Health Status

Mind, Society, and Behavior – World Bank Report – 2 December 2014

Posted on December 8, 2014. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

Mind, Society, and Behavior – World Bank Report – 2 December 2014

News release – World Development Report 2015 explores “Mind, Society, and Behavior” – 2 December 2014

“Story highlights

The WDR 2015 holds new insights on how people make decisions; it provides a framework to help development practitioners and governments apply these insights to development policy.

Research in the WDR suggests that poverty constitutes a cognitive tax that makes it hard for poor people to think deliberatively, especially in times of hardship or stress.

When used with existing policy approaches, new tools ranging from simple, low-cost changes such as better framing of messages and changing the timing of aid, can significantly improve outcomes.”

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Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts: prevalence and incidence – AIHW – 19 November 2014

Posted on November 20, 2014. Filed under: Cardiol / Cardiothor Surg, Diabetes, Health Status, Nephrology | Tags: |

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts: prevalence and incidence – AIHW – 19 November 2014

“Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease. This report on prevalence and incidence provides a comprehensive summary of the latest available data on the prevalence and incidence in the Australian population of these three chronic vascular diseases, acting alone or together. It examines age and sex characteristics and variations across population groups, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.”

ISSN ISSN 2204-1397; ISBN 978-1-74249-662-7

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease affect over a quarter of Australians – AIHW – 19 November 2014

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Hospital-based Strategies for Creating a Culture of Health – Robert Wood Johnson Foundation – October 2014

Posted on October 28, 2014. Filed under: Health Status, Health Systems Improvement | Tags: , |

Hospital-based Strategies for Creating a Culture of Health – Robert Wood Johnson Foundation – October 2014

“Hospital-based Strategies for a Creating Culture of Health provides background on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s vision to build a Culture of Health and discusses how hospitals are contributing to community health improvement.

The guide reports the findings of HRET’s review of 300 community health needs assessments, provides strategic considerations for hospital engagement in community health improvement and offers a model of the hospital’s role in building a culture of health.”

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Report on the state of the art of rare disease activities in Europe – 2014 edition (Part 1: Overview of rare disease activities in Europe) – European Commission – 18 July 2014

Posted on July 22, 2014. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Report on the state of the art of rare disease activities in Europe – 2014 edition (Part 1: Overview of rare disease activities in Europe) – European Commission – 18 July 2014

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Measuring National Well-being: European Comparisons, 2014 [UK] – 18 June 2014

Posted on June 30, 2014. Filed under: Health Status |

Measuring National Well-being: European Comparisons, 2014 [UK] – 18 June 2014

Full text

Infographic

 

 

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National Conversation on Health Inequalities – Public Health England – 25 June 2014

Posted on June 26, 2014. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

National Conversation on Health Inequalities – Public Health England – 25 June 2014

“The National Conversation on Health Inequalities is a Public Health England programme about reducing differences in health. The aim is for local authorities to start talking about health inequalities in their communities.

You can use and share the documents in this collection to discuss health inequalities. The toolkit and research findings show the thinking behind this programme and ways to start a conversation in your area. They will also help you to discuss these issues with those who are most affected by them.

We want to work together to create a clear, consistent language for describing the causes of health inequalities. By discussing what causes these issues, we can help our local partners work with communities to plan solutions for change.

Documents

Health inequalities: a toolkit to support local conversations
25 June 2014
Guidance
Local conversations on health inequalities: summary of findings
25 June 2015
Research and analysis
National Conversation on Health Inequalities: start a conversation
25 June 2014
Guidance
Health inequalities: 7 way”

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New tool to give people with mental illness better care for their physical health – NHS England – 13 June 2014

Posted on June 17, 2014. Filed under: Health Status, Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

New tool to give people with mental illness better care for their physical health – NHS England – 13 June 2014

“The Lester Tool will help frontline staff make assessments of cardiac and metabolic health, helping to cut mortality for people with mental illnesses

NHS England today launches a vital new tool aimed at helping front line staff make key interventions and treatment for people with mental illnesses.

The Lester Tool is a summary poster to guide health workers to assess the cardiometabolic health of people experiencing psychosis and schizophrenia, enabling staff to deliver safe and effective care to improve the physical health of mentally ill people.”

… continues on the site

Lester UK adaptation of the Positive Cardiometabolic Health Resource (CMH-resource) – 2014 update

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Well-being: 15th report – House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee – 5 June 2014

Posted on June 16, 2014. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Well-being: 15th report – House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee – 5 June 2014

vol 1 http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmenvaud/59/59.pdf
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmenvaud/59/5902.htm

vol 2 http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmenvaud/59/59vw.pdf
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmenvaud/59/59vw01.htm

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World Health Statistics 2014 – WHO – May 2014

Posted on May 22, 2014. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

World Health Statistics 2014 – WHO – May 2014

ISBN 978 92 4 156471 7
ISBN 978 92 4 069267 1 (PDF)

“The World Health Statistics series is WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets. This year, it also includes highlight summaries on the ongoing commitment to end preventable maternal deaths; on the need to act now to combat rising levels of childhood obesity; on recent trends in both life expectancy and premature deaths; and on the crucial role of civil registration and vital statistics systems in national and global advancement.”

 

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Measuring National Well-being, Life in the UK, 2014 – Office for National Statistics [UK] – 18 March 2014

Posted on March 21, 2014. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

Measuring National Well-being, Life in the UK, 2014 – Office for National Statistics [UK] – 18 March 2014

“Measuring National Well-being: Life in the UK, March 2014 provides the latest overview of wellbeing in the UK today. A snapshot of well-being is provided across the 10 domains of well-being (for example, Health, Where we live, What we do); together with a brief overview of European comparisons. The report is the second summary of life in the UK to be delivered by the Measuring National Well-being programme and will be updated annually.”

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Longitudinal Evidence for a Midlife Nadir in Human Well-being: Results from Four Data Sets – Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne – February 2014

Posted on March 20, 2014. Filed under: Health Status |

Longitudinal Evidence for a Midlife Nadir in Human Well-being: Results from Four Data Sets – Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne – February 2014

“There is a large amount of cross-sectional evidence for a midlife low in the life cycle of human happiness and well-being (a ‘U shape’). Yet no genuinely longitudinal inquiry has uncovered evidence for a U-shaped pattern. Thus some researchers believe the U is a statistical artefact. We re-examine this fundamental cross-disciplinary question. We suggest a new test. Drawing on four data sets, and only within-person changes in well-being, we document powerful support for a U-shape in unadjusted longitudinal data without the need for regression equations. The paper’s methodological contribution is to exploit the first-derivative properties of a well-being equation.”

Media release: It’s official: mid-life crises do exist – 20 March 2014

“Social economists from the University of Melbourne have confirmed the age-old suspicion of a dip in human happiness during middle age.”

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Prevalence of Mental Illness in the United States: Data Sources and Estimates – Congressional Research Service – 28 February 2014

Posted on March 13, 2014. Filed under: Health Status, Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

Prevalence of Mental Illness in the United States: Data Sources and Estimates – Congressional Research Service – 28 February 2014

by Erin Bagalman, Analyst in Health Policy, Angela Napili, Information Research Specialist

Extract from the Summary:

“Determining how many people have a mental illness can be difficult, and prevalence estimates vary. While numerous surveys include questions related to mental illness, few provide prevalence estimates of diagnosable mental illness (e.g., major depressive disorder as opposed to feeling depressed, or generalized anxiety disorder as opposed to feeling anxious), and fewer still provide national prevalence estimates of diagnosable mental illness. This report briefly describes the methodology and results of three large surveys (funded in whole or in part by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) that provide national prevalence estimates of diagnosable mental illness : the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R), the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), and the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). The NCS-R and the NCS-A have the advantage of identifying specific mental illnesses, but they are a decade old. The NSDUH does not identify specific mental illnesses, but it has the advantage of being conducted annually.”

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Health inequalities in the EU. Final report of a consortium. Consortium lead: Sir Michael Marmot – European Commission – December 2013

Posted on December 18, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Health inequalities in the EU. Final report of a consortium. Consortium lead: Sir Michael Marmot – European Commission – December 2013

ISBN 978-92-79-30898-7

doi:10.2772/34426

 

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Review of Social Determinants and the Health Divide in the WHO European Region – UCL Institute of Health Equity – 30 October 2013

Posted on October 31, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , , |

 

Review of Social Determinants and the Health Divide in the WHO European Region – UCL Institute of Health Equity – 30 October 2013

 

“The WHO Regional Office for Europe commissioned this review of social determinants of health and the health divide to identify actions needed to address health inequities within and between countries across the 53 Member States of the European Region. The conclusions and recommendations of the review informed the development of Health 2020, the new European policy framework for health and well-being – along with a companion study on governance for health in the 21st century.”

 

… continues on the site

Britain told social inequality has created ‘public health timebomb’ – guardian – 30 October 2013

 

“UK is failing its children, women and young people on a grand scale, says Marmot report on links between inequality and health”

 

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Measurement of and target setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe – Published 18 October 2013

Posted on October 24, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Measurement of and target setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe – Published 18 October 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0291 2

Measurement of and target-setting for well-being: an initiative by the WHO Regional Office for Europe. Second meeting of the expert group, Paris, France, 25–26 June 2012

“One of the overarching targets of the European Health 2020 policy is how to set targets for well-being. Building on a first meeting held earlier in 2012, an expert group reviewed previous work on measuring well-being and on its definitions, concepts and domains; advised WHO on the definition and concept of well-being to be used in the context of Health 2020; and determined the next steps required to develop well-being indicators and targets.

As a result of these actions, an operational framework will be proposed to measure and set targets for well-being, including options to support Member States in its implementation.”

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Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region. Final report – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

Posted on October 14, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region. Final report – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2013

ISBN 978 92 890 0030 7

“The WHO European Region has seen remarkable health gains, though inequities persist both between and within countries. Much more is understood now about the extent and social causes of these inequities, particularly since the 2008 report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health.

This review of inequities in health across the 53 Member States of the Region was commissioned to support the development of the new European policy framework for health and well-being, Health 2020. It builds on the global evidence and recommends policies to reduce health inequities and the health divide across all countries, including those with low incomes.

The report is presented in four parts. Part I provides the context and background to the review, and sets out the key principles underpinning the recommendations and the rationale for grouping them into four broad themes: life-course stages, wider society, the broader macro-level context, and governance, delivery and monitoring systems.

Part II summarizes current evidence on the magnitude of the health divide among European Region countries, describing the inequities in health and their social determinants.

Part III focuses on the four themes, making recommendations with supporting evidence.

Part IV outlines the implementation issues, summarizes the framework for action, discusses reasons for failure, provides guidance on good practice and summarizes the review’s conclusions and recommendations.

The review is a wake-up call to political and professional leaders alike, an opportunity for them to facilitate the work of those dedicated to improving health outcomes and narrow the health gap between and within the countries of the Region.”

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Want to be healthier, save the planet and boost the economy? Then work less – cutting working week would improve well-being and boost economy, say experts – The Independent – 18 September 2013

Posted on September 20, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Workforce | Tags: , |

Want to be healthier, save the planet and boost the economy? Then work less – cutting working week would improve well-being and boost economy, say experts – The Independent – 18 September 2013

“It may be the excuse long-suffering commuters have been waiting for, as new research suggests that working fewer hours each week can be good for your health, protect the environment and even boost the economy.

A group of economists believes the working week should be reduced from an average of 40 hours to just 30 and cite Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, among others, as examples of countries that have shorter working weeks but no less productivity among workers.”

… continues on the site

Report the article is based on

Time on Our Side – New Economics Foundation nef – 18 September 2013

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Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region – 2013

Posted on September 18, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region – 2013

Final Report

Executive Summary

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Mental Illness and Unhappiness – Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science – September 2013

Posted on September 18, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: , |

Mental Illness and Unhappiness – Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science – September 2013

Dan Chisholm, Richard Layard, Vikram Patel, Shekhar Saxena
Paper No CEPDP1239

“Abstract:

This paper is a contribution to the second World Happiness Report. It makes five main points: 1. Mental health is the biggest single predictor of life-satisfaction. This is so in the UK, Germany and Australia even if mental health is included with a six-year lag. It explains more of the variance of life-satisfaction in the population of a country than physical health does, and much more than unemployment and income do. Income explains 1% of the variance of life-satisfaction or less. 2. Much the most common forms of mental illness are depression and anxiety disorders. Rigorously defined, these affect about 10% of all the world’s population – and prevalence is similar in rich and poor countries. 3. Depression and anxiety are more common during working age than in later life. They account for a high proportion of disability and impose major economic costs and financial losses to governments worldwide. 4. Yet even in rich countries, under a third of people with diagnosable mental illness are in treatment. 5. Cost-effective treatments exist, with recovery rates of 50% or more. In rich countries treatment is likely to have no net cost to the Exchequer due to savings on welfare benefits and lost taxes. But even in poor countries a reasonable level of coverage could be obtained at a cost of under $2 per head of population per year.”

World Happiness Report 2013 – UN

Helliwell, John F., Richard Layard, and Jeffrey Sachs, eds. 2013. World Happiness Report 2013. New York: UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network.

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Ophelia Victoria – Optimising health literacy to improve health and equity

Posted on August 30, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Ophelia Victoria – Optimising health literacy to improve health and equity

“Ophelia is a three year Victorian initiative which will identify and test new interventions to address health literacy needs in people attending a broad range of Victorian agencies. It is funded by the Australian Research Council, in partnership with the Victorian Department of Health and Monash University.”

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The World Health Report 2013: Research for Universal Health Coverage – WHO – 15 August 2013

Posted on August 19, 2013. Filed under: Health Economics, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

The World Health Report 2013: Research for Universal Health Coverage – WHO – 15 August 2013

pdf of the full report

Press release

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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2012: detail analysis – AIHW – 16 July 2013

Posted on July 24, 2013. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Health Status | Tags: |

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2012: detail analysis – AIHW – 16 July 2013

“This report provides the latest information on how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are faring according to a range of indicators on health status, determinants of health and health system performance that are based on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework. It highlights the main areas of improvement and continuing concern. For example, while death rates for avoidable causes and circulatory diseases have declined since 1997, more than half of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers smoke during pregnancy and about one-quarter of Indigenous Australians aged 15 and over live in overcrowded housing.”

ISBN 978-1-74249-436-4; Cat. no. IHW 94; 2220pp

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Health Indicators 2013 – Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) – 23 May 2013

Posted on May 29, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , , |

Health Indicators 2013 – Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) – 23 May 2013

“As the last in a series of 14 annual reports, Health Indicators 2013 provides an overview of the joint CIHI-Statistics Canada Health Indicators reporting project and describes CIHI’s new program of work in health system performance reporting. This publication also contains the most recently available health indicators data and features an In Focus section that highlights the expanded reporting of health indicators by socio-economic status.”

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World Health Statistics 2013 – WHO – May 2013

Posted on May 16, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

World Health Statistics 2013 – WHO – May 2013

“World Health Statistics 2013 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.

This year, it also includes highlight summaries on the topics of reducing the gaps between the world’s most-advantaged and least-advantaged countries, and on current trends in official development assistance (ODA) for health.”

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Health in the post 2015 development agenda. Report of the global Thematic Consultation on Health – The World We Want – April 2013

Posted on April 15, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Health in the post 2015 development agenda. Report of the global Thematic Consultation on Health – The World We Want – April 2013

“The final report of the Thematic Consultation on Health in the post 2015 development agenda is now finalised. The task team would like to thank all global, regional and national stakeholders who contributed to this consultation by taking part in meetings, contributing papers, joining e discussions, and commenting on the various versions of the report. Please share the report widely!”

Also reporting on this
Post2015.org

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Geographic distribution of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease hospitalisations in Australia: 2007-08 to 2009-10 – AIHW – 26 March 2013

Posted on March 26, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Respiratory Medicine | Tags: |

Geographic distribution of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease hospitalisations in Australia: 2007-08 to 2009-10 – AIHW – 26 March 2013

“This report investigates how hospitalisation rates for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) vary across Australia. Maps in the report show higher hospitalisation rates for both asthma and COPD in inland and rural areas of Australia. Socioeconomic status, remoteness and the proportion of the population that identifies as Indigenous all have a significant association with the hospitalisation rates for asthma and COPD by area.”

ISBN 978-1-74249-416-6; Cat. no. ACM 26; 50p

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Working for Health Equity: The Role of Health Professionals – UCL Institute of Health Equity – March 2013

Posted on March 19, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Working for Health Equity: The Role of Health Professionals – UCL Institute of Health Equity – March 2013

“This report demonstrates that the healthcare system and those working within it have an important and often under-utilised role in reducing health inequalities through action on the social determinants of health. The health workforce are, after all, well placed to initiate and develop services that take into account and attempt to improve the wider social context for patients and staff.

The report discusses the best ways to reduce inequities through workforce education and training, practical actions to be taken during interactions with patients, ways of working in partnership, and the role of advocacy. It also includes a section on the health system, which analyses which mechanisms and structures are supportive of actions to reduce health inequality, and where further development might be needed.”

… continues on the site

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Social Health Atlas of Australia: Medicare Locals, Published 2012

Posted on March 18, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Social Health Atlas of Australia: Medicare Locals, Published 2012

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Causes of Death, Australia, 2011 – ABS – 15 March 2013

Posted on March 15, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Causes of Death, Australia, 2011 – ABS – 15 March 2013

303.0

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The wellbeing of young Australians: technical report – Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth – March 2013

Posted on March 15, 2013. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

The wellbeing of young Australians: technical report – Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth – March 2013

ISBN 978-1-921352-40-9

Extract:

“The ARACY Report Card is unique, because it compares indicators of wellbeing for children and young people (aged 0–24 years) for the total Australian population, the Indigenous Australian population and international comparators. This comparison provides an international ‘barometer’ of the health and wellbeing of children and young people that can be used to guide policy direction in Australia.

The ARACY Report Card indicates Australia’s strengths and weaknesses, and points to areas where policies are required to improve outcomes for children and young people.”

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U.S. Health in International Perspective: Shorter Lives, Poorer Health – National Academies Press – 2013

Posted on March 14, 2013. Filed under: Health Status |

U.S. Health in International Perspective: Shorter Lives, Poorer Health – National Academies Press – 2013

ISBN-10: 0-309-26414-6
ISBN-13: 978-0-309-26414-3

Authors: Steven H. Woolf and Laudan Aron, Editors; Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries; Committee on Population; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; National Research Council; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Institute of Medicine

“The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. The U.S. health disadvantage cannot be attributed solely to the adverse health status of racial or ethnic minorities or poor people: even highly advantaged Americans are in worse health than their counterparts in other, “peer” countries.
In light of the new and growing evidence about the U.S. health disadvantage, the National Institutes of Health asked the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a panel of experts to study the issue. The Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries examined whether the U.S. health disadvantage exists across the life span, considered potential explanations, and assessed the larger implications of the findings.
U.S. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U.S. health disadvantage.”

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The European health report 2012: charting the way to well-being – WHO – March 2013

Posted on March 14, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

The European health report 2012: charting the way to well-being – WHO – March 2013

“Like its predecessors, the 2012 European health report describes both the overall improvements in health in the WHO European Region and their uneven distribution within and between countries. It breaks new ground, however, by helping both to define well-being, a goal of Europe’s new health policy, Health 2020, and to map the way towards achieving it.

By describing health in Europe, this report provides policy-makers and public health professionals with the epidemiological evidence base that underpins Health 2020 and its six overarching targets. In addition, it sets out the agreed approach to monitoring progress towards Health 2020, outlines the collaborative agenda to address the challenges ahead and makes the case for measuring well-being as a marker of progress in health.”

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No Time to Wait: The Healthy Kids Strategy – Ontario Healthy Kids Panel – 4 March 2013

Posted on March 8, 2013. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status | Tags: |

No Time to Wait: The Healthy Kids Strategy – Ontario Healthy Kids Panel – 4 March 2013

“Parents in Ontario want their children to grow up healthy, happy and ready to succeed in life. But, childhood overweight and obesity are undermining children’s health. Almost one in every three children in Ontario is now an unhealthy weight. The problem is more severe in boys than girls, and in Aboriginal children.

Overweight and obesity are threatening our children’s future and the future of our province, which looks to its children for the next generation of citizens and leaders. If our children are not healthy, then our society will not flourish. Overweight and obesity also threaten the sustainability of our health care system. In 2009, obesity cost Ontario $4.5 billion. To create a different future, we must act now!”

Media release

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Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet, England 2013 – NHS Information Centre – 20 February 2013

Posted on February 25, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet, England 2013 – NHS Information Centre – 20 February 2013

“Hospitals in England reported 11,740 inpatient admissions with a primary diagnosis of obesity in 2011/12, new analysis from the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) shows today.

This is one per cent more than in 2010/11 (11,570) and triple the number recorded five years earlier (3,860 in 2006/07).

Female admissions were almost three times the number of male admissions (8,740 compared to 2,990); continuing the recent pattern of female admissions being substantially higher than male admissions.”

… continues

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2013 report on the health of Canadians – Heart & Stroke Foundation – February 2013

Posted on February 19, 2013. Filed under: Health Status |

2013 report on the health of Canadians – Heart & Stroke Foundation – February 2013

Reality check: boomer dreams for later life may not come true.

Without lifestyle changes now, many baby boomers face a decade of sickness and disability in their later years.

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Cancer of the bush or salvation for our cities? Fly-in, fly-out and drive-in, drive-out workforce practices in Regional Australia – House Standing Committee on Regional Australia – Committee report – 13 February 2013

Posted on February 14, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Rural Remote Health, Workforce | Tags: , |

Cancer of the bush or salvation for our cities? Fly-in, fly-out and drive-in, drive-out workforce practices in Regional Australia – House Standing Committee on Regional Australia – Committee report – 13 February 2013

About the Committee report

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Health at a Glance: Europe 2012 – OECD Publishing – 16 November 2012

Posted on January 17, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Health at a Glance: Europe 2012 – OECD Publishing – 16 November 2012

“This second edition of Health at a Glance: Europe presents a set of key indicators of health status, determinants of health, health care resources and activities, quality of care, health expenditure and financing in 35 European countries, including the 27 European Union member states, 5 candidate countries and 3 EFTA countries. The selection of indicators is based largely on the European Community Health Indicators (ECHI) shortlist, a set of indicators that has been developed to guide the reporting of health statistics in the European Union.  It is complemented by additional indicators on health expenditure and quality of care, building on the OECD expertise in these areas. Each indicator is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, a brief descriptive analysis highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.”

ISBN 978-92-64-18360-5 (print)
ISBN 978-92-64-18389-6 (HTML)

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U.S. Health in International Perspective: Shorter Lives, Poorer Health – Institute of Medicine – 9 January 2013

Posted on January 10, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

U.S. Health in International Perspective: Shorter Lives, Poorer Health – Institute of Medicine – 9 January 2013

“The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. For many years, Americans have been dying at younger ages than people in almost all other high-income countries. This health disadvantage prevails even though the U.S. spends far more per person on health care than any other nation. To gain a better understanding of this problem, the NIH asked the National Research Council and the IOM to investigate potential reasons for the U.S. health disadvantage and to assess its larger implications.

No single factor can fully explain the U.S. health disadvantage. It likely has multiple causes and involves some combination of inadequate health care, unhealthy behaviors, adverse economic and social conditions, and environmental factors, as well as public policies and social values that shape those conditions. Without action to reverse current trends, the health of Americans will probably continue to fall behind that of people in other high-income countries. The tragedy is not that the U.S. is losing a contest with other countries, but that Americans are dying and suffering from illness and injury at rates that are demonstrably unnecessary.”

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Action on obesity: comprehensive care for all – Royal College of Physicians report of a working party – January 2013

Posted on January 9, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

Action on obesity: comprehensive care for all – Royal College of Physicians report of a working party – January 2013

Media release: NHS must step up to obesity challenge.

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Action on obesity: Comprehensive care for all – Royal College of Physicians – 1 January 2013

Posted on January 4, 2013. Filed under: Health Status, Preventive Healthcare | Tags: , |

Action on obesity: Comprehensive care for all – Royal College of Physicians – 1 January 2013

“Obesity is an increasing and costly public health problem which is not being addressed by current services or policy. This new report confronts the issues, and sets out how the NHS should adapt to meet the demands of an increasingly obese nation.”

Media release

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IDF Diabetes Atlas 2012 – International Diabetes Federation – 14 November 2012

Posted on January 4, 2013. Filed under: Diabetes, Health Status |

IDF Diabetes Atlas 2012 – International Diabetes Federation – 14 November 2012

Regional and country fact sheets  

Media release

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Global Burden of Disease 2010 study – WHO – 13 December 2012

Posted on January 3, 2013. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

Global Burden of Disease 2010 study – WHO – 13 December 2012

Report in the Lancet 

Global Burden website 

Media release from IHME: Massive shifts reshape the health landscape worldwide – 13 December 2012 [Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation]

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Cancer in Australia: an overview 2012 r- AIHW – 11 December 2012

Posted on December 11, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Oncology | Tags: |

Cancer in Australia: an overview 2012 r- AIHW – 11 December 2012

“‘Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2012’ presents the latest available information on incidence, mortality, survival, prevalence, burden of cancer, hospitalisations and national cancer screening programs. It is estimated that the most commonly diagnosed cancers in 2012 will be prostate cancer, bowel cancer and breast cancer. For all cancers combined, the incidence rate increased by 12% from 1991 to 2009, but the mortality rate decreased and survival improved over time. Cancer outcomes differ by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, remoteness area and socioeconomic status.”

ISSN 1039-3307; ISBN 978-1-74249-386-2; Cat. no. CAN 70; 216pp

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A Review of the U.S. Workplace Wellness Market – RAND – November 2012

Posted on November 28, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Workforce | Tags: |

A Review of the U.S. Workplace Wellness Market – RAND – November 2012

by Soeren Mattke, Christopher Schnyer, Kristin R. Van Busum

“This paper describes the current state of workplace wellness programs in the United States, including typical program components; assesses current uptake among U.S. employers; reviews the evidence for program impact; and evaluates the current use and the impact of incentives to promote employee engagement. Wellness programs have become very common, as 92 percent of employers with 200 or more employees reported offering them in 2009. Survey data indicate that the most frequently targeted behaviors are exercise (addressed by 63 percent of employers with programs), smoking (60 percent), and weight loss (53 percent). In spite of widespread availability, the actual participation of employees in such programs remains limited. A 2010 survey suggests that typically less than 20 percent of eligible employees participate in wellness interventions.

At this time, it is difficult to definitively assess the impact of workplace wellness on health outcomes and cost. While employer sponsors are mostly satisfied with the results, more than half stated in a recent survey that they did not know their program’s return on investment. The peer-reviewed literature, while predominately positive, covers only a tiny percentage of the universe of programs. Evaluating such complex interventions is difficult and poses substantial methodological challenges that can invalidate findings. The use of incentives, such as cash, cash equivalents, and variances in health plan costs, to promote employee engagement, while increasingly popular, remains poorly understood. Future research should focus on finding out which wellness approaches deliver which results under which conditions to give much-needed guidance on best practices.”

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Well-being patterns uncovered: An analysis of UK data – New Economics Foundation (nef) – November 2012

Posted on November 28, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Well-being patterns uncovered: An analysis of UK data – New Economics Foundation (nef) – November 2012

“Executive summary

The UK has a unique resource. As of April 2011, the UK’s largest survey, the Annual Population Survey (APS), has included four questions on subjective well-being. The data from the survey will allow analysts both inside and outside government to better understand the determinants of well-being.”

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Atlas of health and climate launches new collaboration between public health and meteorological communities – WHO – 29 October 2012

Posted on October 30, 2012. Filed under: Climate Change, Health Status | Tags: |

Atlas of health and climate launches new collaboration between public health and meteorological communities – WHO – 29 October 2012

Atlas provides maps, tables and graphs showing links between health and climate

“As the world’s climate continues to change, hazards to human health are increasing. The Atlas of health and climate, published today jointly by WHO and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), illustrates some of the most pressing current and emerging challenges.

Droughts, floods and cyclones affect the health of millions of people each year. Climate variability and extreme conditions such as floods can also trigger epidemics of diseases such as diarrhoea, malaria, dengue and meningitis, which cause death and suffering for many millions more. The Atlas gives practical examples of how the use of weather and climate information can protect public health.”

… continues on the site

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Australian Health Survey: First Results, 2011-12 – ABS – 29 October 2012

Posted on October 29, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Australian Health Survey: First Results, 2011-12  – ABS – 29 October 2012

4364.0.55.001 – Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/10/2012 Released Today
“This publication contains first results from the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey, including health risk factors (such as alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking and Body Mass Index); long-term health conditions; mental health and wellbeing; and physical activity. Information is presented for Australia and the states and territories.”

Profiles of Health, Australia, 2011-13  – ABS – 29 October 2012

4338.0 – 4338.0 – Profiles of Health, Australia, 2011-13
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/10/2012 Released Today First Issue
“Profiles of Health provides a comprehensive statistical overview of people’s health in Australia. Designed to be updated progressively, this product will present the latest results on key health topics from various ABS surveys including: the Australian Health Survey, the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey and the National Health Measures Survey. “

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The Menzies-Nous Australian Health Survey 2012

Posted on October 23, 2012. Filed under: Aged Care / Geriatrics, Health Economics, Health Status |

The Menzies-Nous Australian Health Survey 2012

“The Menzies-Nous Australian Health Survey 2012 provides key findings about the views held by Australians on their own health, on the Australian health care system and on aged-care services. The 2012 survey is the third biennial national survey conducted by the Menzies Centre for Health Policy and Nous Group (Nous). Previous surveys were conducted in 2008 and 2010.

The Australian Health Survey 2012 was conducted via a phone interview of 1200 people in July 2012. To enable analysis of trends since 2008, a number of questions regarding the health of Australians and use of the health care system were consistently asked in 2008, 2010 and 2012. A number of questions were also asked for the first time this year – particularly those regarding Australian perspectives on aged-care reforms.”

… continues

Australians give upbeat diagnosis on health system and directions of aged care reforms

Australians willing to cough up for better health – ABC report – 23 October 2012

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Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity Disparities – CDC Div of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) – 2012

Posted on October 22, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity Disparities – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) – 2012

“The purpose of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity Disparities is to increase the capacity of state health departments and their partners to work with and through communities to implement effective responses to obesity in populations that are facing health disparities. The Toolkit’s primary focus is on how to create policy, systems, and environmental changes that will reduce obesity disparities and achieve health equity. For the purpose of this Toolkit, “policy” refers to procedures or practices that apply to large sectors which can influence complex  systems in ways that can improve the health and safety of a population. States are already conducting activities to address obesity across populations. This Toolkit provides guidance on how to supplement and compliment existing efforts. It provides evidence-informed and real-world examples of addressing disparities by illustrating how the concepts presented can be promoted in programs to achieve health equity using three evidence-informed strategies as examples:
1. Increasing access to fruits and vegetables via healthy food retail with a focus on underserved communities.
2. Engaging in physical activity that can be achieved by increased opportunities for walking with a focus on the disabled community, and other subpopulations that face disparities.
3. Decreasing consumption of sugar drinks with an emphasis on access to fresh, potable (clean) water with a particular focus on adolescents and other high consumers.

Though the Toolkit utilizes these three strategies as examples, the planning and evaluation process described in the Toolkit can be applied to other evidence-informed strategies to control and prevent obesity.”

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Is social capital good for health? A European perspective – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2012

Posted on October 22, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , , , , |

Is social capital good for health? A European perspective – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2012

ISBN 978-92-890-0273-8
Lorenzo Rocco, University of Padua, Italy
Marc Suhrcke, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom

“Abstract
The aim of the research reported here was to examine the causal impact of social capital on health in 14 European countries. Using data from the European Social Survey for 14 European countries, supplemented by regional-level data, the authors studied whether individual and/or community-level social capital positively affects health. The authors controlled for other relevant factors that are also expected to affect health, and addressed – via an instrumental variable approach – the challenge of assessing causality in the relationship between social capital and health. The large variance of the error term due to measurement errors calls for strong instruments to obtain reliable estimates in a finite  sample. The dataset is rich enough in information to allow the finding of a seemingly strong causal relationship between social capital and individual health. Community social capital (defined at regional level) appears not to affect health once individual-level social capital is controlled for. Taken at face value, the findings suggest that policy interventions should be targeted at improving primarily individual social capital. In doing so they would achieve a double effect: on the one hand they would directly improve individual health; on the other they would contribute to  community social capital, which reinforces the beneficial role of individual social capital.”

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National Obesity Observatory [NHS] – Standard evaluation frameworks

Posted on October 5, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Research | Tags: , , |

National Obesity Observatory [NHS] – Standard evaluation frameworks

“NOO has now produced three Standard Evaluation Frameworks (SEFs):

SEF for weight management interventions (published March 2009)
SEF for physical activity interventions (published September 2012)
SEF for dietary interventions (published September 2012)

The aim of the Standard Evaluation Frameworks (SEF) is to support high quality, consistent evaluation of weight management, diet and physical activity interventions in order to increase the evidence base.

The SEFs provide introductory guidance on the principles of evaluation, and list ‘essential’ and ‘desirable’ criteria. Essential criteria are presented as the minimum recommended data for evaluating a weight management intervention. Desirable criteria are additional data that would enhance the evaluation. Supporting guidance describes why particular criteria have been categorised as essential or desirable, and provides further information on collecting data. The SEFs are essential reading to those commissioning, running or evaluating weight management, diet or physical activity interventions.”

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Why inequality matters – My Fair London in association with the Equality Trust – September 2012

Posted on October 5, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Why inequality matters – My Fair London in association with the Equality Trust – September 2012

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Adherence to health guidelines: Findings from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health – Women’s Health Australia – 26 September 2012

Posted on September 27, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Preventive Healthcare | Tags: , |

Adherence to health guidelines: Findings from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health – Women’s Health Australia – 26 September 2012

Extract from the executive summary:

“This report uses data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) to assess adherence to national guidelines for preventive health behaviours and selected health screening.

Women were randomly selected from the Medicare database in 1995 and have been followed up regularly since 1996. Initially there were more than 40,000 participants in three cohorts, born in 1973-78, 1946-51 and 1921-26.

The guidelines used for this report are those disseminated by the National Health and Medical Research Council, the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners, and/or the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, based on the best available evidence at the time.”

… continues

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Clustering of unhealthy behaviours over time: Implications for policy and practice – King’s Fund – 23 August 2012

Posted on August 24, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Clustering of unhealthy behaviours over time: Implications for policy and practice – King’s Fund – 23 August 2012

David Buck, Francesca Frosini

“Summary

People’s lifestyles – whether they smoke, how much they drink, what they eat, whether they take regular exercise – affect their health and mortality. It is well known that each of these lifestyle risk factors is unequally distributed in the population.

Less is known about how these behaviours co-occur or cluster in the population and about how these patterns of multiple lifestyle risk have been evolving over time. This paper considers this in the context of the English population and sets out the implications for public health policy and practice that flow from the findings.

It reviews the current evidence on multiple lifestyle risks and analyses data from the Health Survey for England on the distribution of these risks in the adult population and how this is changing over time.”

… continues on the site

Blog entry on this report:  Improving the health of the poorest, fastest: why clusters of lifestyle behaviours matter

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Health Outcomes of Care: An Idea Whose Time Has Come – Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) and Statistics Canada – 16 August 2012

Posted on August 17, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Patient Participation | Tags: , , |

Health Outcomes of Care: An Idea Whose Time Has Come – Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) and Statistics Canada – 16 August 2012

“Learning about gains in Canadians’ health status—especially from patients themselves—would provide a more comprehensive picture of population health and health care services, according to a report by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) and Statistics Canada.

There is currently little clear connection between processes of care and outcomes—important information in determining the value obtained from health care investments. Although there are no standard, comprehensive, repeated measures of health status at the population level in Canada that could be used to assess outcomes of care, the country has seen progress:

In home and continuing care, the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) system allows care providers to gauge individuals’ progress.
In rehabilitation, the FIM® instrument helps care providers assess patients’ physical and cognitive status.

Both of these tools feed into CIHI databases, allowing our reports to inform decisions at multiple levels in the health care system.

By providing the patient’s perspective and adding information on quality of life, patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) would provide further insight to help assess how the health care system is:

… continues on the site

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Gender and health – European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies – 2012

Posted on August 2, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Violence | Tags: , |

Gender and health – European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies – 2012

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Progress in Measuring National Well-being outlined – Office of National Statistics [UK] – 24 July 2012

Posted on August 1, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Progress in Measuring National Well-being outlined – Office of National Statistics [UK] – 24 July 2012

“The articles published today are:
Measuring Subjective Well-being in the UK – First Annual ONS Experimental Subjective Well-being Results ;
Measuring National Well-being – Where we Live;
Measuring National Well-being – Health;
Measuring National Well-being – Summary of Proposed Domains and Measures; and Report on the consultation on proposed domains and measures.”

… continues

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Measuring well-being. A guide for practitioners. A short handbook for voluntary organisations and community groups – nef – 30 July 2012

Posted on August 1, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Measuring well-being. A guide for practitioners. A short handbook for voluntary organisations and community groups – nef – 30 July 2012

Publications page

“Executive Summary

This short handbook on measuring well-being is produced by the Centre for Well-being at nef (the new economics foundation) with input from nef consulting. It is designed primarily for voluntary organisations and community groups delivering projects and services, to help them kick-start the process of measuring well-being outcomes.

By measuring the well-being of the people we aim to support, information can be gathered which can be used, for example, to improve the design and delivery of projects and services, to target projects and services at the people who are in most need, to tailor provision to suit needs, and to support funding applications.”

… continues on the site

nef – economics as if people and the planet mattered

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Sport and exercise science and medicine: building on the Olympic legacy to improve the nation’s health. Report – House of Lords, Select Committee on Science and Technology – 18 July 2012

Posted on July 20, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Sport and exercise science and medicine: building on the Olympic legacy to improve the nation’s health. Report – House of Lords, Select Committee on Science and Technology – 18 July 2012

Extract from the summary:

“In this short inquiry we asked two questions: how robust is the research and evidence base for improving the performance of elite and non-elite athletes; and how can this knowledge be translated into treatments and preventative interventions to improve the nation’s health? We focused on biomedical research that could enhance the performance of the individual. The context for our inquiry was the London 2012 Summer Olympic Games and the Government’s commitments to the following legacies: to support the performance of elite athletes (measured by medals won at the Games); and to encourage the nation to be “healthier, happier and more active”.

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What can be done about the social determinants of health? – Flagpost – 5 July 2012

Posted on July 5, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

What can be done about the social determinants of health? – Flagpost – 5 July 2012

“Three recent reports: the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) report on perinatal depression, Australia’s Health 2012 (produced by the AIHW) and the Council of Australian Government (COAG) Reform Council performance report on the National Healthcare Agreement (2008) have highlighted the impact of the social determinants of health. These reports demonstrate the relationship between income, health status and access to health care. They clearly show that Australians with low incomes usually have poorer health outcomes.”

… continues on the site

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Better Health: An analysis of public policy and programming focusing on the determinants of health and health outcomes that are effective in achieving the healthiest populations – Canadian Health Services Research Foundation – 18 June 2012

Posted on June 27, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , , |

Better Health: An analysis of public policy and programming focusing on the determinants of health and health outcomes that are effective in achieving the healthiest populations – Canadian Health Services Research Foundation – 18 June 2012

Carles Muntaner, et al.

“Key Messages

Although major health inequalities exist in Canada, minimal action has been taken by municipal, provincial/territorial and federal levels of governments to narrow health inequalities through the social determinants of health (SDOH) and public policy.

Income, housing, food insecurity and social exclusion are four major social determinants in generating and reproducing health inequalities over the life course (childhood, adulthood and the elderly stage).

Low-income individuals and families have significantly higher rates of mortality, morbidity and healthcare use as compared with middle- and high-income groups. Health inequalities between the richest 20% and the poorest 20% have decreased from 1971 to 1996 in Canada; however, continued monitoring is needed given that income inequality has increased over the past decade.

Food insecurity and unstable housing are associated with poor health and, in turn, mediate the link between income and health (hunger and unstable housing affect health and result from low income). Mortality rates among homeless and marginally housed individuals were much higher than expected on the basis of low income alone.

Social exclusion is a powerful determinant of health inequalities; however, its effects are dependent upon which groups are compared. The health consequences of social exclusion are most unequal between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal groups. Immigrant health favours recent arrivals over long-term residents. Compared with non-minority ethnic groups, minority racial/ethnic groups are more likely to experience social and health disadvantages. However, no clear association exists for health inequalities between minority racial/ethnic groups.

Taking action on SDOH to narrow health inequalities offers new opportunities for the nursing profession to expand its role to include:

… continues on the site

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Australian Social Trends – ABS – June 2012

Posted on June 26, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Australian Social Trends – ABS – June 2012

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Australia’s health 2012 – Australian Institute of Health and Welfare – 21 June 2012

Posted on June 22, 2012. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Status | Tags: |

Australia’s health 2012 – Australian Institute of Health and Welfare – 21 June 2012

” ‘Australia’s health 2012’ is the thirteenth biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It is the most comprehensive and authoritative source of national information on health in Australia. It provides answers to questions such as: – How healthy are Australians? – What major milestones affect health over the life course? – How can we protect and promote good health? – What are the major causes of illness? – How do we treat people who are sick? – Where do our health dollars come fromand where do they go? – Who works in health? – What is being done to find out more about our health?”

ISSN 1032-6138; ISBN 978-1-74249-305-3; Cat. no. AUS 156; 628pp

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The Cost of Inaction on the Social Determinants of Health – Catholic Health Australia – 4 June 2012

Posted on June 5, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

The Cost of Inaction on the Social Determinants of Health – Catholic Health Australia – 4 June 2012

“An Australia-first study has found 500,000 people could avoid chronic illness, $2.3 billion in annual hospital costs could be saved, and the annual number of taxpayer-funded Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme prescriptions could be cut by 5.3 million.

The study, The Cost of Inaction on the Social Determinants of Health, reveals avoidable chronic illness costs the Federal Government $4 billion each year in welfare payments and the national economy $8 billion in lost earnings.

Click here to read the study’s findings.

Catholic Health Australia (CHA) commissioned the University of Canberra’s National Centre for Social and Economic Modeling (NATSEM) to calculate savings the Federal Government could achieve if the 2008 World Health Organisation (WHO) action plan on social determinants of health was implemented.”

… continues on the site

Senate Committee to Consider Social Determinants of Health – Ministerial media release

Senate Standing Committees on Community Affairs

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London’s business case for employee health and well-being – 28 May 2012

Posted on May 31, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Workforce | Tags: |

London’s business case for employee health and well-being – 28 May 2012

“London faces a number of health/work related issues with a greater percentage of people with health problems being workless in London than nationally, with fewer people with disabilities finding work, whilst the majority of Londoners on incapacity benefits have preventable and/or treatable conditions.

Employee ill health has costs to employers as well as to the individual and society. It has been estimated that an average London firm of 250 employees loses around £250,000 a year due to ill health.

Evidence would indicate that well designed employee welfare programmes that are integrated into the core of the firm can more than cover the costs of such a programme to the firm. The benefits of these programmes accrue not only to the firms running them but to the employee and society as a whole.”

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65th World Health Assembly closes with new global health measures – WHO – 26 May 2012

Posted on May 28, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

65th World Health Assembly closes with new global health measures – WHO – 26 May 2012

Extracts [heavily edited] from the News release

“Geneva – The Sixty-fifth World Health Assembly concluded Saturday after adopting 21 resolutions and three decisions on a broad range of health issues. The six days of discussions involved nearly 3000 delegates, including health ministers and senior health officials from amongst the 194 WHO Member States, as well as representatives from civil society and other stakeholders.

The agenda covered some of the biggest challenges and opportunities facing public health today.

The resolutions and decisions adopted by the Member States include:
Early marriages and young pregnancies:  …
Humanitarian emergencies: …
International Health Regulations: …
Mass gatherings:  …
Millennium Development Goals:  …
Noncommunicable diseases: The Health Assembly adopted several resolutions and decisions on noncommunicable diseases (NCDs):   …
Occupied Palestinian territory:   …
Pandemic influenza preparedness:   …
Intensification of the global polio eradication initiative:   …
Research and development:   …
Schistosomiasis:   …
Social determinants of health:  …
Substandard/spurious/falsely-labelled/falsified/counterfeit medical products:   …

Progress reports: The delegates also received progress reports in six areas: strengthening of health systems; disease eradication, prevention and control; reproductive health; food safety initiatives; climate change and health; partnerships and multilingualism.”

… continues on the site

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Health, United States, 2011 – CDC – May 2012

Posted on May 28, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Health, United States, 2011 – CDC – May 2012

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World Health Statistics 2012 – WHO – May 2012

Posted on May 28, 2012. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

World Health Statistics 2012 – WHO – May 2012

“World Health Statistics 2012 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.

This year, it also includes highlight summaries on the topics of noncommunicable diseases, universal health coverage and civil registration coverage.”

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Health Indicators 2012 – Canadian Institute for Health Information – 24 May 2012

Posted on May 28, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Preventive Healthcare, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , |

Health Indicators 2012 – Canadian Institute for Health Information – 24 May 2012

“The rate of deaths that could potentially be avoided through timely and effective health care and disease prevention dropped from 373 per 100,000 Canadians in 1979 to 185 per 100,000 Canadians in 2008. Health Indicators 2012, the most recent edition of the report produced annually by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) and Statistics Canada, includes updates on more than 40 measures for Canadian regions, including a suite of new avoidable mortality indicators.

“When we look into pan-Canadian results for avoidable deaths,” says Jeremy Veillard, Vice President, Research and Analysis, CIHI, “we can determine the respective impact of prevention efforts and of health care improvements.”

The report reveals that the rate of deaths that could be avoided by preventing disease from developing or an injury from occurring has decreased by 47% over a 30-year period. The rate for Canadians went from 225 per 100,000 in 1979 to 119 per 100,000 in 2008.

Meanwhile, deaths that could have been avoided through timely and effective health care intervention were reduced by 56%. This rate went from 149 per 100,000 Canadians in 1979 to 66 per 100,000 in 2008.”

… continues

Health Indicators 2012 is the 13th in a series of annual reports containing the most recently available health indicators data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information and Statistics Canada. In addition to presenting the most recent indicator results, this year’s report introduces a suite of new acute-care readmission indicators, as well as three new indicators focusing on avoidable mortality. An in depth analysis of Avoidable mortality indicators is presented in the In-Focus section of the report.”

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Doing good? Altruism and wellbeing in an age of austerity – Mental Health Foundation [UK] – 21 May 2012

Posted on May 23, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Doing good? Altruism and wellbeing in an age of austerity – Mental Health Foundation [UK] – 21 May 2012

More than three quarters of people think society has become more selfish

“New report from the Mental Health Foundation highlights how helping others is good for people’s mental health and wellbeing.

76% of people feel that others in society are more selfish and materialistic than they were ten years ago
67% think that people are less likely to go out of their way to be kind to a stranger compared to ten years ago
Charity highlights the evidence-base behind how helping others improves our own mental wellbeing and calls for people to carry out more acts of kindness

To coincide with Mental Health Awareness Week (21 – 27 May), UK charity the Mental Health Foundation, has today published its Doing Good? report. The report highlights the impact that helping others has on people’s mental health and wellbeing, following a public attitude survey which showed that people believe society has become more selfish.

The UK faces challenging and unstable times with volatile economic markets and job uncertainty. Many people say they feel too stressed and busy to worry about helping others or say they will focus on doing good deeds when they have more ‘spare time’ but the evidence shows that helping others is beneficial for people’s mental health and wellbeing. It can help us:

reduce stress
improve emotional wellbeing
benefit physical health
achieve a sense of belonging and reduce isolation
live longer
get rid of negative feelings.”

… continues

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World health statistics 2012 report – WHO – 16 May 2012

Posted on May 17, 2012. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Status | Tags: , |

World health statistics 2012 report – WHO – 16 May 2012

“The World health statistics 2012 report, released today, puts the spotlight on the growing problem of the noncommunicable diseases burden.

One in three adults worldwide, according to the report, has raised blood pressure – a condition that causes around half of all deaths from stroke and heart disease. One in 10 adults has diabetes.

“This report is further evidence of the dramatic increase in the conditions that trigger heart disease and other chronic illnesses, particularly in low- and middle-income countries,” says Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General of WHO. “In some African countries, as much as half the adult population has high blood pressure.”

For the first time, the World Health Organization’s annual statistics report includes information from 194 countries on the percentage of men and women with raised blood pressure and blood glucose levels.”

… continues

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Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health behaviour in school-aged children (HBSC) study: International report from the 2009 / 2010 survey – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2 May 2012

Posted on May 15, 2012. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health behaviour in school-aged children (HBSC) study: International report from the 2009 / 2010 survey – WHO Regional Office for Europe – 2 May 2012

Currie C et al., eds. Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2012 (Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6).
ISBN 978 92 890 1423 6

Extract from the introduction

“HBSC, a WHO collaborative cross-national study, collects data on 11-, 13- and 15-year-old boys’ and girls’ health and well-being, social environments and health behaviours every four years. Full contact details can be found on the HBSC web site (1).
HBSC uses findings at national and international levels:
• to gain new insight into young people’s health and well-being
• to understand the social determinants of health
• inform policy and practice to improve young people’s lives.
The first HBSC survey was conducted in 1983/1984 in five countries. The study has grown to include 43 countries and regions across Europe and North America. The table shows the growth in the international network over the eight survey rounds.”

Key findings

WHO site

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HEIDI wiki – Health in Europe: Information and Data Interface [website] – EC

Posted on May 15, 2012. Filed under: Health Informatics, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

HEIDI wiki – Health in Europe: Information and Data Interface [website] – EC

“Heidi – Health in Europe: Information and Data Interface – is a comprehensive search tool for European health information and data. It contains information about health status, determinants, diseases, health systems, trends, institutional and policy aspects – and much more.

Whether you want to know more about tobacco control or learn about the cancer burden in Europe, Heidi can help you!”

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Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey – WHO/Europe – 2 May 2012

Posted on May 4, 2012. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status | Tags: , , |

Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey – WHO/Europe – 2 May 2012

“Through this international report on the results of its most recent survey, the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study supplies the up-to-date information needed by policy-makers at various levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, and professionals in sectors such as health, education, social services, justice and recreation.

The latest addition to a series of HBSC reports on young people’s health, this report presents findings from the 2009/2010 survey on the demographic and social influences on the health of young people (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) in 43 countries and regions in the WHO European Region and North America. Responding to the survey, the young people described their social context (relations with family, peers and school), physical health and satisfaction with life, health behaviours (patterns of eating, tooth brushing and physical activity) and risk behaviours (use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, sexual behaviour, fighting and bullying). Statistical analyses were carried out to identify meaningful differences in the prevalence of health and social indicators by gender, age group and levels of family affluence.

The aim was to provide a rigorous, systematic statistical base for describing cross-national patterns, in terms of the magnitude and direction of differences between subgroups, thus contributing to a better understanding of the social determinants of health and well-being among young people, and providing the means to help protect and promote their health.”

Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6
ISBN 978 92 890 1423 6

Key findings and five fact sheets

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC)

Media release:      What we publish – WHO report reveals teenagers do not get a fair deal on health

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Gulf War Veterans’ Illnesses Task Force Report – US Department of Veterans Affairs – March 2012

Posted on April 11, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Gulf War Veterans’ Illnesses Task Force Report – US Department of Veterans Affairs – March 2012

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Assessing Fitness to Drive – Austroads – March 2012

Posted on April 10, 2012. Filed under: Aged Care / Geriatrics, Health Status | Tags: , |

Assessing Fitness to Drive – Austroads – March 2012

“Each year in Australia more than 1,300 Australians are killed on our roads and over 32,000 are seriously injured.  The total economic cost exceeds $18 billion annually and the social costs are also considerable.

Whilst many factors contribute to safety on the road, driver health is an important consideration and drivers must meet certain medical standards to ensure that their health status does not increase the risk of a crash in which they or other road users may be killed or injured.

In March 2012, new medical standards come into effect  for drivers of private and commercial vehicles.  The standards are contained in the document Assessing Fitness to Drive 2012, which replaces the previous standards (Assessing Fitness to Drive 2003).

This website provides information to health professionals to assist them in assessing patients’ ability to drive as well as advising them of their legal responsibilities.  It also provides information to drivers of both private and commercial vehicles, including changes to the standards which may affect them.”

Information kit on Assessing Fitness to Drive, Revised 2012

This kit contains:
• Frequently asked questions
• A summary of the key changes resulting from the review
• Media spokespersons

Graduated drivers’ licences for seniors: reclaiming one benefit of being young: editorial
Donald A. Redelmeier, Matthew B. Stanbrook
CMAJ  2 April 2012   doi: 10.1503/cmaj.120521

In defence of older drivers
Ezra Hauer
CMAJ  April 3, 2012 184:E305-E306
[subscription required]

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The Health of Canada’s Young People: a mental health focus – Public Health Agency of Canada – 2011

Posted on March 29, 2012. Filed under: Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status, Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: |

The Health of Canada’s Young People: a mental health focus – Public Health Agency of Canada – 2011

Cat.: 978-1-100-19335-9     ISBN: HP15-13/2011E

John G. Freeman, Matthew King, and William Pickett with Wendy Craig, Frank Elgar, Ian Janssen, and Don Klinger
214 pages

“Executive summary

The health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (hBSC) is a continuing, cross-national research project conducted in collaboration with the WhO Regional Office for Europe. there are now 43 participating countries and regions from North America and Europe. the study aims to contribute to new knowledge about the health, well-being, and health behaviours of young people (aged 11 to 15 years). hBSC is Canada’s only national-level health promotion database for this age group. the Federal Government has supported the Canadian hBSC study since 1988.

This report presents key findings from the 2010 cycle of hBSC. Current priorities for the public health system in Canada are particularly emphasized. As the hBSC study has traditionally focused upon the importance of social settings and conditions as potential determinants of health, this focus continues in the current report. in addition, this report examines the mental health of young Canadians as a primary theme.

In addition to our analysis of survey results from over 26,000 students, this report was informed by findings from a national youth engagement workshop. the purpose of this workshop was to obtain insights from a cross-section of young Canadians with respect to the key mental health findings. Efforts made to integrate the perspectives of young people directly into this report were driven by a philosophy that the opinions and insights of youth matter and the Federal Government’s role in supporting youth engagement through its committment to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. this represents a new initiative for hBSC in Canada, with interpretation of the national report findings being enriched by this  process.”

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Cancer incidence projections, Australia 2011 to 2020 – AIHW – 9 March 2012

Posted on March 29, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Oncology | Tags: |

Cancer incidence projections, Australia 2011 to 2020 – AIHW – 9 March 2012

“This report presents detailed projections of cancer incidence in Australia for 2011 to 2020. These projections are based on trends in national cancer incidence data from 1982 to 2007. It shows the number of cases of cancer diagnosed in Australia each year is projected to rise over the next decade for both males and females, and is expected to reach about 150,000 in 2020, with prostate and breast cancer continuing to be the most common cancers diagnosed in men and women respectively.”

ISBN 978-1-74249-282-7; Cat. no. CAN 62; 156pp.

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Australian Social Trends, March Quarter 2012 – ABS – 28 March 2012

Posted on March 28, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Australian Social Trends, March Quarter 2012  – ABS – 28 March 2012  4102.0

“Released quarterly, Australian Social Trends presents analysis and commentary on a wide range of social issues. The March edition includes the following articles: Disability and work; Life after homelessness; Love me do; and Life on ‘Struggle Street’: Australians in low economic resource households. “

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Causes of Death, Australia, 2010 – ABS – 20 March 2012

Posted on March 20, 2012. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Causes of Death, Australia, 2010 – ABS – 20 March 2012

“This publication presents statistics on the number of deaths for reference year by state or territory of Australia, sex, selected age groups, and cause of death classified to the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Version 10 of the ICD has been introduced from 1999.”

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Anorexia, Body Image and Peer Effects: Evidence from a Sample of European Women – Centre for Economic Performance – November 2011

Posted on March 2, 2012. Filed under: Health Status, Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: |

Anorexia, Body Image and Peer Effects: Evidence from a Sample of European Women – Centre for Economic Performance – November 2011

Abstract

“Excessive preoccupation with self-image (or identity) is regarded as a factor contributing to the proliferation of food disorders, especially among young women. This paper models how self-image and peer effects influence health-related behaviours, specifically food disorders. We empirically test our claims using data from the European survey. Our findings suggest that the larger the peers’ body-mass, the lower the likelihood of being anorexic. Self-image is correlated with body weight. We use several definitions of peers’ body mass and we find that all are negatively associated with the likelihood of women being thin or extremely thin.”

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Health Survey for England – 2010: Respiratory health – NHS Information Centre – 15 December 2011

Posted on December 19, 2011. Filed under: Health Status, Respiratory Medicine |

Health Survey for England – 2010: Respiratory health – NHS Information Centre – 15 December 2011

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Well-being in 2030. Aggregate report – European Commission – September 2011

Posted on December 2, 2011. Filed under: Health Status |

Well-being in 2030. Aggregate report – European Commission – September 2011

“This report is based on qualitative research conducted in March/April 2011 in eight member states – Estonia, Germany, Greece, France, Poland, Romania, Sweden and the UK.

Three discussion groups were reconvened in each country, stratified by different socio-economic and age groups, and by urban and rural areas. Respondents who participated in the first stage also participated in this stage.

The aim of the second stage of the research was to understand people’s priorities for societal well-being in 2030 and the trade-offs they would make when presented with specific scenarios.”

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Causes of Death, Australia: Doctor Certified Deaths, Summary Tables, 2010 – ABS – 29 November 2011

Posted on November 29, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Causes of Death, Australia: Doctor Certified Deaths, Summary Tables, 2010  – ABS – 29 November 2011

3303.0.55.001

“Deaths in Australia can be categorised as either deaths which are certified by a medical practitioner (doctor certified) or coroner. Doctor certified deaths are predominantly due to natural causes, whilst coroner certified deaths are typically due to external or unknown causes.

This publication contains summary information on causes of death for all doctor certified deaths for Australia.

Doctor certified deaths accounted for 87.9% of all deaths registered in 2010. The remainder were reported to, and certified by, a coroner.

Causes of death for all deaths in 2010, whether doctor or coroner certified, will be published in Causes of Death, Australia, 2010 (cat. no. 3303.0), due for release in 2012.”

… continues

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Good health at low cost 25 years on – London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine – November 2011

Posted on November 28, 2011. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Good health at low cost 25 years on – London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine – November 2011

“Why do some low and middle income countries manage to achieve good health outcomes while others fail? What factors drive improvements in the health system and in access to primary health care? How can we act on the social determinants of health in cash-strapped economies?

These questions are as relevant today as they were in 1985 when the Rockefeller Foundation published what was to become a seminal report – Good health at low cost. The report explored why some low and middle income countries achieved better health outcomes than others, making Good health at low cost essential reading for health systems decision- and policy-makers alike.

This new edition of Good health at low cost 25 years on draws on a series of new case studies from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kyrgyzstan, Tamil Nadu and Thailand providing fresh insights into the role of effective institutions, innovation and country ownership in catalysing improvements in health.

New challenges such as increasing urbanisation, a growing private sector and an upsurge in non-communicable diseases suggest that both learning from the past and new thinking are required to strengthen health systems. This edition provides both and is a vital resource for academics, policy-makers and practitioners grappling with how to improve health in low and middle income countries.”

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Learning From the Best: Benchmarking Canada’s Health System – Canadian Institute for Health Information – November 2011

Posted on November 25, 2011. Filed under: Health Mgmt Policy Planning, Health Status | Tags: |

Learning From the Best: Benchmarking Canada’s Health System – Canadian Institute for Health Information – November 2011

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Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs – OECD – 23 November 2011

Posted on November 25, 2011. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Status | Tags: |

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs – OECD – 23 November 2011

Health at a Glance 2011: OECD Indicators – Key Findings – Australia

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New institute to help narrow the health gap – Department of Health News [UK] – 21 November 2011

Posted on November 22, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

New institute to help narrow the health gap – Department of Health News [UK] – 21 November 2011

“A new UCL (University College London) Institute that aims to reduce health inequalities through action on the social determinants was launched today by the Health Secretary Andrew Lansley and Professor Sir Michael Marmot.

Speaking at the international Social Determinants of Health conference, the Health Secretary will set out the Government’s commitment to tackle health inequalities and to support the UCL Institute of Health Equity, which will be led by Sir Michael.   The Institute will receive £1 million funding from the Department of Health over the next three years to take forward action that will reduce health inequalities in England. The Institute will also be supported by UCL, the BMA and independently commissioned projects.

The UCL Institute for Health Equity will be new, authoritative and independent. It will collect the latest evidence, provide expert advice and share best practice both locally and internationally. It will build on previous world-renowned research and reviews led by Professor Marmot such as The Whitehall Study and the Fair Society, Healthy Lives review, which underpinned the recent Public Health White Paper.” 

 … continues

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Deaths, Australia, 2010 – Australian Bureau of Statistics ABS – released 10 November 2011

Posted on November 11, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Deaths, Australia, 2010 – Australian Bureau of Statistics ABS – released 10 November 2011

Extract from the media release:

“Australian’s life expectancy among the highest in the world

Australian life expectancy for both males and females continues to be amongst the highest in the world, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

A boy born today can expect to live an average of 79.5 years, while a girl can expect to live to 84.0 years. Having survived to age 60, men could expect to live another 23 years and women another 26 years.

Since 1990, life expectancy has increased by 6 years for men and just under 4 years for women, reflecting the decrease in death rates over time. The increase in life expectancy is one of the factors contributing to the ageing of Australia’s population.

Death rates have continued to decline over the past 20 years. In 2010, the standardised death rate was the lowest on record at 5.7 deaths per 1000 people. In 1990, the standardised death rate was 8.6 deaths per 1000 people.

The infant mortality rate decreased slightly, from 4.3 deaths per 1,000 births in 2009 to 4.1 in 2010.

There were nearly 143,500 deaths registered in 2010 (73,500 men and 70,000 women).

In 2010, death rates were lowest in the major cities (5.7 deaths per 1,000 standard population) and highest in very remote areas (8.1 deaths per 1,000 standard population).”

… continues

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Obesity and injury in Australia: a review of the literature – AIHW – 3 November 2011

Posted on November 3, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Obesity and injury in Australia: a review of the literature – AIHW – 3 November 2011

authors: Norton L, Harrison JE, Pointer S & Lathlean T

“Obesity and injury are major health burdens on society. Possible relationships between obesity and injury have recently been reported, but their nature and extent has been unclear. This report presents summary information from an overview of the existing literature to investigate obesity injury relationships. It also surveys opportunities to fill relevant gaps in knowledge in Australia.”

ISSN 1444-3791; ISBN 978-1-74249-227-8; Cat. no. INJCAT 136; 40pp

Media release – Report suggests obesity increases risk of injury

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Social determinants of health – what can doctors do? – British Medical Association – October 2011

Posted on October 19, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

Social determinants of health – what can doctors do? – British Medical Association – October 2011

“Social determinants and health inequalities pose a significant challenge to governments around the world.

The BMA’s new report explains how doctors can use their expertise to act as community leaders to tackle this issue and explores how the social determinants of health are factors that impact on health and well-being for which there is little control, for example, where we are born, grow up, live, work and our gender and age.

While these factors are not usually directly responsible for illness they have been described as the causes of the causes of illness. For example, while smoking may lead to heart disease and lung cancer, it is the social, including cultural and environmental factors, that largely determines whether an individual is more or less likely to smoke, and if they do start to smoke whether they are likely to quit successfully.

The report emphasises that while not every doctor has the opportunity to change the life course of individual patients they can make a difference in others ways to reduce health inequalities on a local, regional, national and international level.

It highlights examples of work doctors and their teams are already involved in, these include the Bromley-by-Bow centre in East London where GPs refer patients to professionals from welfare, employment, housing and debt advice services so that the underlying causes of their health problems can be addressed.

Other examples of doctors linked to projects that deal with the needs of the homeless in Glasgow  and doctors initiating deaf awareness training so that the health needs of this group was given greater priority.”

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An Exploratory Analysis of the Longitudinal Survey of Indigenous Children – Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, ANU – 2011

Posted on September 29, 2011. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Child Health / Paediatrics, Health Status |

An Exploratory Analysis of the Longitudinal Survey of Indigenous Children – Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, ANU – 2011

ISSN: 1442 3871      ISBN: 0 7315 4976 7

“Abstract
The Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC) or Footprints in Time is the first large-scale longitudinal survey in Australia to focus on the development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) children. The analysis presented in this paper is structured around six research questions using the LSIC: the size and composition of Indigenous children’s families and households; how key measures of parental wellbeing are associated with family and household structure and how they change through time; the factors associated with different types of early childhood education attendance; how household characteristics vary across the sample and how they change through time; how self-reported measures of the quality of the community in which a person lives compare with other neighbourhood-level indicators; and how migration is related to self-reported measures of the community and other area-level characteristics. The conclusions from the analysis in this paper are but a small subset of the insights that will emerge from analysis of the LSIC as more researchers make use of it and a greater number of waves and variables become available. Ultimately, in addition to ethically conducted randomised controlled trials, longitudinal databases are arguably the most effective source of data for designing evidence-based policy. One of the greatest contributions of the LSIC (and this paper) may be to demonstrate the feasibility and desirability of having such evidence for all Indigenous Australians, not just children.”

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Does income inequality cause health and social problems? – Joseph Rowntree Foundation – 22 September 2011

Posted on September 22, 2011. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: , , |

Does income inequality cause health and social problems? – Joseph Rowntree Foundation – 22 September 2011

Karen Rowlingson

“Should income inequality worry us?

The UK witnessed a dramatic growth in income inequality in the 1980s, and since then the level of inequality has increased further, though at a slower rate. But should we be concerned about this? This report provides an independent review of the evidence about the impact of inequality, paying particular attention to the evidence and arguments put forward in The Spirit Level by Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett (2009). The research examines:

whether or not there is a link between income inequality and health and social problems;
who might be most affected by income inequality; and
other possible impacts of income inequality, for example, on the economy.”

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Australian Social Trends, Sep 2011 – ABS – 21 September 2011

Posted on September 21, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , |

Australian Social Trends, Sep 2011  – ABS – 21 September 2011

4102.0
“Australian Social Trends includes national and state summary indicator sets across several broad areas of social concern. Two of nine indicator sets were released in September.”

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Social exclusion monitor – Brotherhood of St Laurence

Posted on September 16, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Social exclusion monitor

 “More than one million Australians experience deep social exclusion

Social exclusion occurs when someone experiences multiple, overlapping problems, such as unemployment, poor health and inadequate education, which stop them fully participating in society. Tackling social exclusion helps make Australia a better place to live for everyone.

The social exclusion monitor is a new approach to measuring social exclusion in Australia. Developed by the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR), it uses the annual Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey of 13,000 people.

The monitor finds that more than one million Australians deal with deep social exclusion. This means that they experience at least four different sorts of disadvantage in their lives, such as being on a low income, having little work experience, not being involved in community clubs or associations and not being socially active.

You can use the monitor to better understand who is missing out in Australia and to gauge the effectiveness of government social policy.”

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Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2011. WHO global report – September 2011

Posted on September 16, 2011. Filed under: Chronic Disease Mgmt, Health Status | Tags: |

Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2011. WHO global report – September 2011

Media release 

ISBN: 9789241502283

“Overview

The report features information about the noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) situation in 193 countries. This includes details of what proportion of each country’s deaths are due to diseases such as cancer, heart and lung diseases, and diabetes.

Using graphs, on a page-per country presentation format, the report provides information on prevalence, trends in metabolic risk factors (cholesterol, blood pressure, body mass index and blood sugar) alongside data on the country’s capacity to address the challenges posed by NCDs. Countries will be able to benchmark progress to date and determine where more efforts are needed.”

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Research Paper: Socio-Economic Indexes For Areas: Getting a Handle on Individual Diversity Within Areas – ABS – September 2011

Posted on September 16, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: |

Research Paper: Socio-Economic Indexes For Areas: Getting a Handle on Individual Diversity Within Areas – ABS – September 2011 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 12/09/2011

1351.0.55.036

“Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) summarise the socio-economic conditions of an area using relevant information from the Census. The SEIFA indexes are widely used measures of relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage at the Census Collector District level. Using 2006 Census data, this paper explores individual level diversity within areas by constructing and analysing two person-based socio-economic indexes: one of relative disadvantage and the other of relative advantage and disadvantage. In addition to illustrating and measuring the diversity of socio-economic advantage and disadvantage within area level SEIFA, the paper serves to highlight the advantages of SEIFA when compared with individual level indexes of relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage.”

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Physical Activity in Australia: A Snapshot, 2007-08 – ABS – released 9 September 2011

Posted on September 9, 2011. Filed under: Health Status, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Physical Activity in Australia: A Snapshot, 2007-08 – ABS – released 9 September 2011

4835.0.55.001

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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2010 report – Department of Health and Ageing – 2011 – August 2011

Posted on September 9, 2011. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Health Status |

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2010 report – Department of Health and Ageing – 2011 – August 2011

ISBN: 978-1-74241-525-3
Online ISBN: 978-1-74241-526-0

Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council, 2011, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance
Framework Report 2010, AHMAC, Canberra.

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Income inequality: Trends and Measures – The Equality Trust Research Digest – 2011

Posted on September 6, 2011. Filed under: Health Status | Tags: , , |

Income inequality: Trends and Measures – The Equality Trust Research Digest

“Key Points

UK income inequality increased by 32% between 1960 and 2005. During the same period, it increased by 23% in the USA, and in Sweden decreased by 12%.
In the 1960s Sweden and the UK had similar levels of income inequality. By 2005 the gap between the two had increased by 28%.
Since the 1980s income inequality in the United States and the UK has increased substantially and has returned to levels not seen since the 1920s.
The growth in inequality in the last 30 years has been driven by the top 1% of wage incomes.
Inequality measures drawn from standard household surveys underestimate income inequality by as much as 10 percentage points, due to the under-representation of the top 1% of incomes.
There is scope for governments to tackle inequality. Large income inequalities are not inevitable; Sweden owes its high levels of equality to policies introduced since the 50s.”

… continues

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