Alcohol & Drug Dep.

Alcohol’s burden of disease in Australia – VicHealth, Turning Point, Foundation for Alcohol Research & Education (fare) – July 2014

Posted on August 1, 2014. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Alcohol’s burden of disease in Australia – VicHealth, Turning Point, Foundation for Alcohol Research & Education (fare) – July 2014

Gao, C., Ogeil, R.P., & Lloyd, B. (2014). Alcohol’s burden of disease in Australia. Canberra: FARE and VicHealth in collaboration with Turning Point.
http://www.fare.org.au/

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The Alcohol Purchasing Patterns of Heavy Drinkers – NZ Ministry of Health – 11 June 2014

Posted on June 12, 2014. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

The Alcohol Purchasing Patterns of Heavy Drinkers – NZ Ministry of Health – 11 June 2014

“In 2011 the Ministry of Health commissioned research to investigate the alcohol purchasing patterns of heavy drinkers. The research informed consideration of a minimum pricing regime for alcohol by testing in the New Zealand context. International evidence indicates that heavy drinkers are the dominant purchasers of the cheapest alcohol.

The research found that while heavy drinkers purchased alcohol in the cheapest range more frequently than moderate or light drinkers did, the proportion of purchasing by heavy drinkers within the cheapest range was around 27%. In other words, 73% of the alcohol purchased by the heaviest drinkers was found not to be purchased from within the cheapest price bracket.

This report contributed to the Ministry of Justice’s Alcohol minimum pricing report.”

ISBN 978-0-478-42844-5 (online)

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Australian Indigenous Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre

Posted on June 6, 2014. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Australian Indigenous Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre

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Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 – WHO – 2014

Posted on May 13, 2014. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 – WHO – 2014

ISBN 978 92 4 156475 5 (Print)
ISBN 978 92 4 069276 3 (PDF)

Extract from the executive summary:

“This report provides a global overview of alcohol consumption in relation to public health (Chapter 1) as well as information on: the consumption of alcohol in populations (Chapter 2); the health consequences of alcohol consumption (Chapter 3); and policy responses at national level (Chapter 4). The main messages of these chapters can be summarized as follows:”

… continues

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Guidelines for the Identification and Management of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders in Pregnancy – WHO – 2014

Posted on May 5, 2014. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Obstetrics | Tags: |

Guidelines for the Identification and Management of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders in Pregnancy – WHO – 2014

“Overview

These guidelines contain recommendations on the identification and management of substance use and substance use disorders for health care services which assist women who are pregnant, or have recently had a child, and who use alcohol or drugs or who have a substance use disorder. They have been developed in response to requests from organizations, institutions and individuals for technical guidance on the identification and management of alcohol and other substance use and substance use disorders in pregnant women, with the target of healthy outcomes for both pregnant and their fetus or infant.”

ISBN-13: 978-92-4-154873-1

 

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Alcohol-use disorders: preventing harmful drinking – NICE Evidence Update March 2014

Posted on March 5, 2014. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Preventive Healthcare | Tags: |

Alcohol-use disorders: preventing harmful drinking – NICE Evidence Update March 2014

A summary of selected new evidence relevant to NICE public health guidance 24 ‘Alcohol-use disorders: preventing harmful drinking’ (2010)

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It’s about time: tackling substance misuse in older people revealing the extent to which problems among older people remain hidden – DrugScope – 27 February 2014

Posted on February 28, 2014. Filed under: Aged Care / Geriatrics, Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

It’s about time: tackling substance misuse in older people revealing the extent to which problems among older people remain hidden – DrugScope – 27 February 2014

Drawing on the results of recent studies and government figures, together with DrugScope’s own consultations with academics and health professionals and site visits to specialist services, the report highlights some disturbing trends:

It has been estimated that 1.4 million people aged over 65 currently exceed recommended drinking limits (1);
Between 2002-2010 – alcohol-related hospital admissions for men aged 65 and over have risen by 136% (2);
For women, the percentage rise over the same period has been 132% (2);
Alcohol-related death rates among those aged 55 and over have risen in the past year (3);
For the 75 plus group alcohol-related deaths are at the highest level since 1991, when records began (3);
These trends partly reflect the health consequences of long-term drug or alcohol use, but significant numbers of older people are also ‘late starters’ using substances to self-medicate physical and psychological problems associated with getting older;
Older people constitute the highest group of those using prescription medicines and over the counter drugs (4);
The population of people in treatment for heroin problems is also aging, and their health is increasingly impaired as problems related to heroin use are compounded by the aging process (5).

The report highlights some welcome and effective specialist service provision for older people with drug and alcohol problems, while calling for improved services and interventions for a group that has not been a focus at national drug and alcohol policy level or for health and social care agencies. It concludes that greater awareness of this issue is the critical first step to providing more effective support, with a need for specialist services that are age-appropriate and improved awareness and support in other care settings, including primary and social care.”

… continues on the site

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State of the Sector 2013: DrugScope research for the Recovery Partnership – DrugScope [UK] – 10 February 2014

Posted on February 18, 2014. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

State of the Sector 2013: DrugScope research for the Recovery Partnership – DrugScope [UK] – 10 February 2014

“DrugScope, the national membership organisation for the drug and alcohol sector, is today publishing a report on behalf of the Recovery Partnership.

The report, State of the Sector 2013 (1), contains the findings from a survey of nearly 170 drug and alcohol services, from across England’s four Public Health England regions. It finds the drug and alcohol sector in a period of flux and facing a number of challenges:”

… continues on the site

 

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Drugs: new psychoactive substances and prescription drugs – [UK] House of Commons, Home Affairs Committee – 20 December 2013

Posted on December 31, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Pharmacy |

Drugs: new psychoactive substances and prescription drugs – [UK] House of Commons, Home Affairs Committee – 20 December 2013

“In December 2012, we publish ed a report entitled Drugs: Breaking the Cycle, which contained a number of recommendations relating to drugs policy, all of which are reproduced in the annex below. In November 2013, we undertook to follow up on two of the specific issues raised with in that report—new psychoactive substances and addiction to prescription drugs.”

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Drinking Related Lifestyles report – RMIT – 4 November 2013

Posted on November 5, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Drinking Related Lifestyles report – RMIT – 4 November 2013

“Research asks: what type of drinker are you?

RMIT University researchers have studied thousands of alcohol drinkers to reveal four “drinking types”, in a project funded by VicHealth.

The types of drinkers give insights into the links between personality, cultural influences, and drinking to excess.

The Drinking Related Lifestyles report will inform a new campaign with the State Government to examine Victoria’s drinking culture, start a community conversation about alcohol and offer alternatives to getting drunk.

The research, funded by VicHealth and led by RMIT’s Associate Professor Mike Reid, was conducted in two parts.”

… continues on the site

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Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011-12 – Australian Institute of Health and Welfare – 28 August 2013

Posted on August 30, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011-12 – Australian Institute of Health and Welfare – 28 August 2013

“Almost 700 agencies provided over 150,000 treatment episodes for alcohol and other drug issues in Australia in 2011-12. Most of the closed episodes provided in 2011-12 were for clients receiving treatment for their own drug use, and these clients tended to be male and in their 20s and 30s. Alcohol was the most common principal drug of concern, accounting for almost half of these closed episodes, and counselling was the most common type of treatment.”

ISSN 14476746; ISBN 9781742494746; Cat. no. HSE 139; 168pp.

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Making recovery a reality in your community: A briefing for commissioners of mental health, drug and alcohol services – Alcohol Concern, DrugScope, Centre for Mental Health – August 2013

Posted on August 26, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

Making recovery a reality in your community: A briefing for commissioners of mental health, drug and alcohol services – Alcohol Concern, DrugScope, Centre for Mental Health – August 2013

Making recovery a reality through integrated mental health, drug and alcohol services – media release – 19 August 2013

“A new briefing on mental health, drug and alcohol services from Centre for Mental Health, Drugscope and Alcohol Concern urges commissioners to tackle the poorly integrated support received by those with overlapping needs.”

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Alcohol-attributable burden of disease and injury in New Zealand: 2004 and 2007 – Health Promotion Agency – July 2013

Posted on July 24, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Alcohol-attributable burden of disease and injury in New Zealand: 2004 and 2007 – Health Promotion Agency – July 2013

Connor, J.,Kydd,R.,Rehm, J.,Shield,K. (2013). Alcohol-attributable burden of disease and injury in New Zealand: 2004 and 2007, Research report commissioned by the Health Promotion Agency. Wellington: Health Promotion Agency.

ISBN: 978-1-927224-47-2 (print)
978-1-927224-48-9 (online)

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World Drug Report 2013 – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – 26 June 2013

Posted on July 1, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

World Drug Report 2013 – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – 26 June 2013

Press release

Executive Summary

Full report

Interactive statistics from UNODC

 

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Synthetic drugs (Part 1): Australian and international trends – FlagPost – Commonwealth Parliamentary Library – 28 June 2013

Posted on July 1, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Synthetic drugs (Part 1): Australian and international trends – FlagPost – Commonwealth Parliamentary Library – 28 June 2013

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Alcohol Related Liver Disease: Measuring the Units – National Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Deaths [UK](NCEPOD) – 2013

Posted on June 18, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: , |

Alcohol Related Liver Disease: Measuring the Units – National Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Deaths [UK](NCEPOD) – 2013

“This NCEPOD report highlights the process of care for patients who are treated for alcohol-related liver disease and the degree to which their mortality is amenable to health care intervention. The report takes a critical look at areas where the care of patients might have been improved. Remediable factors have also been identified in the clinical and the organisational care of these patients.”

Includes:

Report
Executive summary
Slides
Self assessment checklist for trusts

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Hazardous Drinking in 2011/12: Findings from the New Zealand Health Survey – NZ Ministry of Health – 16 April 2013

Posted on April 17, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Hazardous Drinking in 2011/12: Findings from the New Zealand Health Survey – NZ Ministry of Health – 16 April 2013

“This report presents key findings about alcohol use and hazardous drinking among adults aged 15 years and over. These results come from the 2011/12 New Zealand Health Survey.

Hazardous drinking refers to an established drinking pattern that carries a risk of harming physical or mental health, or having harmful social effects to the drinker or others. It is defined as a score of 8 or more on the 10-question Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).

Results are available by sex, age group, ethnic group and socioeconomic deprivation (NZDep).”

… continues on the site

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The societal costs of alcohol misuse in Australia – Australian Institute of Criminology – April 2013

Posted on April 3, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Health Economics | Tags: |

The societal costs of alcohol misuse in Australia – Australian Institute of Criminology – April 2013

” It is well documented that alcohol-related problems compromise individual and social health, and wellbeing. The individual harms are numerous, including premature death, loss of enjoyment and loss of social utility through fear of crime and victimisation. The misuse of alcohol, particularly among those most at risk in our community, presents a major challenge for all levels of government. In this paper, a study is presented that provides a better national-level estimate of the costs of alcohol-related problems in Australia. Despite taking a conservative estimate, the aggregate of a range of societal costs substantially outweighs the tax revenue for the Commonwealth generated from the sale of alcohol. Results of this study provide evidence to policymakers regarding costs to the criminal justice system, costs to the health system, costs resulting from lost productivity and costs related to alcohol-related road accidents. Such evidence will provide an understanding of the economic tradeoffs that are present when making decisions that affect all Australians. Proposals are provided in the conclusion for a greater investment in prevention, based on the sound evaluation of prevention and diversion strategies by comparison with treatment options, in order to ensure better investments for the nation.”

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What about the children? Joint working between adult and children’s services when parents or carers have mental ill health and/or drug and alcohol problems – Ofsted – 25 March 2013

Posted on March 26, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Child Health / Paediatrics, Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: |

What about the children? Joint working between adult and children’s services when parents or carers have mental ill health and/or drug and alcohol problems – Ofsted – 25 March 2013

Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills [UK]

“This thematic inspection by Ofsted and the Care Quality Commission explored how well adult mental health services and drug and alcohol services considered the impact on children when their parents or carers had mental ill health and/or drug and alcohol problems; and how effectively adult and children’s services worked together to ensure that children affected by their parents’ or carers’ difficulties were supported and safe. The report draws on evidence from cases in nine local authorities and partner agencies and from the views of parents, carers, children, practitioners and managers. Please note that where references are made to ‘children’ in general terms in this report, this refers to children and young people up to the age of 18 years.”

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NHS Atlas of Variation in Healthcare for People with Liver Disease – RightCare – March 2013

Posted on March 26, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Infectious Diseases | Tags: , , , , |

NHS Atlas of Variation in Healthcare for People with Liver Disease – RightCare – March 2013

“Liver Disease – a growing epidemic

Premature death from chronic liver disease is rising, largely as a result of lifestyle issues such as alcohol, drug-taking and obesity. There is significant local variation in these mortality rates, with deprivation a key factor.

During 1993-2010, there was an 88% rise in England in age-standardised mortality rate from chronic liver disease.

In 2011, the Department of Health estimated the cost of alcohol misuse to the NHS was £3.5bn. Over 24% of the population (33% of men, 16% of women) consume alcohol in a way that is potentially or actually harmful. In England, alcohol dependence affects 1m people aged 16-64 years. It is estimated that as few as 6% of these receive treatment.

Up to 10-20% of the population are potentially at some risk of developing some liver damage, while 600,000-700,000 individuals actually have a significant degree of damage.

Exposing variation

The NHS Atlas of Variation in Healthcare for People with Liver Disease uses data sets in the form of maps to reveal the extent of variations in services and outcomes.

This Atlas reveals widespread variation:

in the prevalence of risk factors for liver disease, including Hepatitis infection, obesity and alcohol abuse
in emergency admissions and routine treatments and operations
in the expenditure on liver disease services accross the NHS”

… continues on the site

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Alcohol and cancer: a report from the Alcohol Health Alliance UK – Royal College of Physicians – March 2013

Posted on March 25, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Oncology | Tags: , |

Alcohol and cancer: a report from the Alcohol Health Alliance UK – Royal College of Physicians – March 2013

“Alcohol and cancer draws on the latest research to explain the relationship between alcohol and cancer and why this is a problem that the UK needs to tackle now.

Alcohol is one of the most important preventable causes of cancer in the UK. The more a person drinks overall the higher their risk of developing cancer, yet even drinking within current guidelines can increase the risk for certain cancers. There is no level of drinking that can be considered ‘safe’ from the risk of cancer.

Despite these risks, the UK population continues to drink substantially more than we did 50 years ago. The solution is clear – reducing how much people drink overall will reduce their risk of cancer.

This report by the Alcohol Health Alliance UK draws on the latest research to explain the relationship between alcohol and cancer and why this is a problem that the UK needs to tackle now. It calls for the implementation of key strategies to lower the amount the UK population drinks as a whole and to support those who drink excessively to cut down.”

the report

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Patron Offending and Intoxication in Night-Time Entertainment Districts (POINTED) final report – Deakin University – 21 March 2013

Posted on March 22, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Patron Offending and Intoxication in Night-Time Entertainment Districts (POINTED) final report – Deakin University – 21 March 2013

Funded by the National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund, An Initiative of the National Drug Strategy

ISBN: 978-1-922009-36-4

“The results of a new national study, led by Deakin University, show that alcohol remains the driver for most of the harm experienced in the night-time entertainment districts across the country, with greater levels of intoxication and harm linked to later trading hours.”

report

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Health First: An evidence-based alcohol strategy for the UK – University of Stirling – 1 March 2013

Posted on March 5, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Health First: An evidence-based alcohol strategy for the UK –  University of Stirling – 1 March 2013

“More than 70 health organisations (PDF) from across the UK have backed a new independent alcohol strategy calling for the UK Government to prioritise Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP), amongst a set of key policies aimed at curbing the nation’s drink problem.

Published today by the University of Stirling the report, Health First: An evidence-based alcohol strategy for the UK (PDF) sets out for the first time a series of no-nonsense recommendations to tackle the harm caused by excess drinking across the UK.

The strategy was developed by a group of experts independent from government and the alcohol industry under the auspices of the Alcohol Health Alliance. There was unanimous agreement from the 70 organisations that a 50p minimum price per unit of alcohol sold should be the priority.”

… continues on the site

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‘Ice’ and other amphetamine-type stimulants: international and Australian trends – FlagPost – 5 March 2013

Posted on March 5, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

‘Ice’ and other amphetamine-type stimulants: international and Australian trends – FlagPost – 5 March 2013

“On 28 February, the Joint Organised Crime Group (comprising the Australian Federal Police (AFP), NSW Police, NSW Crime Commission, Australian Crime Commission (ACC) and the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (Customs)) announced it had seized 585 kilograms of ice in Sydney, an Australian record for a single seizure of the drug. The second largest seizure also occurred recently, with 306 kilograms seized by the AFP and Customs in July 2012. This FlagPost puts these seizures in context by examining some recent international and Australian findings on ice and related illicit drugs.”

… continues on the site

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Update on Emergency Department Visits Involving Energy Drinks: A Continuing Public Health Concern – The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) [US] – 10 January 2013

Posted on January 17, 2013. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Emergency Medicine, Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion | Tags: |

Update on Emergency Department Visits Involving Energy Drinks: A Continuing Public Health Concern – The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) [US] – 10 January 2013 [The DAWN report – drug abuse warning network]

“The number of emergency department (ED) visits involving energy drinks doubled from 10,068 visits in 2007 to 20,783 visits in 2011

Energy drinks are flavored beverages containing high amounts of caffeine and typically other additives, such as vitamins, taurine, herbal supplements, creatine, sugars, and guarana, a plant product containing concentrated caffeine. These drinks are sold in cans and bottles and are readily available in grocery stores, vending machines, convenience stores, and bars and other venues where alcohol is sold. These beverages provide high doses of caffeine that stimulate the central nervous system and cardiovascular system. The total amount of caffeine in a can or bottle of an energy drink varies from about 80 to more than 500 milligrams (mg), compared with about 100 mg in a 5-ounce cup of coffee or 50 mg in a 12-ounce cola.1 Research suggests that certain additives may compound the stimulant effects of caffeine. Some types of energy drinks may also contain alcohol, producing a hazardous combination; however, this report focuses only on the dangerous effects of energy drinks that do not have alcohol.”

… continues on the site

 

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2012 Annual report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe – European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

Posted on November 28, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

2012 Annual report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe – European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

ISBN 978-92-9168-538-7
doi:10.2810/64775

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Reducing Tobacco-Related Cancer Incidence and Mortality – Workshop Summary – Institute of Medicine – 1 November 2012

Posted on November 2, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Oncology | Tags: , , |

Reducing Tobacco-Related Cancer Incidence and Mortality – Workshop Summary – Institute of Medicine – 1 November 2012

Full text

“Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, causing more than 440,000 deaths and resulting in $193 billion in health-related economic losses every year. In addition to causing cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, tobacco use is linked to the development of 18 different types of cancer and accounts for at least 30 percent of all cancer deaths and 80 percent of lung cancer deaths. Despite the widespread agreement on the dangers of tobacco use and considerable success in reducing the smoking rate by half since the first U.S. Surgeon General’s report on smoking in 1964, progress in reducing tobacco use has slowed in recent years. Today, nearly 19 percent of U.S. adults smoke, many of whom began smoking as adolescents or young adults. In addition, the use of new tobacco and nicotine products is on the rise, with unclear health consequences.

Recognizing that progress in combating cancer will not be fully achieved without addressing the tobacco problem, the IOM’s National Cancer Policy Forum held a workshop June 11-12, 2012. The workshop examined current challenges in tobacco control and explored potential policy, outreach, and treatment strategies that could overcome these challenges and reduce tobacco-related cancer incidence and death. This document summarizes the workshop.”

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Bingeing, Collateral Damage and the Benefits and Cost of Taxing Alcohol Rationally – Report prepared for FARE Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education by Marsden Jacob Associates – 30 October 2012

Posted on October 30, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Health Economics | Tags: |

Bingeing, Collateral Damage and the Benefits and Cost of Taxing Alcohol Rationally – Report prepared for FARE Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education by Marsden Jacob Associates  – 30 October 2012

“Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA) was commissioned by the Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education (FARE) to prepare a benefit cost analysis (BCA) of alcohol taxation reform. The BCA undertaken and reported here, inter alia, extends the preliminary analysis presented by the review of Australia’s Future Tax System (the Henry Tax Review) and examines the impacts of relevant reform scenarios on alcohol related harms, consumer satisfaction and welfare, and government tax and revenues.”

Media release – Counting the benefits of alcohol tax reform

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Alcohol Harm Map [England]

Posted on October 17, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Alcohol Harm Map [England]

“Alcohol misuse is a significant public health challenge; it affects thousands of individuals, families and communities across the country and costs the NHS £2.7 billion each year.

This map reveals the real cost of alcohol on local health services.

Click on your region and select your local authority to uncover how many people are drinking too much and at what cost. Find out how your area compares to neighbouring local authorities.”

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A Fresh Approach to Drugs: the final report of the UK Drug Policy Commission – October 2012

Posted on October 17, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

A Fresh Approach to Drugs: the final report of the UK Drug Policy Commission – October 2012

ISBN: 978-1-906246-41-9

“In this report we identify a fresh approach to drug policy, with both a recasting of how we structure our response to drug problems, and an analysis of the evidence for how policies and interventions could be improved.”

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Alternatives to Prohibition: Illicit drugs: How we can stop killing and criminalising young Australians – Australia 21 – September 2012

Posted on September 11, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Alternatives to Prohibition: Illicit drugs: How we can stop killing and criminalising young Australians – Australia 21 – September 2012

Report 2 from the second Australia21 report on illicit drugs.

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The Handbook for Aboriginal Alcohol and Drug Work – University of Sydney – 11 September 2012

Posted on September 11, 2012. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

The Handbook for Aboriginal Alcohol and Drug Work – University of Sydney – 11 September 2012

“It has to fit in the glove box and you shouldn’t need a medical degree to make sense of it. It needs to be practical and useful to someone working in Cape York or in Adelaide. I’d like it to help me work with families, the community and keep track of the latest sleeping pills, inhalants or illegal drugs as well as the latest treatments.

In response to such requests, and in a first for Australia, a handbook written with and for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals has answered the call for a comprehensive resource to help clinicians address alcohol and drug issues.

The Handbook for Aboriginal Alcohol and Drug Work, publicly launched yesterday by the Governor of NSW and Chancellor of the University of Sydney, Her Excellency Professor Marie Bashir, is written specifically for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals.

“Workers in the field told us that they needed an easy-to-use handbook to help them meet the challenges they face every day,” said Professor Kate Conigrave, a specialist in addiction medicine at Sydney Medical School and a senior editor of the handbook.

“Clinicians in the alcohol and drug field are helping people with a mix of social, physical and mental health issues, as well as with alcohol or drugs. So the same person who may suffer from alcohol withdrawal seizures may also need treatment for viral hepatitis, treatment for mental health problems because of past traumas, and may urgently need secure and safe housing.”

“The clinician is trying to make all of this happen as well as supporting the person to stay away from alcohol. And all the time treatments for alcohol and drug problems are improving and changing, so clinicians need to stay up to date.”

The book was created in partnership between the University of Sydney and Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal agencies and health professionals. Four of the six editors are Aboriginal. All editors bring together decades of combined experience in working in urban and remote areas.”

… continues on the site

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Government’s Alcohol Strategy [England] – Commons Select Committee on Health, 3rd report – 19 July 2012

Posted on July 23, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Public Hlth & Hlth Promotion |

Government’s Alcohol Strategy [England] – Commons Select Committee on Health, 3rd report – 19 July 2012

“The Government’s Alcohol Strategy is a welcome attempt to address the problems alcohol causes in a coherent way, but its focus on public order overshadows health issues, warn MPs on the Health Committee in a new report.

Report: Government’s Alcohol Strategy

Inquiry: Government’s Alcohol Strategy

Health Committee

Launching the Committee’s Government’s Alcohol Strategy report, the Chair, Rt Hon Stephen Dorrell MP, said:

“The main focus of the strategy is binge drinking and its consequences for anti-social behaviour and public disorder. Those are important issues, but the health impact of chronic alcohol misuse is in our view also significant and greater emphasis needs to be placed on addressing that impact.

The Strategy contains a series of outcomes the Government wishes to bring about but does not define success.We believe that in order to be effective the Strategy needs some clearer objectives to provide a framework for both policy judgements and accountability.

We recommend that Public Health England should have a central role in developing these objectives, and linking them to local strategies in every area across the country.”

On the question of a minimum unit price for alcohol, Stephen Dorrell said:”

… continues on the site

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The Mental Health and Substance Use Workforce for Older Adults: In Whose Hands? – Institute of Medicine – 10 July 2012

Posted on July 16, 2012. Filed under: Aged Care / Geriatrics, Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol, Workforce | Tags: |

The Mental Health and Substance Use Workforce for Older Adults: In Whose Hands? – Institute of Medicine – 10 July 2012

full text

“At least 5.6 million to 8 million – nearly one in five – older adults in America have one or more mental health and substance use conditions, which present unique challenges for their care. With the number of adults age 65 and older projected to soar from 40.3 million in 2010 to 72.1 million by 2030, the aging of America holds profound consequences for the nation.

For decades, policymakers have been warned that the nation’s health care workforce is ill-equipped to care for a rapidly growing and increasingly diverse population. In the specific disciplines of mental health and substance use, there have been similar warnings about serious workforce shortages, insufficient workforce diversity, and lack of basic competence and core knowledge in key areas.

Following its 2008 report highlighting the urgency of expanding and strengthening the geriatric health care workforce, the IOM was asked by the Department of Health and Human Services to undertake a complementary study on the geriatric mental health and substance use workforce. An expert committee assessed the needs of this population and the workforce that serves it. The breadth and magnitude of inadequate workforce training and personnel shortages have grown to such proportions, says the committee, that no single approach, nor a few isolated changes in disparate federal agencies or programs, can adequately address the issue. Overcoming these challenges will require focused and coordinated action by all.”

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Practice standards for young people with substance misuse problems – Royal College of Psychiatrists – 27 June 2012

Posted on July 3, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Child Health / Paediatrics |

Practice standards for young people with substance misuse problems – Royal College of Psychiatrists – 27 June 2012

“Drug and alcohol misuse among young people is a major problem, although overall use is starting to decline. The UK has one of the highest rates of young people’s cannabis use and binge drinking in Europe, with some 13,000 hospital admissions linked to young people’s drinking each year. In recent years the number of specialist services for drug and alcohol misuse has increased so that young people can get the treatment they need. In 2010-2011 the number of under-18s accessing these services was 21,955.

The new standards have been developed by the Royal College of Psychiatrists’ Centre for Quality Improvement (CCQI) in partnership with substance misuse organisations, paediatricians, psychologists and nurses.They are aimed at all staff in contact with young people aged 18 or under (in universal, targeted and specialist services) across health, social care, education, youth justice system, and the voluntary and community sector.

The standards propose that services invest in the psychosocial development and well-being of young people with substance misuse problems to give them the best chance of a normal life through:”

… continues on the site

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World drug report 2012 – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – June 2012

Posted on July 3, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

World drug report 2012 – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – June 2012

ISBN: 978-92-1-148267-6
e-ISBN: 978-92-1-055653-8

Executive Summary

“Chapter I of this year’s World Drug Report provides an overview of recent trends and the drug situation in terms of production, trafficking and consumption and the consequences of illicit drug use in terms of treatment, drugrelated diseases and drug-related deaths.

Chapter II presents a long-term perspective on the characteristics and evolution of the drug problem and the main factors that shaped it. It starts with a discussion of the main characteristics of the contemporary drug problem, followed by an overview of the shifts observed over the last few decades, before concluding with an analysis of the driving factors that shaped the evolution of the drug problem, including a brief outlook for its likely future direction.”

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People with drug dependence need better access to health care – WHO – 26 June 2012

Posted on June 27, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

People with drug dependence need better access to health care – WHO – 26 June 2012

Resources for the Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders

WHO maps treatment and prevention resources in 147 countries

“26 June 2012 | Geneva – Most people with drug use disorders do not receive effective treatment and care, according to a new WHO information system that, for the first time, provides details on the resources allocated to the prevention and treatment of alcohol and drug-related problems in 147 countries. Until now, drug dependence has not been recognized as a health problem in many countries and stigma and discrimination associated with drug dependence have been major barriers to appropriate treatment.”

… continues

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Handbook for Aboriginal Alcohol and Drug Work – University of Sydney – launched 7 June 2012

Posted on June 18, 2012. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Handbook for Aboriginal Alcohol and Drug Work – University of Sydney – launched 7 June 2012

Media release

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Alcohol Consumption in Australia: A Snapshot, 2007-08 – ABS – released 18 May 2012

Posted on May 18, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Alcohol Consumption in Australia: A Snapshot, 2007-08  – ABS – released 18 May 2012

Australian Bureau of Statistics

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The prohibition of illicit drugs is killing and criminalising our children and we are all letting it happen – Australia21 – April 2012

Posted on April 4, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

The prohibition of illicit drugs is killing and criminalising our children and we are all letting it happen – Australia21 – April 2012

Report of a high level roundtable held at the University of Sydney on Tuesday 31st January 2012 on the topic “What are the likely costs and benefits of a change in Australia’s current policy on illicit drugs?”  More

Authors Bob Douglas and David McDonald

Extract from the executive summary:

“It is time to reopen the national debate about drug use, its regulation and control.

In June 2011 a prestigious Global Commission stated that the 40-year “War on Drugs” has failed, with devastating  consequences for individuals and societies around the world. It urged all countries to look at the issue anew.

In response to the Global Commission report, Australia21, in January 2012, convened a meeting of 24 former senior
Australian politicians and experts on drug policy, to explore the principles and recommendations that were enunciated by the Global Commission. The group also included two young student leaders, a former senior prosecutor, a former head of the Australian Federal Police, representatives of Families and Friends for Drug Law Reform and a leading businessman.

The Australian group agreed with the Global Commission that the international and Australian prohibition of the use of certain “illicit” drugs has failed comprehensively. By making the supply and use of certain drugs criminal acts, governments everywhere have driven their production and consumption underground and have fostered the development of a criminal industry that is corrupting civil society and governments and killing our children. By defining the personal use and possession of certain psychoactive drugs as criminal acts, governments have also avoided any responsibility to regulate and control the quality of substances that are in widespread use. Some of these illicit drugs have demonstrable health benefits. Many are highly addictive and harmful when used repeatedly. In that respect they are comparable to alcohol and nicotine, which are legal in Australia and, as a result, are under society’s control for quality, distribution, marketing and taxation. Australia has made great progress in recent decades reducing the harm from tobacco – a drug which kills half the people who use it.”

… continues on the site

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The chroming report: a Government framework for children-in-care – Commission for Children and Young People and Child Guardian – 10 November 2011

Posted on April 4, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Child Health / Paediatrics |

The chroming report: a Government framework for children-in-care – Commission for Children and Young People and Child Guardian – 10 November 2011

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A minimum price for alcohol? – Commons Library Standard Note [Parliament UK] – 27 March 2012

Posted on April 2, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

A minimum price for alcohol? – Commons Library Standard Note [Parliament UK] – 27 March 2012

Authors: Philip Ward, John Woodhouse

“In public debate the term “minimum pricing” has been used generically to refer to two different policies. The first is to set a minimum price per unit of alcohol. The second is to ban the sale of alcohol below cost price.

The Government’s alcohol strategy, published on 23 March 2012, states that legislation for a minimum unit price will be introduced “as soon as possible”. There will be consultation on the actual price but, once introduced, it will be illegal for alcohol to be sold for less than the set price. The assumptions in the strategy are based on a minimum unit price of 40p.

Prior to the alcohol strategy, the Government had intended to ban the sale of alcohol below cost price. This was a pledge originally made in the Coalition Agreement and it was expected to find expression in the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Bill, introduced in December 2010.

Minimum pricing did not appear in the Bill but, in January 2011, the Government announced that it would “take forward measures to deliver this commitment without delay”. A ban on the sale of alcohol below the rate of duty plus VAT was expected to come in to force from 6 April 2012. However the new strategy states that, given the intention to introduce a minimum unit price, the ban on sales below cost price will not now be implemented.

The Scottish Government is also attempting to legislate for the introduction of a minimum price per unit through the Alcohol (Minimum Pricing)(Scotland) Bill.”

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The Government’s Alcohol Strategy – HM Government – 23 March 2012

Posted on March 27, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

The Government’s Alcohol Strategy – HM Government – 23 March 2012

Cm 8336   ISBN: 9780101833622

“The alcohol strategy sets out proposals to crackdown on our ‘binge drinking’ culture, cut the alcohol fuelled violence and disorder that blights too many of our communities, and slash the number of people drinking to damaging levels.

The strategy includes commitments to:

introduce a minimum unit price for alcohol
consult on a ban on the sale of multi-buy alcohol discounting
introduce stronger powers for local areas to control the density of licensed premises including making the impact on health a consideration for this
pilot innovative sobriety schemes to challenge alcohol-related offending”

Media release – Alcohol industry sheds a billion units to cut hospital admissions and 1,000 deaths

Alcohol strategy published

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Caring for people who sniff petrol or other volatile substances: a quick reference guide for health workers – NHMRC – September 2011

Posted on February 27, 2012. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: , |

Caring for people who sniff petrol or other volatile substances: a quick reference guide for health workers – NHMRC – September 2011

ISBN Print: 1864965223  ISBN Online: 1864965231

“This quick reference guide contains information about how to care for people who deliberately become intoxicated by inhaling vapours from solvents, gases or aerosols (often called sniffing, bagging, huffing or chroming). People sniff for different reasons, just as people get drunk for different reasons. Sniffable products include petrol, paint stripper and other products used in building and plumbing, glue, nail polish remover, fuel gas, lighter fluid, spray paint and other spray cans.

This guide is a summary of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) consensus-based clinical practice guideline for the management of volatile substance use in Australia (‘full guideline’).1 It is designed for quick reference by general practitioners, nurses, Aboriginal health workers, alcohol and other drug workers, and allied health professionals. Use the full guideline if you need more detailed information.

The clinical guideline provides mainly consensus-based recommendations, because there is not enough high-level evidence to make evidence-based recommendations. The guideline also provides practice points on some additional topics that were not included in the clinical questions answered by the guideline.”

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Statistics on alcohol – Parliament UK – Commons Library Standard Note – 1 February 2012

Posted on February 3, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Statistics on alcohol – Parliament UK – Commons Library Standard Note – 1 February 2012

“Statistics on alcohol by Rachael Harker (SN/SG/3311) presents statistical information on aspects of drinking. The Note examines trends and patterns in drinking among adults and young people. It also includes information on alcohol-related ill health, NHS hospital activity and the cost of alcohol misuse.”

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Alcohol Guidelines – Science and Technology Committee, Parliament UK – Eleventh Report – Published online 9 January 2012

Posted on January 10, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Alcohol Guidelines – Science and Technology  Committee, Parliament UK – Eleventh Report – Published online 9 January 2012

Alcohol guidelines inquiry site 

Media release 9 January 2012

 

 

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Alcohol and sex a cocktail for poor sexual health – 3 January 2012

Posted on January 4, 2012. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Infectious Diseases |

Alcohol and sex a cocktail for poor sexual health – 3 January 2012

“NHS missing key opportunities to tackle alcohol abuse

A new report from the Royal College of Physicians (RCP) and British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) has exposed missed opportunities to tackle alcohol abuse through existing sexual health services.  More than one million young people attend sexual health clinics each year. The report argues that this provides a unique opportunity to communicate key messages relating to alcohol consumption to those who are at risk.

The report highlights clear evidence linking alcohol consumption to poor sexual health, particularly in the young:”

… continues on the site

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Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2009-10: report on the National Minimum Data Set – AIHW – 11 November 2011

Posted on November 11, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2009-10: report on the National Minimum Data Set – AIHW – 11 November 2011
http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=10737420496

“Around 170,000 treatment episodes for alcohol and other drug use were provided in Australia in 2009-10. Almost half were for treatment related to alcohol use-the highest proportion observed since the collection began in 2001. As with previous years, counselling was the most common type of treatment offered. One in ten episodes involved more than one type of treatment.”

ISSN 1447-6746; ISBN 978-1-74249-224-7; Cat. no. HSE 114; 150pp

Media release:  More Australians seeking treatment for alcohol use

“Increasing numbers of Australians are using drug treatment services for alcohol use, according to a report released today by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2009-10: report on the National Minimum Data Set, shows that alcohol was the principal drug of concern reported in almost half (48%) of the 147,000 community-based drug treatment episodes provided across Australia in 2009–10.

‘This is the highest proportion of treatment episodes for alcohol use since the data collection began in 2001–02,’ said AIHW spokesperson Brent Diverty.”

… continues

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Drugs in Australia 2010: tobacco, alcohol and other drugs – AIHW – 11 November 2011

Posted on November 11, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Drugs in Australia 2010: tobacco, alcohol and other drugs – AIHW – 11 November 2011

“Drugs in Australia 2010 provides a comprehensive summary of Australians’ consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs and use of treatment services, drawing on the latest statistics from major national collections. It also includes information about drug-related health issues, and drugs in the context of crime and law enforcement.”

ISSN 1442-7230; ISBN 978-1-74249-230-8; Cat. no. PHE 154; 175pp

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Consensus-Based Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Volatile Substance Use in Australia – NHMRC – 28 October 2011

Posted on October 31, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: , , |

Consensus-Based Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Volatile Substance Use in Australia – NHMRC – 28 October 2011

“The Minister for Mental Health and Ageing, Mark Butler, and Minister for Indigenous Health, Warren Snowdon, today welcomed Australia’s first Consensus-Based Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Volatile Substance Use in Australia, and a quick-reference summary, to support heath workers treating clients in this challenging area.

Volatile substance use (VSU) – inhaling solvents, gases and aerosols for intoxication – is a significant problem in some Australian communities.

Mr Butler said people who use volatile substances, such as petrol or glue, often have special needs not met by conventional drug and alcohol treatment strategies.

“Health professionals working in metropolitan, rural and remote communities now have a clinical practice guideline that provides a planned approach to identify, assess and treat people who use volatile substances,” Mr Butler said.

“This means that the best quality clinical information is now easily accessible to general practitioners, health workers, as well as other clinicians.”

Mr Snowdon said the short and long term consequences of substance use can be devastating not only for the individual and their family, but also for their community.”  … continues on the site

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Measuring alcohol risk in the 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: implementation of the 2009 Alcohol Guidelines – AIHW – 29 September 2011

Posted on October 3, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Measuring alcohol risk in the 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: implementation of the 2009 Alcohol Guidelines – AIHW – 29 September 2011

“This report outlines the steps involved to develop a consistent measure for analysing the 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey alcohol data. The report details the methods and questions used for reporting single occasion risk and lifetime risk in line with the National Health and Medical Research Council’s Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol. The development of these new guidelines impacted interpretation of the proportion of the population drinking alcohol at risky levels.”

ISSN 1442-7230; ISBN 978-1-74249-205-6; Cat. no. PHE 152; 30pp

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Creating Connections: Alberta’s Addiction and Mental Health Strategy – September 2011

Posted on September 16, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol, National Health Strategies |

Creating Connections: Alberta’s Addiction and Mental Health Strategy – September 2011

“The purpose of the Strategy is to transform the addiction and mental health system in Alberta. The ultimate goal is to reduce the prevalence of addiction, mental health problems and mental illness in Alberta through health promotion and prevention activities and to provide quality assessment, treatment and support services to Albertans when they need them.”

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Work Quality, not just Quantity. Work-Related Predictors of Psychological Distress, Work-Family Interaction and Alcohol Consumption – Centre for Work + Life, University of South Australia – 22 August 2011

Posted on September 1, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol, Workforce |

Work Quality, not just Quantity. Work-Related Predictors of Psychological Distress, Work-Family Interaction and Alcohol Consumption – Centre for Work + Life, University of South Australia – 22 August 2011
Jill Dorrian, Natalie Skinner and Sandra Pisaniello

This study was undertaken as a collaboration between the University of South Australia Centre for Work + Life  and Centre for Sleep Research, and was funded by SafeWork SA.

ISBN: 978-0-9808390-1-2

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A summary of the health harms of drugs – Centre for Public Health on behalf of the Department of Health and National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse – 25 August 2011

Posted on August 31, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

A summary of the health harms of drugs – Centre for Public Health on behalf of the Department of Health and National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse – 25 August 2011

Author: The Centre for Public Health, Faculty of Health & Applied Social Science, Liverpool John Moore’s University, on behalf of the Department of Health and National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse

“This essential guide for drug and treatment professionals provides the most up to date scientific evidence on the health harms arising from licit and illicit substance misuse. This publication updates the 2003 “Dangerousness of Drugs” guide and outlines acute chronic problems associated with each substance. The updated guide considers new drugs since the last guide was published, such as novel synthetic drugs and takes a more in-depth look at the potential harms of using more than one drug and the adulterants commonly added to illegal drugs.

“A summary of the health harms of drugs” has been published on both the Department of Health(DH) and the National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse(NTA) websites. It was commissioned by the NTA on behalf of the DH, and collated by the centre for Public health at Liverpool John Moores University and has been independently peer reviewed by a range of UK-based and international experts on each licit and illicit drug.”

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2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report – AIHW – 27 July 2011

Posted on August 1, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report – AIHW – 27 July 2011

“This 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report shows: positive and significant reductions since 2007 in daily tobacco smoking; mixed findings on alcohol consumption and risk; and a small overall rise in illicit drug use. In terms of attitudes to drugs, excessive alcohol use and tobacco smoking were nominated as the two most serious concerns to the community – and there were higher levels of support than previously for tobacco and alcohol harm reduction policies.”

ISSN 1442-7230; ISBN 978-1-74249-188-2; Cat. no. PHE 145; 323pp

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Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set 2011-12: specifications and collection manual – AIHW – 14 July 2011

Posted on July 22, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set 2011-12: specifications and collection manual – AIHW – 14 July 2011

“The Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set (AODTS-NMDS) data specifications and collection manual has been prepared as a reference for those involved in collecting and supplying the data for the AODTS-NMDS. It should be particularly useful to staff in Australian Government, state and territory departments, and alcohol and other drug treatment agency staff directly involved in the collection and reporting of the data set. Treatment agency staff looking for information to assist them in providing AODTS-NMDS data to third parties will find details about each data item, such as ‘principal drug of concern’, in Chapter 4.”

ISSN 1447-6746; ISBN 978-1-74249-184-4; Cat. no. HSE 110; 192pp

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Mental Health and Addiction Services for Older People and Dementia Services: Guideline for District Health Boards – NZ Ministry of Health – June 2011

Posted on July 7, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

Mental Health and Addiction Services for Older People and Dementia Services: Guideline for District Health Boards – NZ Ministry of Health – June 2011

“Summary of publication

This guideline provides a means to achieve an integrated system for users and providers of mental health and addiction services for older people, and dementia services for people of any age. The guideline includes guiding service principles, an evidence-based seven-tiered service model, and recommendations for achieving the vision.

The document discusses the requirements of the proposed framework for the following services: services for Māori, Mental health prevention and promotion, primary health care, specialist services for mental health, addiction and dementia, support services in home and residential care, alcohol and drug services, intellectual disability, and long-term conditions. The guideline also discusses and makes recommendations on workforce requirements and clinical leadership.”

ISBN numbers: 978-0-478-37439-1 (print) 978-0-478-37440-7 (online)

HP number: 5300

Citation: Ministry of Health. 2011. Mental Health and Addiction Services for Older People and Dementia Services: Guideline for district health boards on an integrated approach to mental health and addiction services for older people and dementia services for people of any age. Wellington: Ministry of Health.

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1248.0 – Australian Standard Classification of Drugs of Concern, 2011 – ABS – 6 July 2011

Posted on July 7, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

1248.0 – Australian Standard Classification of Drugs of Concern, 2011 – ABS – 6 July 2011

“OVERVIEW

The Australian Standard Classification of Drugs of Concern (ASCDC) is the Australian statistical standard for classifying data relating to drugs which are considered to be of concern in Australian society. The ASCDC is essentially a classification of type of drug of concern based on the chemical structure, mechanism of action and effect on physiological activity of the drugs of concern. The classification of Type of Drug is described as the ‘main classification structure’ throughout the ASCDC document. The ASCDC is intended for use in the collection, classification, storage and dissemination of all statistical, administrative and service delivery data relating to drugs of concern.

There are two additional classifications, Form of Drug and Method of Drug Use.

The ASCDC assists government planners, policy analysts and social researchers by providing a consistent framework for the classification of drug-related data. The use of the standard definitions, classifications and coding procedures detailed in the ASCDC helps to ensure the comparability and compatibility of data derived from a range of different statistical, administrative and service provision systems at both the state and national level.”

… continues

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Young people, alcohol and influences – Joseph Rowntree Foundation – 17 June 2011

Posted on June 29, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Child Health / Paediatrics | Tags: |

Young people, alcohol and influences – Joseph Rowntree Foundation – 17 June 2011

Pamela Bremner et al.

“This report presents the findings from a major study of young people and their relationship with alcohol, and explores the wide range of influences on their drinking.

This study differs from other research: it develops evidence of how different domains of influence work together, understanding their relative importance in tackling different patterns of drinking among different groups.

The study involved a survey of 5,700 teenagers aged 13–14 (Year 9) and 15–16 (Year 11) in schools in England and data was statistically modelled to highlight the strongest influences on and predictors of young people’s drinking.

The report:

  • examines circumstances surrounding young people’s first time drinking, their current drinking patterns (including levels of consumption), and their experiences of drunkenness; and
  • develops our understanding of what really influences young people’s drinking patterns by identifying the domains and indicators that have the strongest relationship with their behaviour.”
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Open Minds, Healthy Minds. Ontario’s Comprehensive Mental Health and Addictions Strategy – June 2011

Posted on June 24, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

Open Minds, Healthy Minds. Ontario’s Comprehensive Mental Health and Addictions Strategy – June 2011

“The time to act is now. Open Minds, Healthy Minds offers a comprehensive approach to transforming the mental health system through a clear mission, forward-thinking vision and long-term strategies for change.

We will only be able to achieve our goals with strong commitment, leadership and accountability from both inside and outside government. We need to work together.

By acting together, we can transform services so that all Ontarians have timely access to an integrated system of coordinated and effective promotion, prevention, early intervention, and community support and treatment programs.”

… continues on the site

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Supporting partnerships to reduce alcohol harm: key findings, recommendations and case studies from the Alcohol Harm Reduction National Support Team – UK – 24 March 2011

Posted on March 25, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Supporting partnerships to reduce alcohol harm:  key findings, recommendations and case studies from the Alcohol Harm Reduction National Support Team – UK – 24 March 2011
Pages: 56

“This document records the methodology and findings of the Alocohol Harm Reduction National Support Team. It provides collated and aggregated information about what the team have recommended in visited areas, with the intention to provide readers with helpful information to draw upon in their current work. It also contains signposting, case studies and examples of good practice.”

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Preliminary assessment of economic impacts of alcohol pricing policy options in the UK – RAND – March 2011

Posted on March 24, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Health Economics | Tags: |

Preliminary assessment of economic impacts of alcohol pricing policy options in the UK – RAND – March 2011

Document Number: TR-858-1-HO

“In an effort to understand the economic implications associated with various possible measures to tackle alcohol harms, the Home Office commissioned RAND Europe to undertake research into three particular policies — minimum pricing, ban on below-cost sales, and taxation. This study presents evidence on the links between alcohol prices and consumption and the economic impacts of each policy option, the statistical data describing the market for alcohol and findings from interviews with key stakeholders.

Main findings for each policy option are as follows:

Ban on below cost sales (cost defined as VAT + duty): The effect on consumption may be relatively small compared with broader restrictions on discounts and promotions, and also with the introduction of certain minimum prices or tax hikes. Nevertheless, even if the effect is small, where it increases the price of the cheapest drinks, the ban could potentially lead to some reduction in hazardous/harmful drinking.
Increased taxation: When the taxes are passed on, taxes affect all drinkers, which is why taxation has been considered a ‘blunt instrument’ that does not target those drinkers who cause harms, instead affecting all consumers to some extent.
Minimum price: Depending on the minimum price introduced, the effect of this policy is especially strong for low-cost alcohol. Thus, minimum pricing has important implications for young and hazardous/harmful drinkers and low-income groups, who are more likely to purchase cheaper drinks.”

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Consultation on options for improving information on the labels of alcoholic drinks to support consumers to make healthier choices in the UK – response to consultation – published 15 March 2011

Posted on March 18, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Consultation on options for improving information on the labels of alcoholic drinks to support consumers to make healthier choices in the UK – response to consultation – published 15 March 2011

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Managing Drug and Alcohol Prevention and Treatment Services – Victorian Auditor-General’s Office – 2 March 2011

Posted on March 2, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Managing Drug and Alcohol Prevention and Treatment Services – Victorian Auditor-General’s Office – 2 March 2011

“Harmful drug and alcohol use is a major social issue with an estimated annual cost to the community of $14 billion. Around 77 000 Victorians are hospitalised for alcohol and drug related conditions each year and 27 000 enter government-funded specialist alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment programs.

The current community-based alcohol and drug program has operated since 1997. The state allocated $135.7 million for AOD prevention and treatment activities in 2010–11, with 81 per cent of program funding allocated to treatment.

The audit found that the Department of Health has no assurance that the service system objectives, of effective case management and continuity of care for clients, and consistent, high quality services, are being achieved.

Despite thirty-one reviews of various service system components since 1999, refinement of the treatment system has been at the margins. A real commitment to implement long overdue reforms is required.”

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Alcohol use disorders: diagnosis, assessment and management of harmful drinking and alcohol dependence – NICE Guideline – February 2011

Posted on February 28, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: , |

Alcohol use disorders: diagnosis, assessment and management of harmful drinking and alcohol dependence – NICE Guideline – February 2011

“This clinical guideline offers evidence-based advice on the diagnosis, assessment and management of harmful drinking and alcohol dependence in adults and in young people aged 10–17 years.”

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Making alcohol a health priority: opportunities to reduce alcohol harms and rising costs – Alcohol Concern (UK) – January 2011

Posted on February 16, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Making alcohol a health priority: opportunities to reduce alcohol harms and rising costs – Alcohol Concern (UK) – January 2011

“This report makes recommendations to policy-makers and commissioners on improving alcohol services in England.”

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Global status report on alcohol and health – WHO – 11 February 2011

Posted on February 14, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Global status report on alcohol and health – WHO – 11 February 2011

“The newly published Global status report on alcohol and health analyses available evidence on alcohol consumption and provides data in over 100 individual country profiles.

Wider implementation of policies is needed to save lives and reduce the health impact of harmful alcohol drinking, says a new report launched today by WHO. Harmful use of alcohol results in the death of 2.5 million people annually, causes illness and injury to many more, and increasingly affects younger generations and drinkers in developing countries.

Harmful use of alcohol is defined as excessive use to the point that it causes damage to health and often includes adverse social consequences.”

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Substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people – AIHW – 8 February 2011

Posted on February 8, 2011. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people – AIHW – 8 February 2011

“The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the prevalence of substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as well as the use of services for substance abuse. The report will focus on three main categories of substance that have major health implications for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: tobacco smoking, alcohol use and illicit substance use.”

Authored by AIHW.

Published 8 February 2011; ISBN-13 978-1-74249-119-6; AIHW cat. no. IHW 40

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Economic impacts of alcohol pricing policy options in the UK – RAND – 2011

Posted on February 4, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Health Policy | Tags: |

Economic impacts of alcohol pricing policy options in the UK – RAND – 2011

by Priscillia Hunt, Lila Rabinovich, Ben Baumberg

“In an effort to understand the economic implications associated with various possible measures to tackle alcohol harms, the Home Office commissioned RAND Europe to undertake research into three particular policies — minimum pricing, ban on below-cost sales, and taxation. This study presents evidence on the links between alcohol prices and consumption and the economic impacts of each policy option, the statistical data describing the market for alcohol and findings from interviews with key stakeholders.”

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Reducing alcohol and other drug related harm – Closing the Gap Clearinghouse – December 2010

Posted on January 28, 2011. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: , |

Reducing alcohol and other drug related harm – Closing the Gap Clearinghouse – December 2010

Resource sheet no. 3 produced for the Closing the Gap Clearinghouse
Dennis Gray and Edward Wilkes, December 2010

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Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Western Australia 2008-09: findings from the National Minimum Data Set (NMDS)

Posted on January 28, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Western Australia 2008-09: findings from the National Minimum Data Set (NMDS)

“This data bulletin summarises the main findings from the 2008-09 Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set (AODTS-NMDS) for Western Australia. Other data bulletins are available for most state and territories in Australia. More detailed information about the 2008-09 collection and its national findings can be found in the publications Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2008-09: report on the National Minimum Data Set (AIHW 2010).”

Authored by AIHW.

Published 28 January 2011; ISBN-13 978-1-74249-105-9; AIHW cat. no. HSE 95

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SYNAR Reports: Youth Tobacco Sales: Fiscal Year 2009 (US Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration) – Published December 2010

Posted on January 25, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Child Health / Paediatrics | Tags: |

SYNAR Reports: Youth Tobacco Sales: Fiscal Year 2009 (US Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration) – Published December 2010

“Details trends in sales of tobacco to minors, and the success of state compliance with the Synar Amendment requiring laws against the sales of tobacco to youths. Identifies common characteristics of states that reach compliancy goals and stresses the importance of prevention in decreasing teen tobacco use.”

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Australian secondary school students’ use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2008 – released 18 January 2010

Posted on January 18, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Child Health / Paediatrics |

Australian secondary school students’ use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2008 – released 18 January 2010

National Drug Strategy

Ministerial press release

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Drinking patterns in Australia, 2001-2007 – AIHW – December 2010

Posted on January 11, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

Drinking patterns in Australia, 2001-2007 – AIHW – December 2010

This report uses data from the three most recent National Drug Household Surveys to look at trends in alcohol consumption, alcohol-related harm, alcohol beverage of choice, and under-age drinking. Using the 2007 data, the report also explores factors that are associated with short-term risky or high-risk drinking behaviour.

Authored by AIHW.

Published 17 December 2010; ISBN-13 978-1-74249-100-4; AIHW cat. no. PHE 133; 54pp.

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Respect, Recovery, Resilience: Recommendations for Ontario’s Mental Health and Addictions Strategy – December 2010

Posted on January 10, 2011. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

Ontatio – Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Respect, Recovery, Resilience: Recommendations for Ontario’s Mental Health and Addictions Strategy – December 2010

The members of the Minister’s Advisory Group are pleased to submit their final report and recommendations for a 10-Year Mental Health and Addictions Strategy for Ontario to Minister Matthews. It is the result of 20 months of work and extensive consultations across the province. It represents their advice on how to provide timely, quality, integrated, cost-effective services for Ontarians who have mental illnesses and/or addictions.

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Effect of Drug Law Enforcement on Drug-Related Violence: Evidence from a Scientific Review – International Centre for Science in Drug Policy (ICSDP) – 2010

Posted on September 16, 2010. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Violence |

Effect of Drug Law Enforcement on Drug-Related Violence: Evidence from a Scientific Review – International Centre for Science in Drug Policy (ICSDP) – 2010

Extract from the Executive Summary
“Violence is among the primary concerns of communities around the world, and research from many settings has demonstrated clear
links between violence and the illicit drug trade, particularly in urban settings. While violence has traditionally been framed as resulting from the effects of drugs on individual users (e.g., druginduced psychosis), violence in drug markets and in drug-producing areas such as Mexico is increasingly understood as a means for drug gangs to gain or maintain a share of the lucrative illicit drug market.

Given the growing emphasis on evidence-based policy-making and the ongoing severe violence attributable to drug gangs in many countries around the world, a systematic review of the available English language scientific literature was conducted to examine the impacts of drug law enforcement interventions on drug market violence. The hypothesis was that the existing scientific evidence would demonstrate an association between increasing drug law enforcement expenditures or intensity and reduced levels of violence.

…most studies found that increasing drug law enforcement intensity resulted in increased rates of drug market violence.”

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Navigating the Journey to Wellness: The Comprehensive Mental Health and Addictions Action Plan for Ontarians [Canada] – Final Report – 26 August 2010

Posted on August 27, 2010. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

Navigating the Journey to Wellness: The Comprehensive Mental Health and Addictions Action Plan for Ontarians [Canada] – Final Report – 26 August 2010

ISBN 978-1-4435-4278-4

Extract from the introduction:

“The Select Committee on Mental Health and Addictions is pleased to present its final report. We began our investigation of mental health and addictions care in Ontario more than 18 months ago, when the Select Committee was created in February 2009. Since then, we have been privileged to share the stories of Ontarians living and often struggling with mental health and addictions issues. It is an understatement to say that we have been moved by what we have heard. Rather, we have been changed by what we have heard, and are now convinced that a radical transformation of mental health and addictions care is necessary if  Ontarians are to get the care they need and deserve.”   …continues

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The integration of homelessness, mental health and drug and alcohol services in Australia – Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute (AHURI) – August 2010

Posted on August 4, 2010. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

The integration of homelessness, mental health and drug and alcohol services in Australia – Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute (AHURI) – August 2010

Paul Flatau, and others
AHURI Positioning Paper No. 132
ISSN: 1834-7223 ISBN: 978-1-921610-46-2
Western Australian Research Centre UNSW-UWS Research Centre

“1    INTRODUCTION
1.1  Background
Homelessness does not have one root cause. The pathways followed by people into (and out of) homelessness do not conform to any set pattern. Nevertheless, there are important ‘stylised facts’ of homelessness that shape policy and service responses to homelessness. One of these concerns the nexus between homelessness and mental health. The existing evidence suggests that homeless people are more likely to experience mental health conditions than those who are not homeless. Moreover, it suggests that prevalence rates of substance use disorders among homeless persons exceed general population estimates and that co-morbidity (co-occurrence) of substance use and other mental disorders is common (Jablensky et al. 1999; Andrews et al. 2001; Herrman et al. 2004; Teesson et al. 2004; Kessler et al. 2005).1

Homeless people experiencing mental health conditions face significant hurdles in accessing and sustaining long-term housing and in addressing their personal, social and health needs. The vast majority of homeless people are supported in this endeavour by a range of agencies, including: specialist homelessness agencies, which provide personal and social support and emergency and medium-term accommodation; alcohol and other drug treatment services; mental health services; and a range of other services. However, these services may work independently from each other, cross-sector coordination of services being restricted to referrals from one service domain to another.”

continues

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Finding the right help: pathways for culturally diverse clients with cannabis use and mental health issues – July 2010

Posted on July 28, 2010. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

Finding the right help: pathways for culturally diverse clients with cannabis use and mental health issues – July 2010
Drug and Alcohol Multicultural Education Centre and the National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre

“This qualitative study examines the experiences of those with co-existing issues engaging with mental health or alcohol and other drug services. It finds that engaging with specialist services was challenging for nearly all the clients interviewed, yet it appeared even more so for those from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. This was largely due to additional challenges and pressures relating to their migration experiences, language barriers and not understanding the Australian healthcare system. Despite the challenges, cilents spoke highly of the services and workers they were currently engaged with, identifying what they had found helpful, and providing recommendations for addressing co-exisiting issues and working with clients from CALD backgrounds.

This research was conducted jointly by the Drug and Alcohol Multicultural Education Centre (DAMEC) and the National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC). The project was funded by the NSW Health Department and supported by the Network of Alcohol and other Drug Agencies (NADA).”

Flaherty I, Donato-Hunt C, Arcuri A & Howard J. 2010. Finding the right help: Pathways for culturally diverse clients with cannabis use and mental health issues – Summary report. Sydney: DAMEC & NCPIC. ISBN: 978-0-9805584-7-0

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National Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services – US – published April 2010

Posted on May 21, 2010. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

National Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services – US – published April 2010

Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) 1998 – 2008

“This report presents national-level data from the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) for ad-missions in 2008, and trend data for 1998 to 2008. The report provides information on the demographic and substance abuse characteristics of admissions to treatment aged 12 and older for abuse of alcohol and/or drugs in facilities that report to individual State administrative data systems.

TEDS is an admission-based system, and TEDS admissions do not represent individuals. Thus, for example, an individual admitted to treatment twice within a calendar year would be counted as two admissions.

TEDS does not include all admissions to substance abuse treatment. It includes facilities that are licensed or certified by the State substance abuse agency to provide substance abuse treatment (or are administratively tracked for other reasons). In general, facilities reporting TEDS data are those that receive State alcohol and/or drug agency funds (including Federal Block Grant funds) for the provision of alcohol and/or drug treatment services.”

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New Treatment Guidelines for Alcohol and Drug Problems – Australia – 3 February 2010

Posted on February 4, 2010. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

New Treatment Guidelines for Alcohol and Drug Problems   3 February 2010

“Health professionals will be able to better treat people with alcohol abuse problems, as well as people with coexisting alcohol and other drug use and mental health conditions thanks to two sets of guidelines released today.

The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) at the University of NSW were funded by the Australian Government to produce up-to-date, evidence-based information on the management of co-morbid drug and alcohol and mental health problems.

The guidelines include guiding principles for working with clients with co-morbid mental health problems and practical information for managing these problems, their treatment and appropriate referral processes. They draw upon the experience and knowledge of clinicians, researchers, consumers and carers.   …

Also available are the updated Guidelines for the Treatment of Alcohol Problems, developed by Sydney South-West Area Health Service and the University of Sydney with Australian Government funding. They provide information for health professionals who treat people with alcohol-related problems, providing them with a comprehensive review of the available treatment options.

These guidelines supersede the previous guidelines produced in October 2003.”

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National Survey on Drug Use and Health – NSDUH – US – Perceptions of Risk from Substance Use among Adolescents – 23 November 2009

Posted on January 21, 2010. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

National Survey on Drug Use and Health – NSDUH – US – Perceptions of Risk from Substance Use among Adolescents – 23 November 2009

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) asks persons aged 12 to 17 (i.e., adolescents) how much they think people risk harming themselves physically and in other ways when they use cigarettes, alcohol, and illicit drugs. Response choices are (1) no risk, (2) slight risk, (3) moderate risk, and (4) great risk. This issue of The NSDUH Report presents information on perceptions of great risk from using various substances; data are examined by age and gender. All findings are annual averages based on combined 2007 and 2008 NSDUH data.

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Too much of the hard stuff: what alcohol costs the NHS – January 2010

Posted on January 6, 2010. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Health Economics | Tags: |

Too much of the hard stuff: what alcohol costs the NHS – January 2010

“Consumption of alcohol in the UK has increased by 19 per cent over the last three decades and is now higher than in any other European country. Recent reports indicate that 10.5 million adults in England drink above sensible limits and around 1.1  million have a level of alcohol addiction. Alcohol is the third leading cause of disease burden in developed countries and, as a result, the cost of providing alcohol-related services is escalating. The burden on the NHS will be unsustainable if this continues.

This Briefing, produced with the Royal College of Physicians, outlines the extent of the problem and gives examples of where the NHS is managing problem drinkers effectively and efficiently. The NHS Confederation visited hospitals between August and November 2009 and gathered evidence from members to gain an understanding of the extent of the burden and the ways in which hospitals can improve their services.”

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Signs for improvement: commissioning interventions to reduce alcohol-related harm – UK – 15 July 2009

Posted on July 20, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Signs for improvement: commissioning interventions to reduce alcohol-related harm – UK – 15 July 2009

UK Department of Health

“This guidance is designed to direct to the resources and guidance which will assist them in commissioning interventions to reduce alcohol-related harm in their local community. It offers ways to improve commissioning, looking at each World Class Commissioning competency and at all stages in the commissioning cycle.”

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Every Door is the Right Door: Towards a 10-Year Mental Health and Addictions Strategy: A discussion paper – July 2009 – Report from Ontatio – Minister’s Advisory Group

Posted on July 17, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol |

Every Door is the Right Door: Towards a 10-Year Mental Health and Addictions Strategy: A discussion paper – July 2009 – Report from Ontatio – Minister’s Advisory Group

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Bridges and barriers: addressing Indigenous incarceration and health by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee – published by the Australian National Council on Drugs, 2009

Posted on July 7, 2009. Filed under: Aboriginal TI Health, Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: , |

Bridges and barriers: addressing Indigenous incarceration and health by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee – Published by the Australian National Council on Drugs, 2009   18 p.

Introduction:

“Indigenous Australians make up almost one-quarter of Australia’s prison population. In the past 20 years, Indigenous Australians have continued to fill our country’s prisons at alarmingly disproportionate rates. The issues experienced by Indigenous offenders are significant and complex. The strong links between substance misuse and Indigenous incarceration highlight an urgent need for government to address this disturbing problem.”  … continues on the website

Relevant related material

Evidence-Based Public Policy Options to Reduce Crime and Criminal Justice Costs: Implications in Washington State
Elizabeth Drake, Steve Aos, Marna Miller   Washington State Institute for Public Policy – April 2009

“In 2006, long-term forecasts indicated that Washington faced the need to construct several new prisons in the following two decades. Since new prisons are costly, the legislature directed the Institute to project whether there are “evidence-based” options that can reduce the future need for prison beds, save money for state and local taxpayers, and contribute to lower crime rates. As part of a systematic review of the research evidence, we found and analyzed 545 comparison-group evaluations of adult corrections, juvenile corrections, and prevention programs to determine what works, if anything, to reduce crime. We then estimated the benefits and costs of many of these evidence-based options and found that some evidence-based programs produce favorable returns on investment. This paper presents our findings and describes our meta-analytic and economic methods.”
Document ID: (09-00-1201)

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Helping someone with problem cannabis use: Mental Health First Aid Guidelines – June 2009

Posted on June 23, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Mental Health Psychi Psychol | Tags: |

Helping someone with problem cannabis use: Mental Health First Aid Guidelines – June 2009
National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre  /  Orygen Youth Health Research Centre
Press release

“New first aid guidelines for problem cannabis use have been released today to help the community identify and assist users who are developing a problem with their cannabis use or are in a cannabis-related crisis.

The guidelines, the first to be produced in the world, have been researched and produced by Orygen Youth Health for the National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC), funded by the Australian Government, based at the University of NSW, and are a response to the growing body of evidence that links cannabis use to a range of physical and mental health problems.

They are designed to inform members of the community how to recognize when someone’s cannabis use has become a problem, how to provide initial support and information, and how to guide the user to seek professional help.”

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Primary Care Service Framework: Alcohol Services in Primary Care (UK) – May 2009

Posted on June 19, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Primary Care Service Framework: Alcohol Services in Primary Care (UK) – May 2009

This service framework is for adult patients who are drinking to hazardous and harmful or dependent levels.  This document has been updated to include recent policy changes and is supported by a range of enhanced tools to support implementation. A complementary suite of resources and supportive notes is also available.

Primary Care Contracting – news

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The Effects of Substance Use on Workplace Injuries Cover: The Effects of Substance Use on Workplace Injuries – RAND – June 2009

Posted on June 12, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Occupational Hlth Safety | Tags: |

The Effects of Substance Use on Workplace Injuries Cover: The Effects of Substance Use on Workplace Injuries
By: Rajeev Ramchand, Amanda Pomeroy, Jeremy Arkes    RAND Corporation
Pages: 53
Document Number: OP-247-ADHS
Year: 2009
“Occupational injuries are a serious public-health issue and cause significant morbidity and mortality in the United States. In 2004, there were 3.4 million admissions to emergency rooms for job-related injuries and illnesses, a number that reflects an estimated rate of 2.5 admissions per 100 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers aged 15 and older. In 2005, private industry employers reported 1.2 million injuries and illnesses that required days away from work, representing 135.7 per 10,000 FTE workers. The same year, data from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries estimated that there were approximately four occupational-injury deaths per 100,000 employed workers, which represented a total of 5,702 such deaths that year. The costs of occupational injuries and illnesses in the United States exceed $100 billion annually and entail both direct and indirect costs borne by injured workers, their families, other workers through lower wages, firms through lower profits, and consumers through higher prices. This paper describes associations between substance use and occupational injuries and proposes reasons that substance use may be linked to work-related accidents; reviews the most-recent empirical literature that has attempted to document the relationship between substance use and occupational injuries; highlights findings that are consistent across studies and addresses the limitations that most of these studies confront; examines the policies that attempt to address substance use at the workplace and why each initiative may or may not influence rates of occupational injuries; and discusses what remains unknown about the relationship between substance use and occupational injuries and identifies future avenues for research that could help fill some of these research gaps.”

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NICE contributes to the Health Select Committee inquiry on Alcohol – May 2009

Posted on May 22, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

NICE contributes to the Health Select Committee inquiry on Alcohol

“What is the scale of ill-health related to alcohol misuse, and what are the consequences for the NHS? To address alcohol-related health problems, should the drinking culture in England change, and if so, how? These questions form part of the terms of reference for the House of Commons Health Select Committee (HSC), which is currently holding an inquiry on alcohol and its impact on health. The HSC is a group of cross-party MPs who examine a range of health matters, inviting experts from the public, private and voluntary sectors to give their views on the matter in question. Their resulting report advises government on what actions should be taken.

Professor Mike Kelly, NICE Director of the Centre for Public Health Excellence, was one of three witnesses invited to give evidence at a recent HSC session on what steps should be considered to tackle the rising problem of alcohol misuse. This inquiry is particularly timely, as NICE is currently producing guidance in both its public health and clinical programmes addressing alcohol misuse: prevention of alcohol misuse, clinical management of alcohol disorders, and alcohol dependence and harmful alcohol use.

In response to a Committee query about what more could be done to prevent development of alcohol related problems, Professor Kelly advised that an important step is for the NHS to recognise alcohol as a major priority. He also highlighted that alcohol use can change over time: “Trends in alcohol use are not an unstoppable juggernaut that can’t be turned around. Patterns have changed over the last 20 to 30 years: having a drink at lunchtime was fairly common but in many sectors that has now stopped. However, a pattern for some people of drinking more in the evenings and at weekends exists, which needs to be addressed. There is a good evidence base for what works to tackle alcohol misuse, but these approaches need to be integrated into the way that people live – taking account of how people work and spend their leisure time.”

Questions from the committee on the three best interventions that the NHS should focus on drew a range of responses from the three witnesses, including more screening, more alcohol health workers and more joined-up government action. One point was noted by Professor Kelly as often being overlooked, given the many binge-drinking stories that have become so familiar: “Alcohol is a population-based problem. If the NHS focuses solely at the binge-drinking or problematic-drinking end of the spectrum, an opportunity will be missed to reduce consumption of alcohol across the general population. A national strategy is needed so that the people who consider themselves to be sensible drinkers – but who may actually be drinking potentially harmful amounts – are also targeted as that’s where problems build.”

The NICE public consultation on the evidence for the alcohol-use: Prevention guidance is open until June 17, with final guidance scheduled for publication in spring 2010.

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Drug Education Also Helps Curb Risky Sexual Behavior – RAND study

Posted on May 4, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Preventive Healthcare | Tags: |

Drug Education Also Helps Curb Risky Sexual Behavior

“School-based drug education programs for adolescents can have a long-term positive impact on sexual behavior in addition to curbing substance abuse, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Researchers found that young adults who had been exposed to a popular drug abuse prevention program as adolescents were less likely to engage in risky sexual behavior five to seven years later, according to the findings published online by the Journal of Adolescent Health. The study provides the strongest evidence to date that drug abuse prevention programs can also curb risky sexual practices in young adulthood.

“The lessons these young people learned about how to avoid drug and alcohol abuse appears to have had a positive impact on their sexual behavior as well,” said Phyllis Ellickson, the lead author of the study and a researcher at RAND, a nonprofit research organization.

The study found that youth exposed to a drug abuse education program were significantly less likely as young adults to either engage in sex with multiple partners or to have unprotected sex because of drug and alcohol use than their peers who had not received the training.

However, researchers found that those who received drug prevention training were no more likely to use condoms consistently than their peers who did not receive the training. ”

Abstract

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Ready-to-Drink Beverages – Policy Paper (March 2009) NZ

Posted on April 16, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. | Tags: |

National Drug Policy New Zealand

Ready-to-Drink Beverages – Policy Paper (Mar 2009)
This paper was developed in response to concerns regarding ready-to-drink beverages and assesses the evidence and implications of a selection of potential policy options targeted at ready-to-drink beverages.

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Implementing the ABC Approach for Smoking Cessation: Framework and work programme NZ Ministry of Health

Posted on April 16, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep. |

Implementing the ABC Approach for Smoking Cessation: Framework and work programme  NZ Ministry of Health

Date of publication: February 2009

Summary of publication

This document sets out a framework for implementing the ABC approach for Smoking Cessation

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Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) – November 2008 – from the Health Services Assessment Collaboration (HSAC), NZ

Posted on April 9, 2009. Filed under: Alcohol & Drug Dep., Obstetrics |

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) ( PDF 4MB )   2008

Systematic reviews of prevention, diagnosis and management

This report contains a systematic review of primary, secondary and tertiary interventions that aim to reduce the burden of FASD, and a systematic review of screening tools. A top-level review of FASD diagnosis and management strategies was also performed. In addition, there is a brief overview of the literature on the economics of FASD.

Summary – Key Findings ( PDF 88kB )

Health Services Assessment Collaboration (NZ) Reports

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