Towards a Public Health Surveillance Strategy for England – December 2012

Posted on October 17, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Public Health Surveillance: Towards a Public Health Surveillance Strategy for England – December 2012

“This document has been prepared for the Public Health England Information and Intelligence Working Group. It provides an overview of the vision, rationale, and plans for delivery of a surveillance strategy for Public Health England, as part of a broader information management strategy for Public Health England, and sets out the key benefits and challenges in delivering such a strategy.”

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Changing behaviours in public health: To nudge or to shove? – Local Government Association [UK] – 15 October 2013

Posted on October 16, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Changing behaviours in public health: To nudge or to shove? – Local Government Association [UK] – 15 October 2013

“This briefing for councillors and officers explains how behavioural change interventions – or nudge theory as it is dubbed – can help local authorities fulfil their public health responsibilities.”

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Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies – WHO – 2012

Posted on October 14, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies – WHO – 2012

A foundation document to guide capacity development of health educators

ISBN: 978-92-9021-828-9
ISBN: 978-92-9021-829-6 (online)

 

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Navigating the Translation and Dissemination of PHSSR Findings: A Decision Guide for Researchers – Academy Health – 2013

Posted on September 24, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion, Research | Tags: |

Navigating the Translation and Dissemination of PHSSR Findings: A Decision Guide for Researchers – Academy Health – 2013

Extract from the foreword

“The U.S. health system is undergoing a critically transformative process. The public health community acknowledges this unique opportunity—the chance to be leaders, or ‘chief health strategists,’ in guiding the development of a new health system that supports prevention and community-based approaches to health. Yet there certainly is no clarity with regard to the role of public health in this rapidly evolving health care environment, and specifically the role of governmental public health agencies. The emerging field of public health services and systems research (PHSSR) has the potential to inform this health system transformation—it studies the impact of different approaches to organizing, delivering, and paying for public health services and examines strategies for improving the quality and
performance of the U.S. public health system.”

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Road Diets: Fitter, Healthier Public Ways – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2013

Posted on September 12, 2013. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Road Diets: Fitter, Healthier Public Ways – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – September 2013

“This briefing note discusses the road diet, an intervention that can mitigate the health impacts of motorized traffic on public roadways that carry through traffic. These roads are often quite dangerous and uncomfortable for the various users. The road diet consists of a reallocation of the space on these public roadways to accommodate uses other than motorized traffic.

The effectiveness of this intervention is considered “proven” by the Federal Highway Administration. It’s also an intervention that is more and more commonly used, whether in urban, suburban or rural settings. In addition, its potential is very important because it may be relevant to all public roadways that are not used to full capacity – which is very common in North America.

In this text, the author defines road diets, shares some study results, and outlines some practical considerations for how to implement them.”

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Health Literacy: Improving Health, Health Systems, and Health Policy Around the World – Workshop Summary – released 12 July 2013

Posted on August 26, 2013. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Health Literacy: Improving Health, Health Systems, and Health Policy Around the World – Workshop Summary – released 12 July 2013

“From the first use of the term health literacy in 1974 – described as “health education meeting minimal standards for all school grade levels” – the definition of health literacy has evolved into a common idea that involves both the need for people to understand information that helps them maintain good health and the need for health systems to reduce their complexity . Since the 1990s, health literacy has taken two different approaches; one oriented to clinical care and the other to public health. The public health approach is more prominent in developing nations, where organizations not only work to improve health for large groups of people but also provide educational opportunities. There are many opportunities for international research collaboration between the United States, European countries, and developing nations.

In September 2012, the IOM Roundtable on Health Literacy hosted a workshop focused on international health literacy efforts. The workshop featured presentations and discussions about health literacy interventions from various countries as well as other topics related to international health literacy. This document summarizes the workshop.”

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The World Health Report 2013: Research for Universal Health Coverage – WHO – 15 August 2013

Posted on August 19, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

The World Health Report 2013: Research for Universal Health Coverage – WHO – 15 August 2013

pdf of the full report

Press release

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The fiscal, social and economic dividends of feeling better and living longer – University of Calgary – June 2013

Posted on June 24, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

The fiscal, social and economic dividends of feeling better and living longer – University of Calgary – June 2013

“SUMMARY

While Canada has socialized most of the costs of treating illness, Canada has maintained a reliance on individuals interacting through private markets to invest in upstream health promotion and disease prevention. The failure of the market to provide the efficient level of upstream investment in health is leading to large and avoidable increases in the need for downstream medical treatment. The way to reduce the future deadweight loss of illness and disease is for provincial governments to address the upstream market failures through an expansion of the scope of public payment for health care to include upstream services for health promotion and disease prevention. Perhaps somewhat counterintuitively, spending public health-care dollars across a broader range of health and wellness services can result in spending less in total, because of the efficiency gains that will come from better health in the population.

That is certainly what the evidence from a unique Albertan pilot project leads us to conclude. The Pure North S’Energy Foundation is a philanthropic initiative that pays for and provides preventative health-care services for Albertans drawn from groups that are vulnerable to poor health. This includes homeless people, people suffering from addiction, people with low incomes, people in isolated areas and susceptible seniors. The health improvements observed in those participating in the Pure North program have been significant.”

… continues

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Marketing of foods high in fat, salt and sugar to children: update 2012–2013 – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 18 June 2013

Posted on June 19, 2013. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Dietetics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Marketing of foods high in fat, salt and sugar to children: update 2012–2013 – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 18 June 2013

Media release: Lax marketing regulations contribute to obesity crisis in children

“WHO calls for tighter controls on the marketing to children of foods high in saturated and trans fats, free sugars and salt, in order to fight childhood obesity. Tightening restrictions on marketing is central to this fight, according to a new report from WHO/Europe: “Marketing of foods high in fat, salt and sugar to children”.”

… continues

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The allied health professions and health promotion: a systematic literature review and narrative synthesis – NHS National Institute for Health Research – August 2011

Posted on June 13, 2013. Filed under: Allied Health, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

The allied health professions and health promotion: a systematic literature review and narrative synthesis – NHS National Institute for Health Research – August 2011

“Background

Over 75,000 allied health professionals (AHPs) work in the English NHS, comprising:
.arts therapists
. chiropodists/podiatrists
. dietitians
. occupational therapists
. orthoptists
. paramedics
. physiotherapists
. prosthetists/orthotists
. radiographers
. speech and language therapists

They have been encouraged to work more flexibly, and develop extended  roles across professional and organisational boundaries. This new agenda requires them to promote health and wellbeing, to educate patients, carers and other professionals, and to view every patient contact as an opportunity  for health promotion (HP). It is thought, however, that their HP potential  has been unrealised, with their role limited to working with patients to alleviate the effects of illness or disability rather than promoting health and  wellbeing in the population in general. Furthermore, relatively little is  currently known about the roles they play in public health and HP.”

… continues

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Review of Public Health Capacity in the EU: Final Report – European Union – 2013

Posted on June 6, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Review of Public Health Capacity in the EU: Final Report – European Union – 2013

Aluttis CA, Chiotan C, Michelsen M, Costongs C, Brand H, on behalf of the public health capacity consortium (2013). Review of Public Health Capacity in the EU. Published by the European Commission Directorate General for Health and Consumers. Luxembourg, 2013. ISBN 978-92-79-25023-1

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Progress Report 2013: Health care renewal in Canada – Health Council of Canada – May 2013

Posted on May 29, 2013. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Primary Hlth Care, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Progress Report 2013: Health care renewal in Canada – Health Council of Canada – May 2013

“In Progress Report 2013: Health care renewal in Canada, the Health Council reports on the progress made by jurisdictions in five priority areas of the health accords:

access and wait times;
primary health care reform and electronic health records;
pharmaceuticals management;
disease prevention, health promotion and public health; and
Aboriginal health”

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SPend and Outcome Factsheets and Tool (SPOT) – Public Health England

Posted on May 21, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

SPend and Outcome Factsheets and Tool (SPOT) – Public Health England

“About SPOT

NHS England has commissioned Public Health England to develop a tool which helps commissioners to link health outcomes and expenditure. The development of this tool and a Spend and Outcome Factsheet for every PCT and CCG in England has been led by PHE Knowledge and intelligence team (Northern and Yorkshire)’s Health Economics work programme.

Programme budgeting is a well-established technique for assessing investment in programmes of care rather than services. All PCTs in England have submitted an annual programme budgeting return since 2003/4. The tool and factsheets use this Programme Budgeting data and overall indicators of health outcome by programme (where available) to present PCTs and CCGs with an analysis of the impact of their expenditure. This allows easy identification of those areas which require priority attention, where relative potential shifts in investment opportunities will optimise local health gains and increase quality.

Commissioners can use the tool and the factsheets to gain an overview of outcome and expenditure across all programmes.”

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Critical Examination of Knowledge to Action Models and Implications for Promoting Health Equity – National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health, St. Francis Xavier University – May 2013

Posted on May 16, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Critical Examination of Knowledge to Action Models and  Implications for Promoting Health Equity – National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health, St. Francis Xavier University – May 2013

Davison, C.M. & National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health
ISBN: 978-1-926823-50-8

Extract from the Introduction:

“The purpose of this paper was to review and critically examine the usefulness of existing knowledge to action models for promoting health equity. Dramatic inequalities in health and social circumstances across Canada are well documented. Knowledge and effective interventions exist to address many of these inequities. However, awareness, uptake, and the use of interventions can be poor and poorer still with respect to interventions to improve the health of disadvantaged populations. This gap between knowledge and action to improve health equity is of increasing concern to public health researchers and practitioners, globally.”

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World Health Statistics 2013 – WHO – May 2013

Posted on May 16, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

World Health Statistics 2013 – WHO – May 2013

“World Health Statistics 2013 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.

This year, it also includes highlight summaries on the topics of reducing the gaps between the world’s most-advantaged and least-advantaged countries, and on current trends in official development assistance (ODA) for health.”

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Public Health Outcomes Framework 2013 to 2016 and technical updates – Department of Health [England] – 1 May 2013

Posted on May 7, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , , |

Public Health Outcomes Framework 2013 to 2016 and technical updates – Department of Health [England] – 1 May 2013

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Healthy Lives, Healthy People: A Public Workforce Strategy – Department of Health [England] – 3 May 2013

Posted on May 7, 2013. Filed under: Health Policy, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion, Workforce |

Healthy Lives, Healthy People: A Public Workforce Strategy – Department of Health [England] – 3 May 2013

“The government’s response to the consultation on developing a public health workforce strategy in the new public health system.

The strategy sets out actions for various partners in the new public health system to support and develop the public health workforce. It will help embed public health capacity within the wider workforce to support delivery of the public health outcomes framework.

The commitments will be delivered by a range of organisations including Public Health England, the Department of Health, Health Education England and local authorities. The strategy will be reviewed in 2015.”

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Why the Rich Drink More but Smoke Less: The Impact of Wealth on Health Behaviors – RAND – April 2013

Posted on April 29, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Why the Rich Drink More but Smoke Less: The Impact of Wealth on Health Behaviors – RAND – April 2013

“Wealthier individuals engage in healthier behavior. This paper seeks to explain this phenomenon by developing a theory of health behavior, and exploiting both lottery winnings and inheritances to test the theory. It distinguishes between the direct monetary cost and the indirect health cost (value of health lost) of unhealthy consumption. The health cost increases with wealth and the degree of unhealthiness, leading wealthier individuals to consume more healthy and moderately unhealthy, but fewer severely unhealthy goods. The empirical evidence presented suggests that differences in health costs may indeed provide an explanation for behavioral differences, and ultimately health outcomes, between wealth groups.”

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How do we change behaviour? Make it simple – Ipsos MORI – April 2013

Posted on April 29, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

How do we change behaviour? Make it simple – Ipsos MORI – April 2013

“Welcome to the latest edition of the Ipsos MORI Social Research Institute’s Understanding Society. In this issue we bring together some of the world’s leading thinkers in social psychology and behavioural economics and researchers from the global Ipsos network to consider the impact these disciplines are having on public policy.”

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Reclaiming a population health perspective – Nuffield Trust – April 2013

Posted on April 26, 2013. Filed under: General Practice, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Reclaiming a population health perspective – Nuffield Trust – April 2013

“The report, which was written by the Nuffield Trust, commissioned by the National Association of Primary Care (NAPC), examines the arguments for encouraging and enabling general practices to take a much more proactive role in improving the health and wellbeing of their local populations, as well as their individual patients.

It also draws on analysis of routine data from a notional general practice of 10,000 patients and a series of interviews conducted with GPs and practice managers who are participating in the NAPC’s newly-established Practice Innovation Network, which brings together staff from GP practices to develop and test out new approaches to population health management.”

… continues on the site

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Health in the post 2015 development agenda. Report of the global Thematic Consultation on Health – The World We Want – April 2013

Posted on April 15, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Health in the post 2015 development agenda. Report of the global Thematic Consultation on Health – The World We Want – April 2013

“The final report of the Thematic Consultation on Health in the post 2015 development agenda is now finalised. The task team would like to thank all global, regional and national stakeholders who contributed to this consultation by taking part in meetings, contributing papers, joining e discussions, and commenting on the various versions of the report. Please share the report widely!”

Also reporting on this
Post2015.org

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Population and Public Health Ethics: Cases from research, policy, and practice – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – March 2013

Posted on April 11, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Population and Public Health Ethics: Cases from research, policy, and practice – National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy [Canada] – March 2013

“This Casebook features 16 cases on population and public health ethics that are accompanied by an invited case discussion.”

 

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National Public Health Week: Public Health is ROI. Save Lives, Save Money [US] – Robert Wood Johnson Foundation – April 2013

Posted on April 4, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

National Public Health Week: Public Health is ROI. Save Lives, Save Money [US] – Robert Wood Johnson Foundation – April 2013

“While this is the first year that the American Public Health Association has used “return on investment” as the theme for National Public Health Week, which runs through April 7, it’s far from the first time that public health practitioners have made the case to policymakers that the work of public health can save lives and money.

Research on the impact of public health services includes the critical fact that spending just $10 per person in programs aimed at smoking cessation, improved nutrition and better physical fitness could save the nation more than $16 billion a year, according to the Trust for America’s Health. That’s a nearly $6 return for every $1 spent.

Over the last two years, NewPublicHealth has reported frequently on the value of investing in public health. Some of our favorite ROI articles, reports and other resources include:”

… continues on the site

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Tell Me – Transparent communication in Epidemics: Learning Lessons from experience, delivering effective Messages, providing Evidence – website

Posted on April 3, 2013. Filed under: Infectious Diseases, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , , |

Tell Me – Transparent communication in Epidemics: Learning Lessons from experience, delivering effective Messages, providing Evidence – website

“TELL ME will establish an integrated research project involving experts in social and behavioural sciences, communication and media, health professionals at various levels and specialties and representatives of civil society organisations to develop an evidence-based behavioural and communication package to respond to major epidemic outbreaks, notably flu pandemics. The main outcomes of TELL ME will be an Integrated Communication Kit for Outbreak Communication and simulation software to assess alternative communication strategies.”

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Population and public health ethics: cases from research, policy and practice – University of Toronto – February 2013

Posted on March 26, 2013. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Population and public health ethics: cases from research, policy and practice – University of Toronto – February 2013

“This book brings together 16 cases of ethical issues encountered across a range of public health issues and sectors and presents accompanying analyses by leading experts in public health ethics.”

Press release from the National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health [Canada] – 28 February 2013

“The NCCAH co-author two cases studies: ‘First Nations Drinking Water Policies’ and ‘Health Inequities in First Nations Communities and Canada’s Response to the H1N1 Influenza Pandemic’.”

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Physicians and Health Equity: Opportunities in Practice – Canadian Medical Association – 18 March 2013

Posted on March 22, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Physicians and Health Equity: Opportunities in Practice – Canadian Medical Association – 18 March 2013

“Executive summary

Health equity is created when individuals have the opportunity to achieve their full health potential. Health equity is undermined when social and economic conditions, the social determinants of health, prevent or constrain people from taking actions or making decisions that would promote health. While the majority of these determinants fall outside of the traditional health sector, the implications for health services in Canada are enormous. Most major diseases including heart disease and mental illness follow a social gradient with those in lowest socio-economic groups having the greatest burden of illness.

There remains, however, limited published material on opportunities for physicians to address these issues. This lack of literature does not denote a lack of action. Many physicians are engaged in innovative practices to help address the needs of the most vulnerable. Recognizing this, the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) interviewed a number of physicians across the country. It was hoped that their experiences would highlight work being done, and provide strategies and tools to physicians interested in opportunities to address health equity within their practices.”

…continues

Press release: Toward Health and Equity for All: Canada’s Doctors Release Blueprint for Action

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Developing a Specification for Lifestyle Weight Management Services: Best Practice Guidance for Tier 2 Services – UK – 19 March 2013

Posted on March 20, 2013. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Developing a Specification for Lifestyle Weight Management Services: Best Practice Guidance for Tier 2 Services – UK – 19 March 2013

“This document provides best practice guidance to help improve the commissioning of weight management services in local areas.

It is aimed at local authorities, in particular Directors of Public Health, and commissioners of weight management services.

The document includes:

■explanatory notes for developing a specification for tier 2 lifestyle weight management services
■two best practice example service specifications, one for adults and one for children
■information on outcomes that a commissioner should expect from a tier 2 service”

continues

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Social Health Atlas of Australia: Medicare Locals, Published 2012

Posted on March 18, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Social Health Atlas of Australia: Medicare Locals, Published 2012

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The wellbeing of young Australians: technical report – Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth – March 2013

Posted on March 15, 2013. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

The wellbeing of young Australians: technical report – Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth – March 2013

ISBN 978-1-921352-40-9

Extract:

“The ARACY Report Card is unique, because it compares indicators of wellbeing for children and young people (aged 0–24 years) for the total Australian population, the Indigenous Australian population and international comparators. This comparison provides an international ‘barometer’ of the health and wellbeing of children and young people that can be used to guide policy direction in Australia.

The ARACY Report Card indicates Australia’s strengths and weaknesses, and points to areas where policies are required to improve outcomes for children and young people.”

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Lifecourse tracker Wave 1 Spring 2012: Interim summary report [UK] – 1 March 2013

Posted on March 5, 2013. Filed under: Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Lifecourse tracker Wave 1 Spring 2012: Interim summary report [UK] – 1 March 2013

“This report was commissioned by the Department of Health and independently conducted by the market research company GfK NOP.

It is a summary of the first stage of research, which was carried out in March 2012, that records how health behaviours vary across life stages.

The report is the first of a series of twice yearly surveys which track core health behaviours, their interactions and influences, and how these vary across key life stages.

This survey forms a baseline against which changes in behaviour over time and seasonal variations can be assessed. The report informs the Department of Health Social Marketing Strategy”

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Challenges and Opportunities for Change in Food Marketing to Children and Youth – Workshop Summary – Institute of Medicine – 4 March 2013

Posted on March 5, 2013. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

Challenges and Opportunities for Change in Food Marketing to Children and Youth – Workshop Summary – Institute of Medicine – 4 March 2013

Full text
“The childhood obesity epidemic is an urgent public health problem, and it will continue to take a substantial toll on the health of Americans. The most recent data show that almost a third of U.S. children and adolescents are overweight or obese. Children are exposed to an enormous amount of commercial advertising and marketing for food. In 2009, children age 2-11 saw and average of more than 10 television food ads per day. Internet-based advergames, cell phones, and social network marketing create even more avenues for children to be exposed to food advertisements. The marketing of high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages is linked to overweight and obesity. A 2006 IOM report provided evidence that television advertising influences the food and beverage preferences, requests, and short-term consumption of children.

To review progress and explore opportunities for action on food and beverage marketing that targets children and youth, the IOM’s Standing Committee on Childhood Obesity Prevention hosted a workshop on November 5, 2012. The workshop featured presentations and discussion on contemporary trends in marketing of foods and beverages to children and youth and the implications of those trends for obesity prevention. This document summarizes the workshop.”

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Measuring up: The medical profession’s prescription to the nation’s obesity crisis – Academy of Medical Royal Colleges – 15 February 2013

Posted on February 21, 2013. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Measuring up: The medical profession’s prescription to the nation’s obesity crisis – Academy of Medical Royal Colleges – 15 February 2013

“Medical professionals – from surgeons and psychiatrists to paediatricians and GPs – have set out their recommendations for tackling obesity in a report published today by the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges (AoMRC).
 
Measuring up: the medical profession’s prescription for the nation’s obesity crisis follows a 6-month inquiry by a steering group comprising representatives from 20 of the Royal Medical Colleges and Faculties.
 
The report presents an action plan for future campaigning activity, setting out 10 recommendations for healthcare professionals, local and national government, industry and schools which it believes will help tackle the nation’s obesity crisis.”

… continues

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Update on Emergency Department Visits Involving Energy Drinks: A Continuing Public Health Concern – The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) [US] – 10 January 2013

Posted on January 17, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Emergency Medicine, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Update on Emergency Department Visits Involving Energy Drinks: A Continuing Public Health Concern – The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) [US] – 10 January 2013 [The DAWN report – drug abuse warning network]

“The number of emergency department (ED) visits involving energy drinks doubled from 10,068 visits in 2007 to 20,783 visits in 2011

Energy drinks are flavored beverages containing high amounts of caffeine and typically other additives, such as vitamins, taurine, herbal supplements, creatine, sugars, and guarana, a plant product containing concentrated caffeine. These drinks are sold in cans and bottles and are readily available in grocery stores, vending machines, convenience stores, and bars and other venues where alcohol is sold. These beverages provide high doses of caffeine that stimulate the central nervous system and cardiovascular system. The total amount of caffeine in a can or bottle of an energy drink varies from about 80 to more than 500 milligrams (mg), compared with about 100 mg in a 5-ounce cup of coffee or 50 mg in a 12-ounce cola.1 Research suggests that certain additives may compound the stimulant effects of caffeine. Some types of energy drinks may also contain alcohol, producing a hazardous combination; however, this report focuses only on the dangerous effects of energy drinks that do not have alcohol.”

… continues on the site

 

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Re-orienting health systems: towards modern, responsive and sustainable health promoting systems – EuroHealthNet – December 2012

Posted on January 14, 2013. Filed under: Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Re-orienting health systems: towards modern, responsive and sustainable health promoting systems – EuroHealthNet – December 2012

“This position paper, commissioned by EuroHealthNet and authored initially by Nicoline Tamsma of RIVM, whom we sincerely thank, aims to succinctly capture the key aspects of the approaches needed for sustainable health and social protection systems across Europe, and to focus on the part that the EU can play. Its aim is to help stimulate debate and actions, together with other initiatives.”

… continues

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